Women have long been involved with the history of the National Park Service. Here you can explore the stories of some of these historic women and the times and places where they laid the foundation for the NPS.
Part of the history of the National Park Service also includes men, women, and children dispossessed of their homes and property (including Native Americans and Japanese Americans), as well as those excluded from park areas and programs because they were Black. You can find a list of references to explore these stories near the bottom of the page.
Some places to start learning about the people (including women) who were removed from their homes and lands in the creation of National Parks:
- Kantor, Isaac (2007) "Ethnic Cleansing and America's Creation of National Parks." Public Land and Resources Law Review, Vol. 28.
- Miles, Kathryn (2019) "Shenandoah National Park is Confronting Its History." Outside Online, September 23, 2019.
- Mock, Brentin (2016) "The US National Park Service Grapples with its Racist Origins." CityLab, August 26, 2016.
- Shumaker, Susan (c2005). "Segregation in the National Parks," Untold Stories from America's National Parks. PBS.
- Spence, Mark David (2000). Disposessing the Wilderness: Indian Removal and the Making of the National Parks. Oxford University Press.