Field Guide to Spiders and Scorpions
Flower Crab Spider
The coloration of the flower crab spider varies greatly, ranging from white to yellow, or even a bright green. Male flower crab spiders have red markings along the outer edge of their bodies and small bands of red on their two front legs. The front legs of the female are lighter in color and lack the red markings. Flower crab spiders are commonly found in cotton plants, and on certain cactus flowers.
Green Lynx Spider
Southern Black Widow
Considered the most notorious spider in the United States, the Black Widow is actually timid and will attempt to escape danger before biting. This cobweb weaver prefers to build its web in shaded areas close to the ground. The juvenile form of the Black Widow is a yellowish white color. As it matures, this spider gradually turns black until only the distinctive hourglass mark remains on the lower abdomen. Males are usually smaller than females with longer legs, and they often exhibit a distinct white and black coloration.
Fairly common throughout the State of Texas, tarantulas are burrowing spiders that are easily identified by their large size. There are 14 species of tarantula found throughout Texas and specific identification is difficult even to those with the proper equipment, literature, and experience. However, some varieties from Northern Mexico are easier to identify due to their unique color pattern. Female tarantulas generally live longer than male tarantulas in Texas and can layfrom 100 to 1000 eggs in their burrows. Texas species of tarantula generally remain in burrows and their bite is not harmful to humans.
Striped Bark Scorpion
The striped bark scorpion can be recognized by two broad, black bands along the top of its abdomen. Color can vary from yellowish to light tan in adults of the species while younger striped bark scorpions are darker in color. striped bark scorpions mate in Fall, Winter, and Early Spring, and have a lifespan of up to four years. The sting of this scorpion causes swelling and localized pain.