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March 28, 2013

Megafauna (mega – large in Ancient Greek, fauna – animal in New Latin) – is a term used to refer to animals of particularly large or giant size. Pleistocene megafauna are a number of species that inhabited Earth during the Pleistocene epoch and became extinct during the Holocene Extinction. The representatives of North America megafauna that died off are giant sloth, short-faced bear, scrimitar cat, mammoth, mastodon, Arctic camel, and giant beaver. The North American megafauna species that survived to our day are bison, pronghorn, moose, bighorn and Dall sheep, and muskox.

Last Updated: March 29, 2013