West Virginia Troops in the Vicksburg Campaign
The monument for the 4th West Virginia Infantry is located on Union Avenue south of Graveyard Road. The monument serves as the base for Major Arza M. Goodspeed’s bust. Also, markers designating the trenchline are located on the south side of Graveyard Road 500' from the Stockade Redan; the assaults of 19 May 1863 located 150' east of Confederate Avenue approaching Park Tour Stop #10; the assaults of 22 May 1863 located on the ridge on the south side of Graveyard Road 500' from the Stockade Redan; and the camp site located at the bottom of a wooded ravine east of the West Virginia markers on the ridge on the south side of Graveyard Road 500' from the Stockade Redan. This unit was attached to Brigadier General Hugh Ewing’s 3d Brigade of Major General Francis P. Blair's 2d Division, Major Generals William T. Sherman and Frederick Steel’s XV Army Corps, and was commanded by Colonel James H. Dayton. Major Arza M. Goodspeed was killed during the assault on 19 May 1863 [refer to pages 396 - 398, Volume 5 of the WPA Monumentation Survey Books].
Did You Know?
President Abraham Lincoln, in speaking of Vicksburg's importance, is reputed to have stated early during the Civil War, "See what a lot of land these fellows hold, of which Vicksburg is the key, the war can never be brought to a close until that key is in our pocket."