• Sunlight illuminates the top of historic Mission San José de Tumacácori church.


    National Historical Park Arizona

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  • Anza Trail Impassable in Areas

    Due to a large flood event, sections of the Anza Trail between the mission grounds and Tubac are impassable to both hikers and horses. Visitors may use the trail north to the first river crossing, but travel beyond that point is not recommended.

  • Pet Policy

    In compliance with the Code of Federal Regulations and Superintendent's Compendium, Tumacácori prohibits pets from all government buildings and the mission grounds. More »

Francisco Elías Gonzalez

Francisco Elías Gonzales was a soldier for many years on the northern frontier of New Spain. He started his military career at the Presidio of Janos, where he was married to the captain's daughter. He served there as a lieutenant under his father-in-law, Diaz del Carpio. When the latter trasferred to the Presidio of Terrenate in 1752, Elías Gonzales went with him and eventually replaced him as that presidio's captain. He served there for many years and his now externsive posterity owns much of the ranchlands of the Arizona-Sonora border region. To read some of his original letters click (here).
To learn more about Francisco Elías Gonzales go to Mission 2000 by clicking (here) and following the blue ID numbers. To return to Soldiers, click (here).

Did You Know?

Anza Expedition camp

Captain Juan Bautista de Anza of Tubac led over 300 people from here to the San Francisco Bay in 1775-76 to establish a Spanish colony and presidio there.