• Giant Sequoia Trees

    Sequoia & Kings Canyon

    National Parks California

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Selected Fire References Related to the Sierra Nevada--Single Page Complete

References are categorized by "General Literature/Information", "Technical & Scientific Literature" and "Historic & Background Literature". Bibliographic material concentrates on Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks and the southern Sierra Nevada but also includes other fire related references that may be of general interest. Papers are listed by date within each section. (Updated: 29-Mar-2006)

Abstracts or the complete text for some of the references are available for download. Full documents are usually in Acrobat PDF file format (size will be indicated next to link) and will require Adobe Acrobat Reader to view (free from Adobe). Many of the articles listed below were written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and are therefore in the public domain. Additionally, many of the on-line publications are scanned and captured using Adobe Acrobat. During the capture process some typographical errors may have occurred. If you encounter any that make a publication unuseable please contact Tony Caprio - Division of Natural Resources.


Giant sequoia grove prescribed burn
General Literature

  • Man and Fire in Ponderosa Pine in the Sierra Nevada of California. H.H. Biswell. 1959. Sierra Club Bulletin 44:44-53.
  • The Big Trees and Fire. H.H. Biswell. 1961. National Parks & Conservation Magazine. 35:11-14. April
  • The Ecology of Fire. C.F. Cooper. 1961. Scientific American. April
  • Forest encroachment on the meadows of Yosemite Valley. E.F. Ernst. 1961. Sierra Club Bul. 46:21-32.
  • Fire Ecology of the Giant Sequoia: Controlled Fires May Be One Solution to Survival of the Species. R.J. Hartesveldt. 1964. Natural History Magazine 73:12-19.
  • Whitaker's Forest. G.B. Larson. 1966. American Forests September 73:
  • Redwood Mountain. (Acrobat PDF 2.8MB) H. Biswell and H. Weaver. 1968. American Forests 74:20-23.
  • Fuel Conditions and Fire Hazard Reduction Costs in a Giant Sequoia Forest. H.H. Biswell, R.P. Gibbens, and H. Buchanan. 1968.National Parks Magazine 42:17-19.
  • How Fire Helps the Big Trees. H. Weaver and H.H. Biswell. 1969. National Parks & Conservation Magazine. 43:16-19.
  • Forest Fires: Suppression Policy has its Ecological Drawbacks. M. Oberle. 1969. Science 165:568-571.
  • Restoring Fire to the Sequoias. B.M. Kilgore. 1970. National Parks & Conservation Magazine 44:16-22.
  • The Ecology of Fire. V.R. Johnston. 1970. Audubon 72:78-119.
  • Preserving Nature in Forested Wilderness Areas and National Parks. M.L. Heinselman. 1970. National Parks & Conservation Magazine 44:8-14.
  • Fire's Role in a Sequoia Forest. B.M. Kilgore. 1972. Naturalist 23:26-37.
  • Wilderness Fires Allowed to Burn More Naturally. R.W. Mutch. 1972. Fire Control Notes. 33:3-6.
  • Can There Be a "Good" Forest Fire?. R. Clairborne. 1972. Smithsonian May 1972. (condensed version reprinted in the October 1972 Reader's Digest)
  • Forestscape & Fire Restoration at Whitaker's Forest. L. Cotton and H. Biswell. 1973. National Parks & Conservation Magazine 47:10-15.
  • Restoring Fire to National Park Wilderness. (Acrobat PDF file - 1.193MB) B.M. Kilgore. 1975. American Forests. March.
  • Restoring Fire to National Park Wilderness. Kilgore, B. M. 1975. American Forests 16-19, 57-59.
  • Chaparral. D.J. Parsons. 1976. Pacific Discovery 29:21-27.
  • Fire in Wilderness Ecosystems. B. Kilgore. Wilderness Management. J.C. Hendee, G.H. Stankey, and R.C. Lucas (eds.), pp. 297-335.
  • Fire and Man in Sequoia National Park. J.L. Vankat. 1977. Annuals. Assoc. Amer. Geog. 67:17-27.
  • The Role of Fire in Park Management. D.J. Parsons. 1977. Parks 2:1-4.
  • Born of Fire. W. Tweed. 1987. National Parks Magazine. 61:23-27, 45.
  • These Woods are Made for Burning. R. Kunzig. Discover. 1988, pp. 86-95.
  • Forest Fire Primeval. T.W. Swetnam. 1988. The World & I. Sept. 1988:236-241.
  • Fire: The Story Behind a Force of Nature. J. de Golia. 1989. KC Publications, Inc., 50 pp.
  • The Forest is for Burning. J.S. Clark. 1989. Natural History. January 1989:51-53.
  • Fighting Fire with Fire: How Fire Plays a Benefical Role in the Health of the Forest. D. Ong. 1989 UC Davis Magazine May-June 1989:8-11.
  • Burning Questions. R. Monastersky. 1990. Science News 138:264-266.
  • Carrying the Torch. J. Ackerman. 1993. Nature Conservancy 43:16-23.
  • Feeding the Flame. T. Knudson. 1994. The Sacramento Bee; Special Report. Nov. 27-Dec 1, 1994.
  • Fire Power. G. Wuerthner. 1995. NPCA - National Parks Magazine. May/June 1995:32-37.
  • The Crisis in Our Forests. J. Phillips. 1995. Sunset Magazine. July 1995:87-92.
  • Dr. Biswell's Influence on the Development of Prescribed Burning in California. J.W. van Wagtendonk, J. W. (1995). Walnut Creek, Biswell Symposium: 11-15.
  • Only You Can Postpone Forest Fires. T. Williams 1995. Sierra 80:36-43.
  • Clean air versus prescribed fire: A burning dilemma. by Jeff Manley. 1997.
  • Making Peace with Wildland Fire. (Acrobat PDF file - 25KB) Bruce Babbitt. 1999 Wildfire 8:12-17 (January)
  • The West's Hottest Question: How to Burn What's Bound to Burn. Tony Davis. 2000. High Country News Vol. 32 No. 11 (June 5, 2000)
  • Fires Illuminate Our Illusions in the Southwest. Roger Kennedy. 2000. High Country News Vol. 32 No. 13 (July 3, 2000)
  • Los Alamos Fire Offers a Lesson in Humility. William deBuys. 2000. High Country News Vol. 32 No. 13 (July 3, 2000)
  • The Dilemma of Wilderness Fire. D.J. Parsons. 2000. Wilderness Watch, Missoula, Montana.
  • Wilderness Fire. G. Nickas. 2000. Wilderness Watch, Missoula, Montana.
  • Ecology of Fire has Been Discussed, Evaluated for Decades. Sherry Devlin. 2000. The Billings Gazette
  • Fire an Ecological Horror ? or Maybe Not: Assessing Los Alamos Damage. Tony Davis. Sunday, 21 May 2000. Arizona Daily Star
  • Prescribed fire and grazing impacts on Sierran forests. Keeley, J. E. 2000.People, Land & Water (July/August): p. 25. U.S. Department of the Interior.
  • Burning Money. Ted Williams. 2001. Audubon (Jan.-Feb) 103:34-41
  • Burning Needs - May/June 2001 Nature Conservancy Magizine
    • Reapers of the Flame. W. Stolzenburg. 2001. Nature Conservancy.31:10-11.
    • Promethus Unbound. T. Wilkinson. 2001. Nature Conservancy.31:12-20.
    • Fire in the Rain Forest. W. Stozenburg. 2001. Nature Conservancy.31:22-27.
  • High Country News Special Reports
  • The Secrets of Fire. Susan J. Tweit. 2001. Audubon (May.-June) 103 (Although wildfire has always exerted a powerful hold on us, we are only beginning to fathom its mysteries.)
  • The Fires This Time, and Next. Essay by Stephen J. Pyne. 2001. Science 294:1005-1006
  • Guide to the Sequoia Groves of California. by Dwight Willard. 2000. Yosemite Assn. 180 pp.
  • In the Field: Arctic Fires. Peter J. Marchand. 2001 Natural History June
  • Boulder utilizes burns. by Elizabeth Pike, High Country News 33:17 (September 10, 2001)
  • High Country News. Vol. 34 #13, July 8, 2002
  • Losing the forest in the trees.Susan Tweit. Denver Post, July 15, 2002
  • Toad's numbers linked to fire. by Michael Jamison, Missoulian July 28, 2002
  • Out of the Ashes. by George Wuerthner. NPCA - National Parks Magazine. September/October 2002.
  • Burn It to Save It. Wade Graham. L.A. Times Magazine. October 20, 2002.
  • Restoring Western Forests: Fires, Saws, or Both? Stephenson, N., M. Keifer, and J. Manley. 2002. People, Land, and Water (DOI news magazine) 8(10):18.
  • Sierra Nevada Global Change and Fire Research. Stephenson, N. 2002. People, Land, and Water (DOI news magazine) 8(10):18.
  • Burning Questions. Douglas Gantenbein. Scientific American. November 2002 (Scientists work to understand and control the plague of wildfires in the West)
  • Book Review: The politics of fire "Flames in Our Forests: Disaster or Renewal, by Stephen F. Arno and Steven Allison-Bunnell. Washington, D.C.: Island Press, 2002, 245 pp." by R.A. Sedjo, Issues in Science and Technology, Fall 2002.
  • Managing Fire-Prone Forests: Roots of Our Dilemma. (Acrobat PDF file - 155 kb) S.F. Arno and S. Allison-Bunnell. 2003. Fire Management Today 63:12-16
  • Fire and Invasive Plants in California Ecosystems. (Acrobat PDF file - 65 kb) J. Keeley. 2003. Fire Management Today 63:18-19.
  • High Country News - Special Report - Fire in the West. Vol. 35 No. 10, May 26, 2003 (Also see Op-Ed response below).
  • Op-Ed responding to above High Country News Special Report: Fire in the West - It's No Simple Story. Editorial comments on report by Julio Betancourt (USGS), Thomas W. Swetnam (Univ. of Ariz.), Craig Allen (USGS), and Melissa Savage (UCLA), HCN - July 7, 2003.
  • Western Wildfires Linked To Variations In Climate. Science Daily Magazine, 2003-06-16
  • Fire Fight - Smithsonian Magazine, Aug. 2003.
  • Forging a Science-Based National Forest Fire Policy by J.F. Franklin and J.K. Agee, Issues in Science and Technology, Fall 2003.
  • Managing forests will allow us to breathe easier. by Thomas A. Cahill, Fresno Bee June 23, 2004
  • Weathering wildfires: Blazes' historic role complicates current situation. By Greg Botelho, CNN Monday, August 2, 2004
  • The Role of Fire and Fire Management in the Invasion of Nonnative Plants in California. K.E. Merriam, T.W. McGinnis, and J.E. Keeley. 2004. Park Science 22:32-36.
  • Keepers of the Flame. by Adam Burke. High Country News Vol. 36 No. 21, November 8, 2004.
  • Birds and Fire by Kristi G. Streiffert. Living Bird (Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology) Autumn 2004.
  • Op-Ed in Fresno Bee on fire in sequoia groves: "Fires vital for long-term health of sequoia forests" by Russel J. Wilson, March 11, 2005 (acting superintendent of Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks).
  • Op-Ed in Auburn Journal on fire in California: "Reducing risk in a fire-prone state" by Norman L. Christensen, April 27, 2005
  • A Burning Question. by Scott Kirkwood.NPCA - National Parks Magazine. Summer 2005.
  • Where there's fire, there's global warming. by Matt Jenkins. High Country News Vol. 38 No. 14, August 7, 2006.

Technical & Scientific Literature: (1960s - 1970s - 1980s - 1990s - 2000s)

  • 1960s

  • Changes in Vegetation, Structure, and Growth of Southwestern Pine Forest Since White Settlement. Cooper, C.F. 1960. Ecological Monographs 30:129:164.
  • Ecological Effects of Forest Fires. I.F. Ahlgren and C.E. Ahlgren. 1960. The Botanical Review. 26:483-533.
  • Danger of Wildfire Reduced by Prescribed Burning in Ponderosa Pine. H.H. Biswell. 1960. Calif. Agr. 14:5-6.
  • The Influence of Fire on California's Pristine Vegetation: A Consideration in Controlled Burning. L.T. Burcham. 1960. Extension Forestry Office, Agricultural Extension Service, U.C. Berkeley, 16 pp.
  • The Ecology of Fire. C.F. Cooper. 1961. Scientific American. April
  • Past Fire Incidence in Sierra Nevada Forests. W.W. Wagner. 1961. Journal of Forestry 59:739-748.
  • The Influence of Giant Sequoia on Soil Properties. P.J. Zinke and R.L. Crocker. 1962. Forest Science 8:2-11.
  • Some Aspects of the Influence of Fire and Sodium-Calcium Borate on Chaparral Vegetation. S.K. Stocking. 1962. M.A. Thesis, San Francisco State College. 112 pp.
  • Wildlife Management in the National Parks: The Leopold Report. A.S. Leopold (Chairman), S.A. Cain, C.M. Cottam, I.N. Gabrielson, T.L. Kimball (Advisory Board on Wildlife Management appointed by Secretary of the Interior Udall). 1964.
  • Fire and Management Problems in Ponderosa Pine Forests. (Acrobat PDF file - 598KB) H. Weaver. 1964. Proc. Annu. Tall Timbers Fire Ecol. Conf. 3:60-79.
  • Litter Production by Big Trees and Associated Species. H.H. Biswell, H. Buchanan, and R.P. Gibbens. 1966. California Agriculture 20:5-7.
  • Ecology of Vertebrate Animals in Relation to Chaparral Fire in the Sierra Nevada Foothills. G.E. Lawrence. 1966. Ecology 47:278-291.
  • Influence of fire and sodium-calcium borate on chaparral vegegation. S.K. Stocking. 1966. Madroño 18:193-203.
  • The Use of Fire in Wildland Management in California. H.H. Biswell. 1967. pp. 71-87. In: Natural Resources: Quality and Quantity. Univ. Calif. Press, Berkeley.
  • Forest Fire in Perspective. H.H. Biswell. 1967. pp. 43-63. Proceedings from the California Tall Timbers Fire Ecology Conference. Nov. 9-10, 1967. #7
  • The Fire Ecology of Sequoia Regeneration (Acrobat PDF file - 377KB) Hartesveldt, R.J. and H.T. Harvey. 1967. pp. 64-78. Proceedings from the California Tall Timbers Fire Ecology Conference. Nov. 9-10, 1967. #7
  • Vegetation Transects on the Camp conifer Fire Area. H.A. Jensen. 1967. Report for NPS Sequoia & Kings canyon National Parks by Hamman, Jensen, and Wallen, Inc. Mapping and Forestry Services, report on purchase order 102-1009.
  • Experimental Burning in Park Management. R.W. Murphy. 1967. pp. 207-216. Proceedings from the California Tall Timbers Fire Ecology Conference. Nov. 9-10, 1967. #7
  • The Influence of Man and Fire on the Vegetation of the Calaveras Groves of Sequoiadendron giganteum. P.W. Rundel. 1967. M.S. Thesis, Duke University. 81 pp.
  • Fuel Conditions and Fire Hazard Reduction Costs in a Giant Sequoia Forest. (Acrobat PDF 1.8MB) H.H. Biswell, R.P. Gibbens, and H. Buchanan. 1968. California Agriculture 22:2-4.
  • Fuel Conditions in a Giant Sequoia Grove and Surrounding Plant Communities. J.K. Agee. 1968. MS Thesis, Univ. of Calif. 55pp.
  • The Properties of Heated Soils and Their Relationships to Giant Sequoia (Sequoiadendron giganteum) Germination and Seedling Growth. J.I. Donaghey. 1968. MS Thesis, San Jose State University. 162 pp.
  • Sequoias' Dependence on Fire. R.J. Hartesveldt, H.T. Harvey, H.S. Shellhammer, R.E. Stecker. 1969. Science 166: 552-553
  • Ecological Study of Meadows in Lower Rock Creek, Sequoia National Park. R. Leonard, C.M. Johnson, P.J. Zinke, and A. Schultz. 1969. Annual Report for 1968 to NPS Sequoia & Kings Canyon NP.
  • Natural Reforestation in the Northern Sierra Nevada-Donner Ridge Burn. J.H. Bock and C.E. Bock. 1969. In: Proceedings Annual Tall Timbers Fire Ecology Conference, Apr. 10-11, 1969, Tallahassee, Florida. 9:119-126.
  • The Properties of Heated Soils and Their Relationships to Giant Sequoia (Sequoiadendron giganteum) Germination and Seedling Growth. J.L. Donaghey. 1969. M.A. Thesis, San Jose State College, 173 pp.
  • Seedling Survival in a Giant Sequoia Forest. J.K. Agee and H.H. Biswell. 1969. Calif. Agr. 32(4):18-19.
  • Some quantitative aspects of the grass-oak woodland in Sequoia National Park, California. W.H. Brooks. 1969. Paper presented at Northwest Scientific Association annual meeting, Eastern washington State College, March 21, 1969, 19 pp.
  • 1970s

    (1971 - 1972 - 1973 - 1974 - 1975 - 1976 - 1977 - 1978 - 1979 - Science Heading)

    1970

  • Vegetation Change in Sequoia National Park, California. J.L. Vankat, 1970. Dissertation. University of California, Davis, California, USA.
  • Wildland Fires and Ecosystems - A Hypothesis. R.W. Mutch. 1970. Ecology 51:1046-51.
  • Breeding Bird Populations of Burned and Unburned Conifer Forest in the Sierra Nevada. C.E. Bock and J.F. Lynch. 1970. The Condor 72:182-189.
  • Research Needed for an Action Program of Restoring Fire to Giant Sequoias. B.M. Kilgore. 1970. pp. 172-180. In: Proceedings: Role of Fire in the Intermountain West Symposium.
  • Post-Fire Succession and Phenology in Sierran Pine Forests. L.T. Burcham. 1970. pp. 3-6. In: Proceedings, XI International Grassland Congress.
  • Debris Accumulation in a Ponderosa Pine Forest. J.K. Agee and H.H. Biswell. 1970. Calif. Agr. 24(5):6-7
  • Some Effects of Thinning and Fertilization on Ponderosa Pine and Understory Vegetation. J.K. Agee and H.H. Biswell. 1970. J. For. 68(11):709-711.
  • Mixed Conifer Forest Ecology: A Quantitative Study in Kings Canyon National Park, Fresno County, California. J.A. Sellers. 1970. M.A. Thesis, Fresno State College, 65 pp.
  • Fire and fuel relationships in mixed conifer ecosystems of Yosemite National Park. J.W. van Wagtendonk. 1972. Ph.D. Thesis, Univ. California, Berkeley. 163 pp.
  • Prescribed fire for maintaining fuel-breaks in the central Sierra Nevada. H.E. Schimke and L.R. Green. 1970. USDA Forest Serv. Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Exp. Sta. 9 pp.
  • 1971 (back to 1970s)

  • Seedling Germination Following Fire in a Giant Sequoia Forest. (Acrobat PDF file - 1.8MB) B.M. Kilgore and H.H. Biswell. 1971. California Agriculture 25:8-10. Abstract
  • U.C. Foresters Aid Fire Ecology Program at Yosemite. Anon. 1971. California Agriculture 25:3.
  • The Role of Fire in Managing Red Fir Forests. (Acrobat PDF file - 79kb) B.M. Kilgore. 1971. Trans. 36th North Amer. Wildlife and Nat. Res. Conf., pp. 405-416. Abstract
  • The Role of Fire in a Giant Sequoia-Mixed Conifer Forest. B.M. Kilgore. 1971. Research in Parks 93-116.
  • The Role of Fire in a Giant Sequoia-Mixed Conifer Forest. B.M. Kilgore. 1971. Paper presented at American Association for the Advancement of Science Meeting, December 26-31, 1971, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. 38 pp.
  • Some Problems Relating to Big Trees. C.B. Bradley. 1971. Amer. Forests 77:29-31.
  • A New Mycocalicium on Scarred Sequoia in California. I. Bonar. 1971. Madroño 21:62-69.
  • Response of Breeding Bird Populations to Habitat Changes in a Giant Sequoia Forest. B.M. Kilgore. 1971. Amer. Midl. Nat. 85:135-152. Abstract
  • The Distribution and Ecology of the Giant Sequoia Ecosystem in the Sierra Nevada, California. P.W. Rundel. 1971. Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of Botany, Duke University, 203 pp.
  • Community Structure and Stability in the Giant Sequoia Groves of the Sierra Nevada, California. P.W. Rundel. 1971. American Midland Naturalist 85(2):478-492.
  • 1972 (back to 1970s)

  • Effect of Forest Manipulation on Deer Habitat in Giant Sequoia. G. Lawrence and H. Biswell. 1972. The Journal of Wildlife Management 36:595-605.
  • Restoring Fire to High Elevation Forests in California. B.M. Kilgore and G.S. Briggs. 1972. J. Forestry 70:266-271.
  • Habitat Restriction in Giant Sequoia: The Environmental Control of Grove Boundaries. P.W. Rundel. 1972. American Midl. Naturalist 87(1):81-99.
  • Fire and Fuel Relationships for Yosemite National Park. J.W. Van Wagtendonk. 1972. USDI, NPS Occa. Paper No.2. 21 pp.
  • Indians of Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks. A.B. Elsasser. 1972. Sequoia Natural History Association, Three Rivers, California, 56 pp.
  • 1973 (back to 1970s)

  • The Ecological Role of Fire in Sierran Conifer Forests: Its Application to National Park Management. B.M. Kilgore. 1973. Quaternary Research 3:496-513. Abstract
  • Impact of Prescribed Burning on a Sequoia-Mixed Conifer Forest. (Acrobat PDF file - 8.2MB) B.M. Kilgore 1973. Proceedings of the Tall Timbers Fire Ecology Conference 12:345-375.
  • A Prescribed Burning Program for Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks. (Acrobat PDF file - 32KB) P.H. Schuft 1973. Proceedings of the Tall Timbers Fire Ecology Conference 12:377-389.
  • Restoring Fire to the Environment in Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks. (Acrobat PDF file - 14KB) J.S. McLaughlin 1973. Proceedings of the Tall Timbers Fire Ecology Conference. 12:391-395.
  • Fire Ecology in Ponderosa Pine-Grassland. H.H. Biswell. 1973 Proceedings of the Tall Timbers Fire Ecology Conference 12:69-96.
  • Burning and the Grasslands in California. H.F. Heady. 1973 Proceedings of the Tall Timbers Fire Ecology Conference 12:97-107.
  • Prescribed Fire Effects on Physical and Hydrologic Properties of Mixed Conifer Forest Floor and Soil. J.K. Agee. 1973. Water Res. Center, Univ. of California Cont. Rept. No. 143.
  • Fire and Nitrogen Cycle in California Chaparral. N.L. Christensen 1973. Science 181:88-68
  • Effects of Fire on Factors Controlling Plant Growth in Adenostoma chaparral. N.L. Christensen and C. Muller. 1975. Ecol. Monographs 45(1):29-55.
  • Patterns of Indian Burning in California: Ecology and Ethnohistory. H.T. Lewis. 1973. Ballena Press Anthropol. Pap. No. 1.
  • Fire in Wildland Management. C.B. Phillips. 1973. Journal of Forestry 71(10):624.
  • 1974 (back to 1970s)

  • The Relationship Between Basal Fire Scars and Crown Damage in Giant Sequoia. P.W. Rundel. 1973. Ecology 54:210-213.
  • Fire and Ecosystems. T.T. Kozlowski and C.E. Ahlgren (eds.). 1974. Academic Press, 542 pp.
  • Fire Management in the National Parks. J.K. Agee. 1974. Western Wildlands 1(3):27-33
  • Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks, California. R. Sanborn and G. Briggs. 1974. pp. 7. Minutes of the Second Annual National Park-Wilderness Fire Management Workshop, Missoula, MT February 26-27, 1975.
  • Refining burning prescriptions for Ypsemite National Park. J.W. van Wagtendonk. 1974. National Park Service Occasional Papers, No. 2.
  • 1975 (back to 1970s)

  • Crown Fire Potential in a Sequoia Forest After Prescribed Burning. (Acrobat PDF file - 54kb) B.M. Kilgore and R.W. Sando. 1975. For. Sci. 21:83-87. Abstract
  • The Giant Sequoia of the Sierra Nevada. R.J. Hartesveldt, H.T. Harvey, H.S. Shellhammer, and R.E. Stecker. 1975. USDI, NPS, US Gov. Printing Office. Pub. No. NPS-120. 180 pp.
  • Fire in Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks. D.J. Parsons. 1975. Fremontia 3:13-14.
  • Spatial Pattern and Succession within a Mixed Conifer-Giant Sequoia Forest Ecosystem. T.M. Bonnicksen. 1975. M.S. Thesis, Univ. Calif., Berkeley. 239 pp.
  • Effects of fire on factors controlling plant growth in Adenostema chaparral. N.L. Christensen and C.H. Muller. 1975. Ecol. Mono. 45:29-55.
  • The Effects of Naturally Ignited Fires on Components of a Southern Sierra Forest System, National Park Service, Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks, California. P.N. Omi, M. Groth, W.C. Beckett, J. Villeponteaux, J.M. Greenlee, E.A. Sheekey, and R. Greenberg. 1975. 193 pp.
    • Holistic Discussion. P.N. Omi, M. Groth, W.C. Beckett, J. Villeponteaux, J.M. Greenlee, E.A. Sheekey, and R. Greenberg. 1975. pp 1-18. In: The Effects of Naturally Ignited Fires on Components of a Southern Sierra Forest System.
    • The economic impact of the let burn policy. P.N. Omi. 1975. pp 19-33. In: The Effects of Naturally Ignited Fires on Components of a Southern Sierra Forest System.
    • Weather - the effect of weather and microclimate on fire behavior in Sugarloaf Valley. M. Groth. 1975. pp 34-48. In: The Effects of Naturally Ignited Fires on Components of a Southern Sierra Forest System.
    • Fuel and fire behavior. P.N. Omi. 1975. pp 49-61. In: The Effects of Naturally Ignited Fires on Components of a Southern Sierra Forest System.
    • Water - fire's effects on stream flows and surface water quality in Sugarloaf Valley. M. Groth. 1975. pp 62-81. In: The Effects of Naturally Ignited Fires on Components of a Southern Sierra Forest System.
    • Soils - fire's effects on the soil and humus of Sugarloaf Valley. W.C. Beckett. 1975. pp 82-92. In: The Effects of Naturally Ignited Fires on Components of a Southern Sierra Forest System.
    • Forest succession - fire's effects on stand structures on Sugarloaf Valley Forest Communities. J. Villeponteaux. 1975. pp 93-115. In: The Effects of Naturally Ignited Fires on Components of a Southern Sierra Forest System.
    • Vegetation - the effect of naturally ignited fire on herbs and brush in Sugarloaf Valley. J.M. Greenlee. 1975. pp 116-142. In: The Effects of Naturally Ignited Fires on Components of a Southern Sierra Forest System.
    • Effects of naturally ignited fire on wildlife in Sugarloaf Valley region. R. Greenberg. 1975. pp 143-193. In: The Effects of Naturally Ignited Fires on Components of a Southern Sierra Forest System.
  • The effects of fire on nutrient status of sequoia-mixed conifer forest soils. P.W. Rundel and T. St. John. 1975. Report for NPS from Univ. of Calif., Irvine.
  • Refined Burning Prescriptions for Yosemite National Park. J.W. van Wagtendonk. 1975. National Park Service Occasional Paper Number Two.
  • 1976 (back to 1970s)

  • Fire Management in the National Parks: An Overview. (Acrobat PDF file - 243kb) B.M. Kilgore. 1976. Proc. Tall Timbers Fire Ecology Conf. 14:45-57.
  • The Role of Fire in a Giant Sequoia-Mixed Conifer Forest. B.M. Kilgore. 1976. pp. 93-116. Symposium on Research in the Parks, USDI NPS Symposium Series No. 1.
  • Integrated Fire Management in National Parks. B.M. Kilgore. 1976. Proc. 1975 Nat. Conv., Soc. Amer. For.:178-188.
  • Ecology and Environmental Issues of the Sierra Redwood (Sequoiadendron giganteum), Now Restricted to California T.R. Vale. 1975. Environmental Conservation 2:179-188.
  • From Fire Control to Fire Management: An Ecological Basis for Policies. (Acrobat PDF file - 76kb) B.M. Kilgore. 1976. Transactions of the 41st North American Wildlife and Natural resources Conference.
  • The Dependence of Certain Conifers on Fire as a Mineralizing Agent. T.V. St. John. 1976. Ph.D. Dissertation, Univ. Calif. Irvine, 78 pp.
  • The Role of Fire as a Mineralizing Agent in a Sierran Forest. St. John, T.V. and P.W. Rundel 1976. Oecologia 25:35-45.
  • The Role of Fire in Natural Communites: An Example from the Southern Sierra Nevada, California. D.J. Parsons. 1976. Environmental Conservation 3(2):91-99.
  • A Reconnaissance of the Effects of a Forest Fire on Water Quality in Kings Canyon National Park, California. R.J. Hoffman and R.F. Ferreira. 1976. USDI Geological Survey, Menlo Park, CA, Open-File Report 76-497. 17 pp. Abstract
  • The maintenance of natural ecosystems: smoke as a factor. R.W. Mutch and G.S. Briggs. 1976. pp. 255-281. In: Proceedings International Symposium on Air Quality and Smoke from Urban and Forest Fires. National Acadamy of Sciences, Wash., D.C.
  • Vegetation changes in chamise chaparral following fire of 1960, Elk Creek, Sequoia National Park. S.K. Stocking. 1976. Unpublished report at NPS, Sequoia & Kings Canyon N.P., 18 pp.
  • 1977 (back to 1970s)

  • Preservation in Fire-Type Ecosystems. D.J. Parsons. 1977. pp. 172-182. In: H.A. Mooney and C.E. Conrad (tech. Coord.) Proceedings of the Symposium on the Environmental Consequences of Fire and Fuel management in Mediterranean Ecosystems. USDA Forest Service GTR-WO-3. 498 pp.
  • Patterns of Post-Fire Succession on the Donner Ridge Burn, Sierra Nevada. C.E. Bock and J.H. Bock. 1977. pp. 464-469. In: H.A. Mooney and C.E. Conrad (tech. Coord.) Proceedings of the Symposium on the Environmental Consequences of Fire and Fuel management in Mediterranean Ecosystems. USDA Forest Service GTR-WO-3. 498 pp.
  • Fire Management in the Yosemite Mixed-Conifer Ecosystem. J.W. van Wagtendonk. 1977. pp. 459-463. In: H.A. Mooney and C.E. Conrad (tech. Coord.) Proceedings of the Symposium on the Environmental Consequences of Fire and Fuel management in Mediterranean Ecosystems. USDA Forest Service GTR-WO-3. 498 pp.
  • Fire and Man in Sequoia National Park. J.L. Vankat 1977. Annuals of the Association of American Geographers. 67:17-27
  • A Study of the Herbaceous Flora and Environment of Sugarloaf Valley in Relation to Two Naturally Ignited Fires. E.A. Sheekey. 1977. Unpublished Senior Thesis submitted to Univ. Calif., Santa Cruz. 43 pp.
  • 1978 (back to 1970s)

  • Fire and Fuel Dynamics of Sierra Nevada Conifers. (Acrobat PDF file - 2.27 MB) Agee, J. K., R. H. Wakimoto, and H. H. Biswell. 1978. Forest Ecology and Management 1:255-265.
  • Fire and Fuel Accumulation in a Giant Sequoia Forest. (Acrobat PDF file - 465 kb) D.J. Parsons. 1978. Journal of Forestry 76:104-105. Abstract
  • Natural Fire Regimes and Fire Management - Foundations for Direction. R.W. Sando. 1978. Western Wildlands 4(4):34-44.
  • An Analysis of Vegetation Management to Restore the Structure and Function of Presettlement Giant Sequoia-Mixed Conifer Forest Mosaics. T.M. Bonnicksen and E.C. Stone. 1978. Final report to NPS, Sequoia 7 Kings Canyon National Parks, 159 pp.
  • Fire History of Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks. J.M. Greenlee, G. Wilcox and B. Dau. 1978. Report for USDI, Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks, Three Rivers, Contract px-8550-7-1559, 52 pp. + appendix.
  • Wilderness Fire Management in Yosemite National Park. J.W. van Wagtendonk. 1978. pp. 324-335. In: E.A. Schofield (ed.) EARTHCARE: Global Protection of Natural Areas. Westview Press, Boulder, CO. 838 pp.
  • Response of bird and mammal populations to fire in chaparral. W. Longhurst. 1978. Calif. Agri. 32:9-12.
  • Vegetation changes in Sequoia National Park, California. J.L. Vankat and J. Major. 1978. Journal of Biogeography, 5:377-402.
  • 1979 (back to 1970s)

  • Fire History of a Sequoia-Mixed Conifer Forest. (Acrobat PDF file - 582kb) B.M. Kilgore and D. Taylor. 1979. Ecology 60:129-142. Abstract
  • Impact of Fire Suppression on a Mixed-Conifer Forest. D.J. Parsons and S.H. DeBenedetti. 1979. Forest Ecology 2:21-33.
  • Structural Changes in Chamise (Adenostoma fasciculatum) Along a Fire-Induced Age Gradient. P.W. Rundel and D.J. Parsons. 1979. Journal of Range Management 32(6): 462-466.
  • Recommendations for a Management Plan for Prescribed Burning and Natural Fire in the Chaparral Ecosystems of Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks. J.M. Greenlee. 1979. Report for NPS Sequoia & Kings Canypon National Parks by Fire and Land Management Enterprises. 41 pp + appendix.
  • The Influence of Prescribed Fires on Water-Repellency of Mixed Conifer Forest Floor. J.K. Agee. 1979. pp. 695-701. In: Proceedings of the First Conference of Scientific in the National Parks. NPS Transactions and Proceedings No. 5, Vol. 2.
  • Effects of fire on small mammals in the chaparral. R.D. Quinn. 1979. Cal-Neva Wildlife Transactions 1979:125-133.
  • Effects of fire on birds in chaparral. Wirtz, W., II. 1979. Cal-Neva Wildlife Transactions 1979:114-124.
  • Natural fire in subalpine meadows: a case description from the Sierra Nevada. S.H. DeBenedetti and D.J. Parsons. 1979. J. For. 77:477-479.
  • Natural Fire in the Sierra Nevada, California. J.M. Greenlee, J. Villeponteaux, E.A. Sheekey, P.N. Omi, R. Greenberg, and M.K. Rubel. 1979. Unpublished report on file at Sequoia and Kings Canyon N.P., 60 pp.
  • Fire Management Plan, Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks. W.L. Bancroft and W.A. Partin. 1979. NPS, Three Rivers, CA. 154 pp.
  • Resource Management Model of Chaparral. P.W. Rundel. 1979. Unpublished report for Sequoia and Kings Canyon N.P., 45 pp.
  • 1980s

    (1981 - 1982 - 1983 - 1984 - 1985 - 1986 - 1987 - 1988 - 1989 - Science Heading)

    1980

  • The Giant Sequoia-Mixed Conifer Forest Community Characterization Through Pattern Analysis as a Mosaic of Aggregations. Bonnicksen, T.M. and E.C. Stone. 1980/1981. Forest Ecology and Management, 3:307-328.
  • Giant Sequoia Ecology. H.T. Harvey, H.S. Shellhammer, and R.E. Stecker. 1980. USDI NPS Sci. Mono. Ser. 12, 182 pp. Abstract
  • Fire History in the Yellow Pine Forest of Kings Canyon National Park. (Acrobat PDF file - 199kb) T. Warner. 1980. pp. 89-92. In: M.A. Stokes and J.H. Dieterich (tech. coord.) Proceedings of the Fire History Workshop. October 20-24, 1980, Tucson, Arizona USDA Forest Service General Technical Report GTR-RM-81. 142 pp
  • Response of Oaks to Fire. T.R. Plumb. 1980. pp. 202-215. In: T.R. Plumb (tech. Coord.). Proceedings of the Symposium on the: Ecology, Management, and Utilization of California Oaks, June 26-28, 1979, Claremont, California. USDA, For. Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-44. 368 pp.
  • Scientific Research in Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks: an Annotated Bibliography. D.J. Parsons and V.V. King. 1980. Sequoia Natural History Association, Three Rivers, CA 93271, April 1980, 70 pp. (contains a section with references on "fire ecology").
  • Nutrient changes in two chaparral shrubs along a fire-induced age gradient. P.W. Rundel and D.J. Parsons. 1980. Amer. J. Bot. 67:51-58.
  • Proceedings: 2nd Conference on Scientific Research in the National Parks: Proceedings of the Symposium, 26-30 November 1979; San Francisco, CA. Vol. 10. (-1980-WR-200)
    • Natural fire in the Sierra Nevada. J.M. Greenlee, E.V. Villeponteaux, E.A. Sheekey. 1980. In: 2nd Conference on Scientific Research in the National Parks: Proceedings of the Symposium, 26-30 November 1979; San Francisco, CA. 10:293-312.
    • The Yosemite and Sequoia-Kings Canyon Prescribed Natural Fire Programs, 1968-1978. S.J. Botti and T. Nichols. 1980. In: 2nd Conference on Scientific Research in the National Parks: Proceedings of the Symposium, 26-30 November 1979; San Francisco, CA. 10:46-63.
    • Establishment of vegetation following fire in a subalpine meadow of the southern Sierra Nevada: one year post burn. S.H. DeBenedetti. 1980. In: 2nd Conference on Scientific Research in the National Parks: Proceedings of the Symposium, 26-30 November 1979; San Francisco, CA. 10:325-336.
    • Fuel dynamics in two natural fires in Sequoia-Kings Canyon National Parks. P.N. Omi. 1980. In: 2nd Conference on Scientific Research in the National Parks: Proceedings of the Symposium, 26-30 November 1979; San Francisco, CA. 10:337-345.
    • Fire History in the Foothill Zone of Sequoia National Park . D.J. Parsons and R. P. Hedlund. 1980. In: Second Conference on Scientific Research in the National Parks, Nov. 26-30, 1979, San Francisco, CA. 10:104-118.
    • The Role of Shrub Structure and Chemistry in the Flammability of Chaparral Shrubs. P.W. Rundel, D.J. Parsons and G.A. Baker. 1980. In: Second Conference on Scientific Research in the National Parks, Nov. 26-30, 1979, San Francisco, CA. 10:248-260.
    • Reconstructing presettlement forests in National Parks: a new approach. T.M. Bonnckson and E.C. Stone. 1980. In: Second Conference on Scientific Research in the National Parks, Nov. 26-30, 1979, San Francisco, CA. 10:78-103.

    1981 (back to 1980s)

  • The Historical Role of Fire in the Foothill Communities of Sequoia National Park. (Acrobat PDF file - 36kb) D.J. Parsons. 1981. Madroño 28:111-120. Abstract
  • Fire Regimes and Ecosystem Properties: Proceedings of the Conference. H.A. Mooney, T.M. Bonnicksen, N.C. Christensen, J.E. Lotan, and W.E. Reimers (tech. coord.). 1981. Fire Regimes and Ecosystem Properties. USDA For. Service, GTR-WO-26. 594 pp.
    • Fire in Ecosystem Distribution and Structure: Western Forests and Shrublands. B.M. Kilgore. 1981. pp 58-89. In: H.A. Mooney, T.M. Bonnicksen, N.C. Christensen, J.E. Lotan, and W.E. Reimers (tech. coord.). Fire Regimes and Ecosystem Properties. USDA For. Service, GTR-WO-26. 594 pp.
    • The Role of Fire Management in Maintaining Natural Ecosystems. D.J. Parsons. 1981. pp. 469-488. In: H.A. Mooney , T.M. Bonnicksen, N.C. Christensen, J.E. Lotan, and W.E. Reimers (tech. coord.). Fire Regimes and Ecosystem Properties. USDA For. Service, GTR-WO-26. 594 pp.
  • Ecological Relationships of Quercus douglasii (Fagaceae) in the Foothill Zone of Sequoia National Park, California. G.A. Baker, P.W. Rundel, and D.J. Parsons. 1981. Madroño 28:1-12.
  • Fire in a subalpine meadow. D.J. Parsons. 1981. Fremontia 9:16-18.
  • The Ecological Effects of Fire on Stand Structure and Fuel Dynamics in Red Fir Forests of Mineral King, Sequoia National Park, California. D. Pitcher. M.S. Thesis, Univ. Calif. Berkeley, 168 pp.
  • Productivity and nutrient responses of Chamaebatia foliolosa (Rosaceae) to seasonal burning. P.W. Rundel, G.A. Baker, and D.J. Parsons. 1981. pp. 191-196. In: N. Margaris and H. Mooney (eds.) Components of Productivity of Mediterranean Climate Regions - Basic and Applies Aspects. W. Junk, The Hague.
  • 1982 (back to 1980s)

  • Fire Ecology: United States and Canada. H.A. Wright and A.W. Bailey. 1982. Wiley Interscience. 501 pp.
  • Reconstruction of a Presettlement Giant Sequoia-Mixed Conifer Forest Community Using the Aggregation Approach Bonnicksen, T.M. and E.C. Stone. 1982. Ecology 63:1134-1148.
  • Fire Management Programs in National Parks and Wilderness. B.M. Kilgore. 1982. pp. 61-91. In: J. Lotan ed. Fire:Its Field Effects: Proceedings of the Symposium; 20-22 October 1982; Jackson, WY. Missoula, MT: Intermountain Fire Council.
  • Impact of Prescribed Burning on Small Mammal Populations in Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks, California. M. During. 1982. MS Thesis. Calif. State Univ., Fresno. 42 pp.
  • Proceedings of the Symposium on Dynamics and Management of Mediterranean-Type Ecosystems, June 22-26, 1981, San Diego, Calif. C.E. Conrad and W.C. Oechel (tech. coord.). 1982. USDA For. Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-58, 637 pp.
    • Postfire Recovery of Chamise Chaparral in Sequoia National Park, California. G.A. Baker, R.W. Rundel, and D.J. Parsons. 1982. pp. 584-585. In: C.E. Conrad and W.C. Oechel (tech. coord.). Proceedings of the Symposium on Dynamics and Management of Mediterranean-Type Ecosystems, June 22-26, 1981, San Diego, Calif. USDA For. Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-58, 637 pp.
    • Effects of Fire on Certain Physical Properties of Selected Chaparral Soils. D.M. Duriscoe and W.G. Wells. 1982. pp. 594. In: C.E. Conrad and W.C. Oechel (tech. coord.). Proceedings of the Symposium on Dynamics and Management of Mediterranean-Type Ecosystems, June 22-26, 1981, San Diego, Calif. USDA For. Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-58, 637 pp.
    • Fire History of the Santa Monica Mountains. K.W. Raktke, A.M. Arndt and R.H. Wakimoto. 1982. pp 438-443. In: C.E. Conrad and W.C. Oechel. Proceedings of the Symposium on: Dynamics and Management of Mediterranean-Type Ecosystems, June 22-26, 1981, San Diego, California. USDA, For. Serv., Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-58. 637 pp.
    • Fire Management and Vegetation Effects in Mediterranean-Type Ecosystems: A Summary and Synthesis. (Acrobat PDF 25kb) D.J. Parsons, 1982. pp. 472-474. In: C.E. Conrad and W.C. Oechel. Proceedings of the Symposium on: Dynamics and Management of Mediterranean-Type Ecosystems, June 22-26, 1981, San Diego, California. USDA, For. Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-58. 637 pp.
    • Post-fire community structure of birds and rodents in southern California chaparral. Wirtz, W., II. 1982. pp 241-246. In: Conrad, C.; Oechel, W., eds. Dynamics and management of Mediterranean-type ecosystems. Gen. Tech. Rep. GTR-PSW-58. Forest Service, U.S.D.A.
    • Successional dynamics of chamise chaparral: the interface of basic research and management. P.W. Rundel. 1982. pp 86-90. In: Conrad, C.; Oechel, W., eds. Dynamics and management of Mediterranean-type ecosystems. Gen. Tech. Rep. GTR-PSW-58. Forest Service, U.S.D.A.
  • A foliage moisture sampling program for the foothill chaparral of Sequoia National Park. D.J. Parsons. 1982. Unpublished report NPS, Sequoia and Kings Canyon N.P. 13 pp.
  • Post-fire succession of white fir in the northern Sierra Nevada. S.G. Conrard and S.R. Radosevich. 1982. Madroño 29:42-56.
  • 1983 (back to 1980s)

  • Impact of fire on nutrient cycles in Mediterranean-type ecosystems with reference to chaparral. P.W. Rundel. 1983. pp. 192-207. In: F.J. Kruger, D.T. Mitchell, and J.U.M. Jarvis (eds.) Mediterranean-Type Ecosystems: The Role of Nutrients. Springer-Verlag, New York, NY.
  • 1984 (back to 1980s)

  • A Process Model of Fire Ecology and Succession in a Mixed-Conifer Forest. J.R. Kerscher and M.C. Axelrod. 1984. Ecology 65:1735-1742
  • Postfire Succession in a Sierran Subalpine Meadow. (Acrobat PDF 737kb) S.H. DeBenedetti and D.J. Parsons. 1984. Amer. Midl. Nat. 111(1): 118-125.
  • Effects of Prescribed Fire on Annual Grasslands in Sequoia National Park. D.J. Parson and S. Debenedetti. 1984. Abstract Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America 65(2):258.
  • Post-fire uptake of nutrients by diverse ephemeral herbs in chamise chaparral. P.W. Rundel and D.J. Parsons. 1984. Oecologia 61:285-288.
  • Fire Management Plan. Sequoia and Kings Canyon N.P., NPS, Three Rivers, CA, 215 pp.
  • Population structure of Adenostoma fasiculatum in mature stands of chamise chaparral in the southern Sierra Nevada, California. T.J. Stohlgren, D.J. Parsons, and P.W. Rundel. 1984. Oecologia 64:87-91.
  • 1985 (back to 1980s)

  • Proceedings Symposium and Workshop on Wilderness Fire. 15-18 November 1983, Missoula, Montana. J.F. Lotan, B.M. Kilgore, W.C. Fischer, and R.F. Mutch, editors. 1985. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report INT-182.
    • Fire Suppression Effects on Fuels and Succession in Short-Fire Interval Wilderness Ecosystems. van Wagtendonk, J.W. 1985. pp. 119-126. In: J.F. Lotan, B.M. Kilgore, W.C. Fischer, and R.F. Mutch (editors). Proceedings Symposium and Workshop on Wilderness Fire. 15-18 November 1983, Missoula, Montana. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report INT-182. 434 pp.
    • Information Needs for Natural Fire Management Planning. (Acrobat PDF file - 44kb) D. Parsons, L. Bancroft, T. Nichols, and T. Stohlgren. 1985. pp. 356-359. In: J.F. Lotan, B.M. Kilgore, W.C. Fischer, and R.F. Mutch, editors. Proceedings Symposium and Workshop on Wilderness Fire. 15-18 November 1983, Missoula, Montana. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report INT-182.
    • What is 'Natural' in Wilderness Fire Management? B.M. Kilgore. 1985. pp. 57-67 In: J.F. Lotan, B.M. Kilgore, W.C. Fischer, and R.F. Mutch, editors. Proceedings Symposium and Workshop on Wilderness Fire. 15-18 November 1983, Missoula, Montana. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report INT-182.
    • Coevolution of National Park Service Fire Policy and the Role of National Parks. (Acrobat PDF file - 41kb) D.M. Graber. 1985. Pages 345-349. In: J.F. Lotan, B.M. Kilgore, W.C. Fischer, and R.F. Mutch, editors. Proceedings Symposium and Workshop on Wilderness Fire. 15-18 November 1983, Missoula, Montana. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report INT-182. 434 pp
    • General Patterns of Lightning Ignitions in Sequoia National Park, California. (Acrobat PDF file - 42kb) J.L. Vankat. 1985. pp. 408-411. In: J.F. Lotan, B.M. Kilgore, W.C. Fischer, and R.F. Mutch, editors. Proceedings Symposium and Workshop on Wilderness Fire. 15-18 November 1983, Missoula, Montana. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report INT-182. 434 pp
    • Evolution of the Natural Fire Program at Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks. (Acrobat PDF file - 39kb) W.L. Bancroft, H.T. Nichols, D.J. Parsons, D.G. Graber, Q.B. Evison, and J. van Wagtendonk. 1985. pp. 174-180 In: J.E. Lotan, B.M. Kilgore, W.C. Fischer, and R.W. Mutch (tech. coord.) Proceedings Symposium and Workshop on Wilderness Fire. 15-18 November 1983, Missoula, Montana. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report INT-182. 434 pp
    • Prescribed Fire Monitoring in Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks. (Acrobat PDF file - 30kb) D.M. Ewell and N.T. Nichols. 1985. pp. 327-330. In: J.E. Lotan, B.M. Kilgore, W.C. Fischer, and R.W. Mutch (tech. coord.) Proceedings Symposium and Workshop on Wilderness Fire. 15-18 November 1983, Missoula, Montana. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report INT-182. 434 pp
    • Fire-Caused Mortality in Chamise Chaparral. T.J. Stohlgren. 1985. pp. 385-387. In: J.E. Lotan, B.M. Kilgore, W.C. Fischer, and R.W. Mutch (tech. coord.) Proceedings Symposium and Workshop on Wilderness Fire. 15-18 November 1983, Missoula, Montana. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report INT-182. 434 pp
    • Giant Sequoia Fire History. (Acrobat PDF file - 5kb) T. Warner. 1985. p. 415. In: J.E. Lotan, B.M. Kilgore, W.C. Fischer, and R.W. Mutch (tech. coord.) Proceedings Symposium and Workshop on Wilderness Fire. 15-18 November 1983, Missoula, Montana. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report INT-182. 434 pp
    • Ecological information necessary for park and wilderness fire management planning. T.M. Bonnickson. 1985. pp. 168-173. In: J.E. Lotan, B.M. Kilgore, W.C. Fischer, and R.W. Mutch (tech. coord.) Proceedings Symposium and Workshop on Wilderness Fire. 15-18 November 1983, Missoula, Montana. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report INT-182. 434 pp
  • Forest History of Sequoia Park - Feasibility Study. M.B. Davis. 1985. Report to NPS, Sequoia and Kings Canyon NP, June 26, 1985.
  • Post-fire demography of resprouting and seedling establishment by Adenostoma fasciculatum. P.W. Rundel, G.A. Baker, D.J. Parsons, and T.J. Stohlgrenn. 1985. In: F. Catarino (ed.) Plant Response to Stress - Functional Analysis in Mediterranean-ytpe Ecosystems. Springer-Verlag, New York, NY.
  • Restoring naturalness to national parks. T.M. Bonnickson and E.C. Stone. 1985. Envir. Manage. 9:479-486.
  • Evaluating the effects of air pollution and fire on tree growth by tree ring analysis. D.L. Peterson. 1985. pp 124-131. In: Proceedings - 8th Conference on Fire and Forest Meteorology. Soc. Amer. For.
  • Forest history of Sequoia National Park - feasibility study. M.B. Davis. 1985. Final contract to NPS, Sequoia and Kings Canyon N.P., 14 pp.
  • 1986 (back to 1980s)

  • Natural Fire Management in National Parks. Parsons, D. S., D. M. Graber, J. K. Agee, and S. W. van Wagtendonk. 1986. Environmental Management 10:21-24.
  • Management of Giant Sequoia in the National Parks of the Sierra Nevada, California. D.J. Parsons and H.T. Nichols. 1986. pp. 26-29. In: C. P. Weatherspoon, Y.R. Iwamoto, and D.D. Piirto (tech. coord.) Proceedings of the Workshop on Management of Giant Sequoia, May 24-25, 1985, Reedley, California USDA For. Serv. General Technical Report PSW-95.
  • Long Term Chaparral Research in Sequoia National Park. D.J. Parsons and T.J. Stohlgren. 1986. pp. 107-114. In: J.J. Devries(editor). Proceedings of the Chaparral Ecosystems Research Conference; 1985 May 16-17; Santa Barbara, California. Report Number 2. Davis, California, University of California.
  • The Role of Fire in the Yosemite Wilderness. J.W. van Wagtendonk. 1986. pp. 2-9 In: R.C. Lucas (ed.) Proceedings of the National Wilderness Research Conference: Current Research. USDA Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station, Ogden, UT. GTR-INT-212. 553 pp.
  • Persistence of Lodgepole Pine Forests in the Central Sierra Nevada. Parker, A. J. 1986. Ecology 67:1560-67.
  • Scientific Research in Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks: an Annotated Bibliography, Updated: 1980-1986. D,J. Parsons and P.K. Haggerty. 1986. NPS, Western Regional Office, San Francisco, CA 94102, 51 pp.
  • 1987 (back to 1980s)

  • Fire History and Age Structure in Red Fir Forests of Sequoia National Park, California. D.C. Pitcher. 1987. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 17:582-587.
  • Issues Concerning Native American Use of Fire: A Literature Review. K. Roper-Wickstrom. 1987. Yosemite Research Center, Publications in Anthropology No. 6. 68 pp.
  • Coarse Woody Debris in Mixed Conifer Forests, Sequoia National Park. M.E. Harmon, K. Cromack jr, and G. Bradley Canadian Journal of Forest Research 17: 1265-1272
  • Review of Fire Management Program for Sequoia-Mixed Conifer Forests of Yosemite, Sequoia, and Kings Canyon National Parks. (Acrobat PDF file - 178kb) N.L. Christensen, L. Cotton, T. Harvey, R. Martin, J. McBride, P. Rundel, and R. Wakimoto. 1987. Report on file Ash Mountain Headquarters, Sequoia-Kings Canyon National Parks. 37 pp.
  • Chaparral Studies at Sequoia Provide Management Insights. D.J. Parsons. 1987. Park Science 7:23.
  • Visual Impacts of Prescribed Burning on Mixed Conifer and Giant Sequoia Forests. L. Cotton and J. McBride. 1987. pp. 32-37 In: J. Davis and R. Martin (eds.). Proceedings of the Symposium on Wildland Fire 2000, 27-20 April. South Lake Tahoe, CA. USDA For. Serv. PSWFRES.\
  • Fuel Accumulation Rates After Prescribed Fires in Yosemite National Park. J.W. van Wagtendonk and C. Sydoriak. 1987. Ninth Conference on Fire and Forest Meteorology (preprint volume). pp 101-105.
  • Vegetation Management Plan: Development Zone, Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks. 1987. USDI NPS Sequoia & Kings Canyon N.P. 140 pp.
  • 1988 (back to 1980s)

  • Giant Sequoia Mortality in Burned and Unburned Stands: Does Prescribed Burning Significantly Affect Mortality Rates? Lambert, S. and T.J. Stolilgren. 1988. Journal of Forestry 86: 44-46
  • Visitor Perception of NPS Fire Management in Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks: Results of a Survey Conducted Summer. J. Quinn. 1988. Unpublished report on file Ash Mountain Library, Sequoia-Kings Canyon National Parks. 109 pp.
  • The Giant Sequoia Fire Controversy: A Case Study of the Role of Science in Natural Ecosystem Management. D.J. Parsons. 1988. In: Third Biennial Conference of research in California's National Parks, National Park Service Transactions and Proceedings Series
  • Stand Structure in Subalpine Forests of Yosemite National Park, California. Parker, A.J. 1988. For. Sci. 34:1047-1058.
  • Comparison of Fire History Estimates Between Open-scarred and Intact Quercus douglasii. M.P. McClaran. 1988. American Midland Naturalist 120:432-435.

    1989 (back to 1980s)

  • Fire Behavior, Fuel Consumption and Forest-Floor Changes Folling Prescribed Understory Fires in Sierra Nevada Mixed Conifer Forests. J.B. Kauffman and R.E. Martin. 1989. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 19:455-462
  • Prescribed Fire Review Sparks Studies of Giant Sequoia-Fire Interactions. (Acrobat PDF file - 797kb) D.J. Parsons. 1989. Park Science 9:19
  • Prescribed Burning in California Wildlands Vegetation Management. H.H. Biswell. 1989. Berkeley, Univ. of Calif. Press.
  • Effects of Varying Fire Regimes on Annual Grasslands in the Sierra Nevada of California. (Acrobat PDF file - 179kb) D.J. Parsons and T.J. Stohlgren. 1989. Madroño 36:154-168.
  • Fire Gods and Federal Policy. T.M. Bonnicksen. 1989. American Forests 95: 14-16, 66-68. (see reply by Stephenson et al. 1990)
  • Fire Related Recruitment in Stagnant Quercus douglasii Populations. M.P. McClaran and J.W. Bartolome. 1989. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 19:580-585.
  • Managing Fire in Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks. H.T. Nichols. 1989. Fremontia 16:11-14.
  • 1990s

    (1991 - 1992 - 1993 - 1994 - 1995 - 1996 - 1997 - 1998 - 1999 - Science Heading)

    1990

  • Restoring Fire to the Sierra Nevada Mixed Conifer Forest: Reconciling Science, Policy, and Practicality. Parsons, D. J. 1990. Pages 271-279 In: H.G. Hughes and T.M. Bonnicksen, editors. Proceedings of the First Annual Meeting of the Society for Ecological Restoration. University of Wisconsin, Madison, USA.
  • Fire and the Environment: Ecological and Cultural Perspectives. 1990. In: S. Nodvin and T. Waldrop (eds.). Proceedings of an International Symposium. Knoxville, Tennessee. March 20-24, 1990 Southeastern Forest Experiment Station General Technical Report GTR-SE-69. 434 pp.
  • Replies From the Fire Gods. N.L. Stephenson, D. J. Parsons, and H. T. Nichols. 1990. American Forests 96:35,70. (reply to Bonnicksen 1989)
  • Effects of Fire History on Forest Age Structure in Sequoia-Mixed Conifer Forests. N.L. Stephenson, D.J. Parsons, and T.W. Swetnam. 1990. Abstract Bull. Ecol. Soc. Amer. 71:336.
  • Late Holocene Fire and Climate Variability in Giant Sequoia Groves. T.W. Swetnam, C.H. Baisan, P.M. Brown, A.C. Caprio, and R. Touchan. 1990. Abstract Bull. Ecol. Soc. Amer. 71:342.
  • The Giant Sequoia Fire Controversy: the Role of Science in Natural Ecosystem Management. Parsons, D.J. 1990. pp. 257-268. In: Proceedings of the 3rd Biennial Conference on Research in California's National Parks. U.S.D.I. National Park Service Transactions and Proceedings Series No. 8.
  • Sprouting Shrub Response to Different Seasons and Fuel Consumption Levels of Prescribed Fire in Sierra Nevada Mixed Conifer Ecosystems. J.B. Kauffman and R.E. Martin. 1990. Forest Science 36:748-764
  • Giant Sequoia Fire History in Mariposa Grove, Yosemite National Park. (Acrobat PDF file - 99kb) T.W. Swetnam, R. Touchan, C.H. Baisan, A.C. Caprio, and P.M. Brown. 1990. pp. 249-253. Yosemite Centennial Symposium Proceedings - Natural Areas and Yosemite: Prospects for the Future, A Global Issues Symposium Joining the 17th Annual Natural Areas Conference with the Yosemite Centennial Celebration Oct. 13-20, 1990. 667 pp. Abstract
  • Implications of National Park Service Fire Management Policies for the Status of Sensitive Plant Species. (Acrobat PDF file - 17kb) S. DeBenedetti. 1990. pp. 369-372. Yosemite Centennial Symposium Proceedings - A Global Issues Symposium Joining the 17th Annual Natural Areas Conferene with the Yosemite Centennial Celebration Oct. 13-20, 1990. 667 pp.
  • Prescribed fire and visual resources in Sequoia National Park. K. Dawson and S. Greco. 1990. (pp. 192-201) In: S. Nodvin and T. Waldrop (eds.). Proceedings of an International Symposium. Knoxville, Tennessee. March 20-24, 1990 Southeastern Forest Experiment Station General Technical Report GTR-SE-69. 434p
  • Blue oak regeneration in the Tehachapi Mountains. Mensing, S. 1990. Fremontia 18:38-41.
  • Challenge of the Big Trees: A Resource History of Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks. L.M. Dilsaver and W. Tweed. 1990. Sequoia Natural History Association (distributed by University of Arizona Press.) 379 pp.
  • 1991 (back to 1990s)

  • Fire Effects in Blue Oak Woodland. P.K. Haggerty. 1991. pp. 342-344. Proceedings of the Symposium on Oak Woodlands and Hardwood Rangeland Management USDA For. Serv. PSWFRES Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-126.
  • Fire effects in blue oak (Quercus douglasii) woodland in the southern Sierra Nevada, California. P.K. Haggerty. 1991. Davis: University of California; M.S. thesis.
  • Restoring Natural Fire to the Sequoia-Mixed Conifer Forest: Should Intense Fire Play a Role. (Acrobat PDF file - 190kb) N.S. Stephenson, D.J. Parsons, and T.W. Swetnam. 1991. Proc. 17th Tall Timbers Fire Ecology Conference, May 18-21, 1989: High Intensity Fire in Wildlands: Management Challenges and Options. pp.321-337.
  • Regional Fire History from Dendrochronology. T.W. Swetnam, A.C. Caprio, C.H. Baisan, and P.M. Brown. 1991. Proc. 17th Tall Timbers Fire Ecology Conference, May 18-21, 1989: High Intensity Fire in Wildlands: Management Challenges and Options. p. 419
  • Fire Effects on California Chaparral Systems: An Overview. S.C. Barro and S.G. Conrad. 1991. Environment International 76:135-149.
  • Planning for Climate Change in National Parks and Other Natural Areas. D.J. Parsons. 1991. The Northwest Environmental Journal 7:255-269.
  • Climate, Fire, and Late Quaternary Vegetation Changes in the Central Sierra Nevada. E.G. Edlund and R. Byrne. 1991 (pp. 390-396). In: S.S. Nodvin and T.A. Waldrop. Fire and the Environment: Ecological and Cultural Perspectives. USDA Forest Service, Southeast Forest Experiment Station, Ashville, NC.
  • GIS Applications in Fire Management Research. J.W. van Wagtendonk. 1991. pp. 212-214. In: S.C. Nodvin and T.A. Waldrop (tech. coord.). Fire and the Environment: Ecological and Cultural Perspectives: Proceedings of an International Symposium. USDA For. Serv., SE For. Exp. Sta., GTR-SE-69.
  • Spatial Analysis of Lightning Strikes in Yosemite National Park. J.W. van Wagtendonk. 1991. pp. 605-611 In: P. Andrews and D.F. Potts (eds.) Proceedings of the 11th Conference on Fire and Forest Meteorology, Apr. 16-19, Missoula, MT. Society of American Foresters, Bethesda, MD. 616 pp.
  • Forest Age Structure, Species Composition, and Fire Disturbance in the Southern Sierra Nevada Subalpine Zone. M. Keifer. 1991. Masters Thesis, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona. 111 pp.
  • Forest age structure, species composition, and fire disturbances in the southern Sierra Nevada subalpine zone. M. Keifer. 1991. Unpublished report submitted to the Sequoia Natural History Association. University of Arizona, Laboratory of Tree-Ring Research, Tucson.
  • Vegetation Change in Yosemite Valley, Yosemite National Park, California, During the Protohistoric Period. R.S. Anderson and S.L. Carpenter. 1991. Madroño 38:1-13.
  • 1992 (back to 1990s)

  • Tree-Ring Reconstruction of Giant Sequoia Fire Regimes. Swetnam, T. W., C. H. Baisan, A. C. Caprio, R. Touchan, and P. M. Brown. 1992. Final report on Cooperative Agreement No. DOI 80181-0002 to National Park Service, Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks, California. 173 pp.
  • Biological and Management Implications of Fire/Pathogen Interactions in the Giant Sequoia Ecosystem; Fire Scar/Pathogen Studies. K.I. Piper. 1992. M.S. Thesis, California State Polytechnic University, San Luis Obispo. 316 pages
  • Biological and Management Implications of Fire/Pathogen Interactions in the Giant Sequoia Ecosystem: Part I--Fire Scar/Pathogen Studies. D.D. Piirto, K.L. Piper, and J.R. Parameter. 1992. Final report to NPS, Coop. Agreement No. 8000-8-0005 with California Polytechnic State Univ., San Luis Obispo, Calif., 316 pp.
  • Biological and Management Implications of Fire/Pathogen Interactions in the Giant Sequoia Ecosystem: Part II--Pathogenicity and Genetics of Heterobasidion annosum. D.D. Piirto, F.W. Cobb, A.C. Workinger, W.J. Otrosina, J.R. Parameter, and T.E. Chase. 1992. Final report to NPS, Coop. Agreement No. 8000-8-0005 with California Polytechnic State Univ., San Luis Obispo, Calif., 33 pp.
  • Soil Temperatures Related to Prescribed Burning in Ponderosa Pine Stands in Yosemite Valley that Included California Black Oak. S.S. Sackett, S.M. Haase, and G.M. Burke. pp. 144-146. In: P.F. Ffolliott, G.J. Gottfried, D.A. Bennett, V.M. Hernandez C., A. Ortega-Rubio, and R.H. Hamre (tech. Coord.). Ecology and Managament of Oak and Associated Woodlands: Perspectives in the Southwestern United States and Northern Mexico. April 27-30, 1992 Sierra Vista, Arizona. USDA For. Serv. GTR-RM-218. 224 pp.
  • Changes in Soil Properties Along a Post-Fire Chronosequence in a Sequoia-Mixed Conifer Forest in Sequoia National Park, California. Gebauer, S. B. 1992. M.S. thesis, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina
  • Historical Perspectives on Forests of the Sierra Nevada and the Transverse Ranges of Southern California: Forest Conditions at the Turn of the Century. (Acrobat PDF file - 2.1 MB) K.S. McKelvey and J.D. Johnston. 1992. USDA FS Gen. tech. rep. PSW-GTR-133.
  • Fire and Fuels Management in Relation to Owl Habitat in Forests of the Sierra Nevada and Southern California. (Acrobat PDF file - 1.7 MB) C.P. Weatherspoon, S.J. Husari, and J.W. van Wagtendonk. 1992. USDA FS Gen. tech. rep. PSW-GTR-133.
  • Aspects of Fire and Ozone Stress to Ponderosa and Jeffrey Pines-- A Review of Concepts and Methods. S.L. Graben and D.M. Duriscoe. 1992. Unpublished Report Eridas Research Assoc., Three Rivers, CA to USDI NPS Air Quality Div., Denver CO. 28pp.
  • Survival of Quercus douglasii (Fagaceae) seedlings under the influence of fire and grazing. Allen-Diaz, B.H., and J.W. Bartolome. 1992. Madroño 39:47-53
  • The impact of European settlement on blue oak (Quercus douglasii) regeneration and recruitment in the Tehachapi Mountains, California. Mensing, S. A. 1992. Madroño 39:36-46.
  • Long-term dynamics of the southern Sierra Nevada subalpine forest: the role of fire disturbance and climate. Keifer, M. 1992. Abstract in Supplement to the Ecological Society of America Bulletin, 73(2):228.
  • 1993 (back to 1990s)

  • Fire History and Climate Change in Giant Sequoia Groves. (Acrobat PDF file - 770 kb) T.W. Swetnam. 1993. Science 262:885-889. Abstract
  • Fire Ecology of Pacific Northwest Forests. J.K. Agee. 1993. Island Press, Washington, DC. 494 pp.
  • Mortality and Resprouting of Quercus douglassii Following Fire in Southern Sierra Nevada Oak Woodlands. P.K. Haggerty. 1993. Abstract Bull. Ecol. Soc. Amer. 74:262.
  • Indian Fire-Based Management in the Sequoia-Mixed Conifer Forests of the Central and Southern Sierra Nevada. M.K. Anderson. 1993. Ph.D. Dissertation, Univ. of Calif., Berkeley 441 pp.
  • 1994 (back to 1990s)

  • Objects or Ecosystems? Giant Sequoia Management in National Parks. D. Parsons, 1994. Proceedings of the Symposium on Giant Sequoias: Their Place in the Ecosystem and Society 1992 June 23-25, Visalia, CA, USDA For. Serv. Gen Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-151.
  • Long-Term Dynamics of Giant Sequoia Populations: Implications for Managing a Pioneer Species. N.L. Stephenson. 1994. Pages 56-63 In: P.S. Aune, technical coordinator. Proceedings of the Symposium on Giant Sequoias: Their Place in the Ecosystem and Society 1992 June 23-25, Visalia, CA, USDA For. Serv. Gen Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-151.
  • Solution Chemistry Profiles of Mixed-Conifer Forests Before and After Fire. (Acrobat PDF 574kb) J. Chorover, P.M. Vitousek, D.A. Everson, A.M. Esperanza, and D. Turner. 1994. Biogeochemistry 26:115-144.
  • Anthropogenic and Natural Disturbance and Patterns of Mortality in a Mixed Conifer Forest Stand in California. M. Savage. 1994. Can. J. For. Res. 24:1149-1159
  • Temporal and Spatial Patterns of Giant Sequoia Radial Growth Response to a High Severity Fire in A.D. 1297. (Acrobat PDF file - 795kb) A.C. Caprio, L.S. Mutch, T.W. Swetnam, and C.H. Baisan. 1994. Contract report to the California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection, Mountain Home State Forest. Abstract
  • Growth Responses of Giant Sequoia to Fire and Climate in Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks, California. L.S. Mutch. 1994. MS Thesis, The University of Arizona. Abstract & Summary
  • Fighting Fire with Prescribed Fire-a Return to Ecosystem Health. R.W. Mutch. 1994. J. For. 92(11):31-33.
  • The Visual Ecology of Prescribed Fire in Sequoia National Park. K.J. Dawson and S.E. Greco. 1994. pp. 99-108. In: P.S. Aune (tech. coord.) Proceedings of the Symposium on Giant Sequoias: their Place in the Ecosystem and Society, June 23-25, 1992, Visalia, Calif.. USDA For. Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-151. 170 pp.
  • Spatial Patterns of Lightning Strikes and Fires in Yosemite National Park. J.W. van Wagtendonk. 1994. pp. 223-231 In: Proceedings of the 12th Conference on Fire and Forest Meteorology, Oct. 26-28, 1993, Jekyll Island, GA. Society of American Foresters, Bethesda, MD.
  • Damage and Recovery in Southern Sierra Nevada Foothill Oak Woodland After a Severe Ground Fire. P.K. Haggerty. 1994. Madroño 41(3):185-198
  • Resolute Biocentrism: Managing for Wilderness in National Parks. D.M. Graber. 1994. In: Soulé, Michael E. and Gary Lease (editors). Nature and Reality: Critiques of Prostmodernism Deconstruction. Island Press, Washington, D.C.
  • Effects of two millennia of changing climate and fire regimes on giant sequoia populations. N.L. Stephenson. 1994. Abstract for: Ecosystem Management and Restoration for the 21st Century, 21st Annual Natural Areas Conference, Oct. 19-22, 1994, Palm Beach Gardens, FL.
  • 1995 (back to 1990s)

  • Historic Fire Regimes Along an Elevational Gradient on the West Slope of the Sierra Nevada, California. (Acrobat PDF file - 725kb) A.C. Caprio and T.W. Swetnam. 1995. In: J.K. Brown, R.W. Mutch, C.W. Spoon, R.H. Wakimoto (tech. coord.) Proceedings: Symp. On Fire in Wilderness and Park Management. 1993 March 30-April 1; Missoula, MT, USDA For. Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-GTR-320. Abstract
  • Effects of Fire Severity and Climate on Ring-Width Growth of Giant Sequoia After Burning. (Acrobat PDF file - 112KB) L.S. Mutch and T.W. Swetnam. 1995. In: J.K. Brown, R.W. Mutch, C.W. Spoon, R.H. Wakimoto (tech. coord.) Proceedings: Symp. On Fire in Wilderness and Park Management. 1993 March 30-April 1; Missoula, MT. USDA For. Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-GTR-320.
  • Large Fires in Wilderness Areas. J.W. van Wagtendonk 1995. In: J.K. Brown, R.W. Mutch, C.W. Spoon, R.H. Wakimoto (tech. coord.) Proceedings: Symp. On Fire in Wilderness and Park Management. 1993 March 30-April 1; Missoula, MT, USDA For. Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-GTR-320.
  • A Comparison of Anthropogenic and Natural Edge-Creating Disturbances in the Mixed Conifer Forest of Southern Sierra Nevada, California. K.J. Lock 1995. MA Thesis, Univ. of Calif. Los Angeles. 137 pp.
  • Availability of Fire Resources and Funding for Prescribed natural Fire Programs. S.J. Botti and H.T. Nichols. 1995. Proceedings: Symp. On Fire in Wilderness and Park Management. 1993 March 30-April 1; Missoula, MT, USDA For. Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-GTR-320.
  • Fire Effects Monitoring in Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks. M. Keifer and P.M. Stanzler. 1995. Proceedings: Symp. On Fire in Wilderness and Park Management. 1993 March 30-April 1; Missoula, MT, USDA For. Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-GTR-320.
  • Fire Growth Modeling in the Sierra Nevada of California. M.A. Finney. 1995. Proceedings: Symp. On Fire in Wilderness and Park Management. 1993 March 30-April 1; Missoula, MT, USDA For. Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-GTR-320.
  • The Ecology of Fire. R.J. Whelan. 1995. Cambridge Studies in Ecology, Cambridge Univ. Press.Cambridge, UK. 346 pp.
  • Sixty Years of Change in Conifer Forest of the San Bernardino Mountains, California. R.A. Minnich, M.G. Barbour, J. Burk, and R. Fernoe. 1995. Conservation Biology 9:902-914.
  • Restoring Fire to Giant Sequoia Groves: What Have We Learned in 25 Years? Parsons, D. J. 1995. Pages 256-258 In: S.K. Brown, R.W. Mutch, C.W. Spoon, and R.H. Wakimoto, technical coordinators. Proceedings: symposium on fire in wilderness and park management, 30 March - 1 April 1993, Missoula, Montana. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report INT-GTR-320. Abstract
  • Fire and Fuel in a Sierra Nevada Ecosystems. J.W. van Wagtendon. 1995. In:Status and Trends of the Nation's Biological Resources. USGS
  • Effects of Prescribed and Simulated Fire and Forest History of Giant Sequoia (Sequoiadendron giganteum [Lindley Btichholz]) - Mixed Conifer Ecosystems of the Sierra Nevada, California. Stephens, S. L. 1995. Ph.D. dissertation, University of California, Berkeley, California, USA.
  • Regeneration Within Canopy Gaps in a Giant Sequoia-Mixed Conifer Forest: Implications for Forest Restoration. Demetry, A. 1995. M.S. thesis. Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, AZ.
  • Funding Fuels Management in the National Park Service: Costs and Benefits1. (Acrobat PDF file - 235kb) S.J. Botti. 1995. In: D.R. Weise and R.E. Martin (tech. coord.) Biswell Symposium: Fire Issues and Solutions in Urban Interface and Wildland Ecosystems, February 15-17, 1994, Walnut Creek, California.. USDA Forest Service Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-158.
  • The Biswell Symposium: Fire Issues and Solutions in Urban Interface and Wildland Ecosystems, February 15-17, 1994 Walnut Creek, California. D.R. Weise, R.E. Martin (Technical Coordinators). 1995. Contents (Acrobat PDF file - 300 kb) - Body (Acrobat PDF file - 1.9 MB). USDA Forest Service Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-158. 199 pp.
  • Dr. Biswell's influence on the development of prescribed burning in California. J.W. van Wagtendonk 1995. USDA Forest Service Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-158. 199 pp
  • Changes in stand density, species composition, and fuel load following prescribed fir in the southern Sierra Nevada mixed conifer forest. M. Keifer. 1995. Abstract, Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting, Snowbird, UT.
  • The Western Region Fire Monitoring Program - Long-term monitoring in fire-maintained ecosystems. Reeberg, P., M. Keifer, and T. LaBanca. 1995. In: R.M. Linn, ed., Sustainable Society and Protected Areas: Contributed Papers of the 8th Conference on Research and Resource Management in Parks and on Public Lands. The George Wright Society. Portland, OR. April 17-21, 1995.
  • 1996 (back to 1990s)

  • The Use of Fire in Forest Restoration C.C. Hardy and S.F. Arno. 1996. In: The Use of Fire in Forest Restoration. Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-GTR-341. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station. 86 p. Abstract
  • Restoration of Fire in National Parks D.J. Parsons and S.J. Botti. 1996 In: The Use of Fire in Forest Restoration. General Technical Report INT-GTR-341. Abstract
  • Fire and Plants W.J. Bond and B.W. van Wilgen. 1996.Chapman & Hall, London, UK. 263 pp.
  • Fire research and management in the Sierra Nevada National Parks. D.J. Parsons and J.W. van Wagtendonk. 1996. In: Halvorson, William L.; Davis, Gary E., eds. Science and Ecosystem Management in the National Parks. Tucson, AZ: The University of Arizona Press 281-294 pp. Abstract
  • Restoration as a component of ecosystem management for giant sequoia groves in California. D.G. Fullmer, R. R. Rogers, J. D. Manley, and N. L. Stephenson. 1996. Pp. 109-115 In: D. L. Peterson and C. V. Klimas (eds.), The Role of Restoration in Ecosystem Management. Society for Ecological Restoration, Madison, Wisconsin.
  • Ecology and Management of Giant Sequoia Groves. (Acrobat PDF file - 19.7MB) N.L. Stephenson 1996. Pages 1431-1467 In: Sierra Nevada Ecosystem Project: Final Report to Congress, Vol. II, Assessments and Scientific Basis for Management Options. Wildlands Resources Center Report No.37, Centers for Water and Wildlands Resources, University of California, Davis, California, USA. 1528 pp.
  • Physical Properties of Woody Fuel Particles of Sierra Nevada Conifers. J.W. van Wagtendonk, J.M. Benddict, and W.M. Sydoriak. 1996. International J. of Wildland Fire 6:117-123.
  • Sierra Nevada Ecosystem Project: Final Report to Congress. Wildlands Resources Center Report No.37, Centers for Water and Wildlands Resources, University of California, Davis, California, USA. 1528 pp.
    • Use of a Deterministic Fire Growth Model to Test Fuel Treatments. J.W. van Wagtendonk. 1996. pp. 1155-1166. In: Sierra Nevada Ecosystem Project: Final Report to Congress, Vol. II, Assessments and Scientific Basis for Management Options. Wildlands Resources Center Report No.37, Centers for Water and Wildlands Resources, University of California, Davis, California, USA.
    • Fire Regimes, Past and Present. Skinner, C.N. and C. Chang. 1996. pp. 1041-1069. In: Sierra Nevada Ecosystem Project, Final Report to Congress: Status of the Sierra Nevada, Vol. II, Assessments and Scientific Basis for Management Options. 1528 pp.
    • Ecosystem Responses to Fire and Variations in Fire Regimes. Chang, C. 1996. pp. 1071-1099. In: Sierra Nevada Ecosystem Project, Final Report to Congress: Status of the Sierra Nevada, Vol. II, Assessments and Scientific Basis for Management Options. 1528 pp.
    • Native American Land-Use Practices and Ecological Impacts. M.K. Anderson and M.J. Moratto. 1996. pp. 187-206. In: Sierra Nevada Ecosystem Project, Final Report to Congress: Status of the Sierra Nevada, Vol. II, Assessments and Scientific Basis for Management Options. 1528 pp.
    • Fire and Fuels. Chapter Four. 1996. pp. 61-71. In: Sierra Nevada Ecosystem Project, Final Report to Congress: Status of the Sierra Nevada,Volume I: Assessment Summaries and Management Strategies. 1528 pp.
  • Mineral King Risk Reduction Project Annual Report 1995: Research, Inventory and Monitoring. (Acrobat PDF file - 3.0 MB) A. Caprio (compiler). 1996. Science and Natural Resources Management, Sequoia & Kings Canyon National Parks, CA. 56 pp. (Also see the Fire Reports section of the Fire Information Cache where the report is broken into smaller sections)

    1997 (back to 1990s)

  • Fire Management and GIS: A Framework For Identifying and Prioritizing Fire Planning Needs. A.C. Caprio, C.M. Conover, M. Keifer, and P. Lineback. 1997. Proceedings of the 1997 ESRI Conference, San Diego, California.
  • The Sedimentary Record of Fire in Montane Meadows, Sierra Nevada, California, USA. R.S. Anderson and S.J. Smith. 1997. Pages 313-327. In: J.S. Clark et al. (eds.) Sediment Records of Biomass Burning and Global Change. NATO ASI Series, Vol. I 51. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
  • Effects of Prescribed Burning and Drought on the Solute Chemistry of Mixed-Conifer Forest Streams of the Sierra Nevada, California. M.R. Williams and J.M. Melack. 1997. Biogeochemistry 39:225-253.
  • Fire History of a Mixed Oak-Pine Forest in the Foothills of the Sierra Nevada, El Dorado County, California. S.L. Stephens. 1997. pp. 191-198. Symposium on Oak Woodlands: Ecology, Management, and Urban Interface Issues. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report-PSW GTR-160.
  • Mineral King Risk Reduction Project Annual Report 1996: Research, Inventory and Monitoring. (Acrobat PDF file - 6.1 MB) A. Caprio (compiler). 1997. Science and Natural Resources Management, Sequoia & Kings Canyon National Parks, CA. 75 pp. (Also see the Fire Reports section of the Fire Information Cache where report is broken into smaller sections)
  • Photo Series for Quantifying Fuels and Assessing Fire Risk in Giant Sequoia Groves. (Acrobat PDF file - 6.1 MB) D.R. Weise, A. Gelobter, S.M. Haase, and S.S. Sackett. 1997. USDA Forest Service Gen. Tech. Report PSW-GTR-163. 56 pp.
  • 1997 California Association of Fire Ecologist Symposium: Fire in California Ecosystems: Intergrating Ecology, Prevention and Management, San Diego, California, Nov. 17-20, 1997. - Fire papers from Sequoia & Kings Canyon N.P. (see 2002 proceedings)
    • Fire Management and GIS: a Framework for Identifying and Prioritizing Fire Planning Needs. A.C. Caprio, C. Conover, M. Keifer, P. Lineback, Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks
    • Pre-Twentieth Century Fire History of Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks: A Review and Evaluation of Our Knowledge. A.C. Caprio and P. Lineback, Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks
    • Beyond Initial Fuel Reduction in the Giant Sequoia-Mixed Conifer Forest: Where Do We Go From Here? M. Keifer and J. Manley, Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks
  • Factors affecting blue oak sapling recruitment and regeneration. Swiecki, T. J.; Bernhardt, Elizabeth A.; Drake, Christiana. 1997. pp 157-168. In: Proceedings, symposium on oak woodlands: ecology, management and urban interface issues. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-160. Albany, CA: Pacific Southwest Research Station, USDA Forest Service.
  • 1998 (back to 1990s)

  • Fire in ecosystem management: shifting the paradigm from suppression to prescription. Proceedings of the Tall Timbers Fire Ecology Conference, No. 20.. Teresa L. Pruden and Leonard A. Brennan (eds.). Tall Timbers Research Station, Tallahassee, FL. 460 pp.
  • Mixed Conifer Forest Mortality and Establishment Before and After Prescribed Fire in Sequoia National Park, California. (Acrobat PDF file - 191kb) L.S. Mutch and D.J. Parsons. 1998. Forest Science 44 (2); 341-355. Abstract
  • A Natural Disturbance Model for the Restoration of Giant Forest Village, Sequoia National Park. (Acrobat PDF file - 3,156 kb) Demetry, A. 1998. In: W.R. Keammerer and E.F. Redente, (eds.) In: Proceedings of High Altitude Revegetation Workshop, No. 13, pp.142-159. Fort Collins: Colorado Water Resources Research Institute, Information Series No. 89.
  • Forest Pattern, Surface Fire Regimes, and Climatic Change in the Sierra Nevada. California. C. Miller 1998. Ph.D. dissertation, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA. Abstract
  • Fuel Bed Characteristics of Sierra Nevada Conifers. J.W. van Wagtendonk, J.M. Benedict, and W.M. Sydoriak. 1998. W.J. Appl. For. 13:73-84
  • Heat Content Variations of Sierra Nevada Conifers. J.W. van Wagtendonk, W.M. Sydoriak, and J.M. Benedict. 1998. Int. J. Wildland Fire 8:147-158
  • Fire History Along Elevational Transects in the Sierra Nevada, California. T.W. Swetnam, C.H. Baisan, K. Morino, and A.C. Caprio. 1998. Final report to the Sierra Nevada Global Change Research Program by Univ. of Arizona, Laboratory of Tree-Ring Research. 176 pp.
  • The Myth of the Humanized Landscape: An Example from Yosemite National Park. T.R. Vale. 1998. Natural Areas Journal 18:231-236.
  • Effects of Fuels and Silvicultural Treatments on Potential Fire Behavior in Mixed Conifer Forests of the Sierra Nevada, CA. (Acrobat PDF file - 547 kb) S.L. Stephens. 1998. Forest Ecology and Management 105:21-34.
  • Sequoiadendron giganteum-Mixed Conifer Forest Structure in 1900-1901 from the Southern Sierra Nevada, CA. (Acrobat PDF file - 940 kb) S.L. Stephens and D. Elliott-Fisk. 1998. Madroño 3:221-230.
  • Mineral King Risk Reduction Project Annual Report 1997: Research, Inventory and Monitoring. (Acrobat PDF file - 7.8 MB) A. Caprio (compiler). 1998. Science and Natural Resources Management, Sequoia & Kings Canyon National Parks, CA. 91 pp. (Also see the Fire Reports section of the Fire Information Cache where the report is broken into smaller sections)
  • Mechanism of smoke-induced seed germination in a post-fire chaparral annual. Keeley, J.E. and C.J. Fotheringham. 1998. Journal of Ecology 86:27-36.
  • Smoke-induced seed germination in Californian chaparral. Keeley, J.E. and C.J. Fotheringham. 1998. Ecology 79:2320-2336.
  • Initial response of woodrats to prescribed burning in oak woodland. Vreeland, J.K.; Tietje, W.D. 1998. 1998 Transactions of the Western Section of the Wildlife Society 34: 21-31.
  • Forest composition, structure, and change in an old-growth mixed conifer forest in the northern Sierra Nevada. J.S. Ansley and J.J. Battles. 1998. J. Torrey Botanical Society, 125:297-308.
  • 1999 (back to 1990s)

  • A Model of Surface Fire, Climate, and Forest Pattern in the Sierra Nevada, California. (Acrobat PDF file - 367 kb) C. Miller and D. L. Urban. 1999. Ecological Modelling 1 14:113-135.
  • Interactions Between Forest Heterogeneity and Surface Fire Regimes in the Southern Sierra Nevada. C. Miller and D.L. Urban. 1999. Can. J. For. Res. 29: 202-212 Abstract
  • Forest Pattern, Fire, and Climatic Change in the Sierra Nevada. (Acrobat PDF file - 3,156 kb) C. Miller and D.L. Urban. 1999. Ecosystems 2:76-87
  • Reexaming Fire Suppression Impacts on Brushland Fire Regimes. J.E. Keeley, C.J. Fotheringham and M. Morais. 1999. Science 284:1829-1832. Link to USGS news release on this research.
  • Reversal of Human-Induced Vegetation Changes in Sequoia National Park, California. D.G. Roy and J.L. Vankat 1999. Can. J. For. Res. 29: 399-412 Abstract
  • Reference Conditions for Giant Sequoia Forest Restoration: Structure, Process and Precision (Acrobat PDF file - 202 kb) N.L. Stephenson. 1999. Ecological Applications Vol. 9, No. 4, pp. 1253-1265 Abstract
  • The Role of Climate Change in Interpreting Historical Variability. C.I. Millar and W.B. Woolfenden 1999. Ecological Applications Vol. 9, No. 4, pp. 1207-1216
  • An Analytical Approach for Assessing Cost-Effectiveness of Landscape Prescribed Fires. (Acrobat PDF file - 36 kb) P.N. Omi, D.B. Rideout, S.J. Botti. 1999. pp. 237-241. In: A. Gonzalez-Caban and P.N. Omi (tech. coord.) Proceedings of the Symposium on Fire Economics, Planning, and Policy: Bottom Lines; 1999 April 5-9; San Diego, CA. USDA Forest Service Pac. SW Research Station, PSW-GTR-173. 332 pp.
  • The National Park Service Wildland Fire Management Program. S.J. Botti. 1999. pp. 7-14. In: A. Gonzalez-Caban and P.N. Omi (tech. coord.). Proceedings of the Syposium on Fire Economics, Planning, and Policy: Bottom Lines. 1999 April 5-9, San Diego, CA. USDA Forest Service Pac. SW Research Station, PSW-GTR-173. 332 pp.
  • Giant Sequoia Regeneration in Group Selection Openings in the Southern Sierra Nevada. (Acrobat PDF file - 112 kb) S.L. Stephens, D. Dulitz, and R.E. Martin. 1999. Forest Ecology and Management 120:89-95.
  • Assessing the Effects of Fire Disturbance on Ecosystems: A Scientific Agenda for Research and Management. D.L. Schmoldt, D.L. Peterson, R.E. Keane, J.M. Lenihan, D. McKenzie, D.R. Weise, and D.V. Sandberg. 1999. USDA Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station, General Technical Report PNW-GTR-455, May 1999 Abstract
  • Temporal and Spatial Dynamics of Pre-Euroamerican Fire at a Watershed Scale, Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks. A. Caprio (in press). In: Proceedings of the Conference on Fire Management: Emerging Policies and New Paradigms. Nov. 16-19, 1999, San Diego, CA. Abstract (Proceeding published 2004 - see reference)
  • Reducing the Wildland Fire Threat to Homes: Where and How Much?. (Acrobat PDF file - 36 kb) J.D. Cohen. 1999. pp. 189-195. In: Symposium on Fire Economics, Policy, and Planning: Bottom Lines, April 5-9, 1999, San Diego, California. USDA Forest Service Gen.Tech.Rep. PSW-GTR-173.
  • Problem Evaluation and Recommendations: Invasive Cheatgrass (Bromus tectorum) in Cedar Grove, Kings Canyon National Park (Acrobat PDF file - 2.2 MB) A. Caprio, S. Haultain, M. Keifer, and J. Manley. June 7, 1999. Report on file, Science and Natural Resources Division, Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks, 47050 Generals Highway, Three Rivers, CA 93271. 19 pp.
  • Structural variability of a Sierra Nevadan forest analyzed in prelude to restoration by fire. Menning, K. M., J. J. Battles, T. M. Benning, and N. L. Stephenson. 1999. Abstracts, Annual Meeting of the Ecological Society of America, p. 107.
  • Variability in forest fire fuel loads across a montane valley with high variability in forest structure. Menning, K. M., T. L. Benning, J. J. Battles, and N. L. Stephenson. 1999. Proceedings of the 5th World Congress of the International Association of Landscape Ecology, p. 148.

    2000s

    (2001 - 2002 - 2003 - 2004 - 2005 - 2006 - 2007 - Science Heading)

    2000

  • Mineral King Risk Reduction Project Annual Report 1998: Research, Inventory and Monitoring. (Acrobat PDF file - 8.4 MB) A. Caprio (compiler). 2000. Science and Natural Resources Management, Sequoia & Kings Canyon National Parks, CA. 89 pp. (Also see the Fire Reports section of the Fire Information Cache where the report is broken into smaller sections)
  • Proceedings: Wilderness Science in a Time of Change-- Vol. 5 Wilderness Ecosystems, Threats, and Management; 1999 May 23-27; Missoula, MT. Cole, David N.; McCool, Stephen F.; Borrie, William T.; O'Loughlin, Jennifer (comps). 2000. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. Proceedings RMRS-P-15-VOL-5.
  • Modeling the Effects of Fire Management Alternatives on Sierra Nevada Mixed-Conifer Forests. C. Miller and D. Urban. 2000. Ecological Applications 10:85-94. Abstract
  • Incorporating a GIS Model of Ecological Need into Fire Management Planning. (Acrobat PDF file - 1.5 MB) M. Keifer, A.C. Caprio, P. Lineback, and K. Folger. 2000. Proceedings of the Joint Fire Science Conference and Workshop, Crossing the Millennium: Integrating Spatial Technologies and Ecological Principles for a New Age in Fire Management, June 14-16, 1999, Boise, ID.
  • Wildland Fire in Ecosystems: Effects of Fire on Fauna. J.K. Smith (ed.) 2000. Gen. Tech. Rep. RMRS-GTR-42-vol. 1. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. 83 p. Abstract
  • Fire Suppression and Drought Induced Mortality in Southern California Mixed-Conifer Forests. M. Savage. 2000. pp. 97-102. In: Keeley, J.E., M.Baer-Keeley, and C.J. Fotheringham (eds). 2nd Interface Between Ecology and Land Development in California. USGS Open-File Report 00-62.
  • Mixed Conifer and Upper Montane Forest Structure and Uses in 1899 from the Central and Northern Sierra Nevada, CA. (Acrobat PDF file - 955 kb) S.L. Stephens. 2000. Madroño 47:43-52.
  • Wildland Fire in Ecosystems: Effects of Fire on Flora. J.K. Brown and J.K. Smith (eds). 2000. Gen. Tech. Rep. RMRS-GTR-42-vol. 2. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. 257 pp. Abstract
  • Sierra Nevada Forest Dynamics: Pattern, Pace, and Mechanisms of Change - Annual Report for Fiscal Year 1999. (Acrobat PDF file - 6.7 MB) N.L. Stephenson and P.J. van Mantgem (compilers). 2000. U.S. Geological Survey, Western Ecological Research Center Sequoia and Kings Canyon Field Station, CA. 32 pp.
  • Annual Fire Report 1999: Research, Inventory and Monitoring. (Acrobat PDF file - 13.9 MB) A. Caprio (compiler). 2000. Science and Natural Resources Management, Sequoia & Kings Canyon National Parks, CA. 139 pp. (Also see the Fire Reports section of the Fire Information Cache where the report is broken into smaller sections)
  • Impact of Fire and Grazing on Plant Diversity and Invasion in Sierran Forests (USGS WERC fact sheet). J.E. Keeley. 2000
  • Reconstructing attributes of pre-Euroamerican settlement fire at a watershed scale, Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks. A.C. Caprio. 2000. Abstract, Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting, Snowbird, UT. p. 67 Abstract
  • Cambial heat resistance in understory trees in Californian mixed conifer forests.van Mantgem, P., and M.W. Schwartz. 2000. Abstract, Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting, Snowbird, UT.p.
  • A test of the strategic fuels management model VDDT using historical data from Yosemite National Park. Arbaugh, M.J., S. Schilling, J. Merzenich and J.W. van Wagtendon. 2000. In: L.F. Neuenschwander and K.C. Ryan (tech. eds.). Proc. Joint Fire Sci. Conf. and Workshop, Vol II. Univ Idaho and Int. Assoc. Wildland Fire. pp. 85-89.
  • A risk-based comparison of potential fuel treatment trade-off models. Weise, D.R., R. Kimberlin, M. Arbaugh, J. Chew, G. Jones, J. Merzenich, J.W. van Wagtendonk and M. Wiitala. 2000. In: L.F. Neuenschwander and K.C. Ryan (tech. eds.). Proc. Joint Fire Sci. Conf. and Workshop, Vol II. Univ. Idaho and Int. Assoc. Wildland Fire. pp. 96-102.
  • Connectivity of forest fuels and surface fire regimes. C. Miller and D.L. Urban. 2000. Landscape Ecology 15:145-154.
  • Enlargement of canopy gaps associated with a fungal root pathogen in Yosemite Valley. D.M. Rizzo, G.W. Slaughter and J.R. Parmeter. 2000. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 30:1501-1510.
  • 2001 (back to 2000s)

  • Comparison of the Sedimentary Record of Fire with the Tree-Ring Record within the Nearby Giant Sequoia Groves, Sierra Nevada, California. R.S. Anderson. 2001. Final report to USGS Sequoia & Kings Canyon Field Station from Center for Environmental Sciences and Education, and Quaternary Sciences Program. Northern Arizona Univ., Flagstaff, AZ. 25 pp.
  • Fire in Sierra Nevada Forests: A Photographic Interpretation of Ecological Change Since 1849. G.E. Gruell. 2001. Mountain Press Publishing Company, Missoula, Montana. 238 pp. Abstract
  • Annual Fire Report 2000: Research, Inventory and Monitoring. (Acrobat PDF file - 4.1 MB) A. Caprio (compiler). 2001. Science and Natural Resources Management, Sequoia & Kings Canyon National Parks, CA. 107 pp. (Also see the Fire Reports section of the Fire Information Cache where the report is broken into smaller sections)
  • Historic Fire Regimes in Southern California Shrubland. (Acrobat PDF file - 1173 kb) J.E. Keeley and C.J. Fotheringham. 2001. Conservation Biology 15:1536-1548
  • History and Management of Crown-Fire Ecosystems:a Summary and Response. (Acrobat PDF file - 925 kb) J.E. Keeley and C.J. Fotheringham. 2001. Conservation Biology 15:1561-1567
  • Fire and invasives in mediterranean-climate ecosystems of California. (publication brief). J.E. Keeley. 2001. pp. 81-94. In: K. E. M. Galley and T. P. Wilson (eds.), Proceedings of the Invasive Species Workshop: The Role of Fire in the Control and Spread of Invasive Species. Fire Conference 2000: The First National Congress on Fire Ecology, Prevention, and Management. Miscellaneous Publication No. 11. Tall Timbers Research Station, Tallahassee, FL.
  • Restoring fire to wilderness: Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks. Manley, J., M. Keifer, N. Stephenson, and W. Kaage. 2001. Fire Management Today 61:24-28.
  • Monitoring wildfire effects: Coming to terms with pseudoreplication. van Mantgem, P., M.W. Schwartz, and M.B. Keifer. 2001. Natural Areas Journal 21: 266-273.
  • Fire-induced Tree Mortality in the Mixed Conifer Forests of the Sierra Nevada, California. van Mantgem, P. 2001. Dissertation. University of California, Davis. 107 pp.
  • Fire history differences in adjacent Jeffrey pine and upper montane forests in the eastern Sierra Nevada. S.L. Stephens. 2001. International Journal of Wildland Fire 10:161–167
  • Ecological restoration in a giant sequoia grove. A. Demetry and J. Manley. 2001. Crossing Boundaries in Park Management: Proceedings of the 11th Conference on Research and Resource Management in Parks and on Public Lands Edited by David Harmon, The 2001 GWS Conference Proceedings
  • Meeting resource management objectives with prescribed fire. T. Opperman, M. Keifer and L. Trader. 2001. Crossing Boundaries in Park Management: Proceedings of the 11th Conference on Research and Resource Management in Parks and on Public Lands Edited by David Harmon, The 2001 GWS Conference Proceedings
  • Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks Fire Monitoring Program - 2000 Annual Report. (Acrobat PDF file - 140 kb) M. Keifer and Georgia Dempsey. 2001. Unpublished report on file Division of Natural Resources, Sequoia and Kings Canyon N.P., 36 pp.
  • 2002 (back to 2000s)

  • Fire in Sierra Nevada Forests: Evaluating the Ecological Impact of Burning by Native Americans. A.J. Parker. 2002. pp 233-267. In: T.R. Vale (ed.). Fire, Native Peoples, and the Natural Landscape. Island Press. Washington, DC. 315 pp.
  • The Pre-European Landscape of the United States: Pristine or Humanized. T.R. Vale. 2002. pp. 1-39. In: T.R. Vale (ed.). Fire, Native Peoples, and the Natural Landscape. Island Press. Washington, DC. 315 pp.
  • Pre-European Fire in California Chaparral. J. Bendix. 2002. pp 269-293. In: T.R. Vale (ed.). Fire, Native Peoples, and the Natural Landscape. Island Press. Washington, DC. 315 pp.
  • Burning Questions: America's Fight with Nature's Fire. D. Carle. 2002. Praeger Publishers. Westport, CT. 298 pp.
  • Burning Questions: A Social Science Research Plan for Federal Wildland Fire Management. G.E. Machlis, A.B. Kaplan, S.P. Tuler, K.A. Bagby, and J.E. McKendry. 2002. Report to the National Wildfire Coordinating Group. Univ. of Idaho. Idaho Forest, Wildlife and Range Experiment Station, Contribution Number 943. 253 pp.
  • Flames in Our Forest: Disaster or Renewal? S.F. Arno and S. Allison-Bunnell. 2002. Island Press.Washington, DC. 227 pp.
  • The Use of Geographic Information for Fire Management Planning in Yosemite National Park (Acrobat PDF file - 4.1 MB). J.W. van Wagtendonk, K.A. van Wagtendonk, J.B. Meyer, K.J. Paintner. The George Wright Forum 19:19-39
  • 2002 Sierra Nevada Science Symposium, Kings Beach, California, Oct. 8-10, 2002. - Fire posters from Sequoia & Kings Canyon N.P. Abstracts for each of the posters can be viewed by clicking on the poster title.
  • 2002 Fire Conference: Managing Fire and Fuels in the Remaining Wildlands and Open Spaces of the Southwestern United States. The Association for Fire Ecology - Presentations and posters from Sequoia & Kings Canyon N.P.
    • The Effects of Prescribed Burning on Streamwater Chemistry at Different Spatial and Temporal Scales. A.M. Heard and J.D. Stednick. Colorado State University, Ft. Collins, CO.
    • The Effects of Prescribed Burns on Soil Biogeochemistry in the Mixed-Conifer Zone of Sequoia National Park. S.T. Hamman and I. Burke. Colorado State University, Ft. Collins, CO.
    • Fire History of Lodgepole Pine on Chagoopa Plateau, Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks. A.C. Caprio. NPS Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks, California.
    • The Sugar Pine Dilemma: Prescription Burning, Naturalness, and the Management of a Declining Tree Species. P. van Mantgem,USGS Sequoia-Kings Canyon Field Station, M. Keifer, NPS Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks, and N. Stephenson, USGS Sequoia-Kings Canyon Field Station.
  • Wildland Fire on Ecosystems: Effects of Fire on Air. D.V. Sandberg, R.D. Ottmar, J.L. Peterson. 2002. USDA, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Gen. Tech. Rep. RMRS-GTR-42-vol. 5. Ogden, UT. 79 p.
  • Proceedings of a Symposium on the Kings River Sustainable Forest Ecosystems Project: Progress and Current Status, January 26, 1998 Clovis, California. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report PSW-GTR-183. 154 pp.
    • The Kings River Sustainable Forest Ecosystem Project: Inception, Objectives, and Progress. (Acrobat PDF file - 623 kb) J. Verner and M.T. Smith. 2002. pp. 1-12. In: J. Verner (Technical Coordinator). Proceedings of a Symposium on the Kings River Sustainable Forest Ecosystems Project: Progress and Current Status, January 26, 1998 Clovis, California. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report PSW-GTR-183. 154 pp.
    • Fire-return Intervals in Mixed-conifer Forests of the Kings River Sustainable Forest Ecosystems Project Area. (Acrobat PDF file - 328 kb) C. Phillips. 2002. pp. 31-35. In: J. Verner (Technical Coordinator). Proceedings of a Symposium on the Kings River Sustainable Forest Ecosystems Project: Progress and Current Status, January 26, 1998 Clovis, California. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report PSW-GTR-183. 154 pp.
    • Prescribed Burning in the Kings River Ecosystems Project Area: Lessons Learned. (Acrobat PDF file - 1 MB) D.S. McCandliss. 2002. pp. 37-46. In: J. Verner (Technical Coordinator). Proceedings of a Symposium on the Kings River Sustainable Forest Ecosystems Project: Progress and Current Status, January 26, 1998 Clovis, California. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report PSW-GTR-183. 154 pp.
    • The Teakettle Experiment. (Acrobat PDF file - 536 kb) M.P. North. 2002. pp. 47-54. In: J. Verner (Technical Coordinator). Proceedings of a Symposium on the Kings River Sustainable Forest Ecosystems Project: Progress and Current Status, January 26, 1998 Clovis, California. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report PSW-GTR-183. 154 pp.
    • Current Investigations of Fungal Ectomycorrhizal Communities in the Sierra National Forests. (Acrobat PDF file - 976 kb) T.D. Bruns, A.M. Kretzer, T.R. Horton, E.A-D. Stendell, M.I. Bidartondo, and T.M. Szaro. 2002. pp. 83-89. In: J. Verner (Technical Coordinator). Proceedings of a Symposium on the Kings River Sustainable Forest Ecosystems Project: Progress and Current Status, January 26, 1998 Clovis, California. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report PSW-GTR-183. 154 pp.
  • Proceedings of the Symposium on the Ecology and Management of Dead Wood in Western Forests, November 2-4, 1999 Reno, Nevada USDA Forest Service General Technical Report PSW-GTR-181. 949 pp.
    • Fire as a Coarse Filter for Snags and Logs. (Acrobat PDF file - 508 kb) J.K. Agee. 2002. pp. 359-368. In: W.F. Laudenslayer, Jr., P.J. Shea, B.E. Valentine, C.P. Weatherspoon, and T.E. Lisle (Technical Coordinators). Proceedings of the Symposium on the Ecology and Management of Dead Wood in Western Forests, November 2-4, 1999 Reno, Nevada. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report PSW-GTR-181. 949 pp.
    • Influence of Fire on the Dynamics of Dead Woody Material in Forests of California and Southwestern Oregon. (Acrobat PDF file - 224 kb) C.N. Skinner. 2002. pp. 445-454. In: W.F. Laudenslayer, Jr., P.J. Shea, B.E. Valentine, C.P. Weatherspoon, and T.E. Lisle (Technical Coordinators). Proceedings of the Symposium on the Ecology and Management of Dead Wood in Western Forests, November 2-4, 1999 Reno, Nevada. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report PSW-GTR-181. 949 pp.
    • Effects of Fire on Naturally Occurring Blue Oak (Quercus douglasii) Saplings. (Acrobat PDF file - 300 kb) T.J. Swiecki and E. Bernhardt. 2002. pp. 251-259. In: R.B. Standiford, D. McCreary, K.L. Purcell (Tech. Coord.). Proceedings of the Fifth Symposium on Oak Woodlands: Oaks in California's Changing Landscape, October 22-25, 2001, San Diego, California. USDA Forest Service Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-184.
    • Effects of Wildfire on Blue Oak in the Northern Sacramento Valley. (Acrobat PDF file - 241 kb) M.Horney, R.B. Standiford, D. McCreary, J. Tecklin, and R. Richards. 2002. pp.261-267. In: R.B. Standiford, D. McCreary, K.L. Purcell (Tech. Coord.). Proceedings of the Fifth Symposium on Oak Woodlands: Oaks in California's Changing Landscape, October 22-25, 2001, San Diego, California. USDA Forest Service Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-184.
    • Numerical Response of Small Vertebrates to Prescribed Fire in a California Oak Woodland. (Acrobat PDF file - 331 kb) J.K. Vreeland and W.D. Tietje. 2002. pp. 269-279.In: R.B. Standiford, D. McCreary, K.L. Purcell (Tech. Coord.). Proceedings of the Fifth Symposium on Oak Woodlands: Oaks in California's Changing Landscape, October 22-25, 2001, San Diego, California. USDA Forest Service Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-184.
    • Effects of Fire and Browsing on Regeneration of Blue Oak. (Acrobat PDF file - 238 kb) J.W. Bartolome, M.P. McClaran, B.H. Allen-Diaz, J. Dunne, L.D. Ford, R.B. Standiford, N.K. McDougald, and L.C. Forero. 2002. pp. 281-286. In: R.B. Standiford, D. McCreary, K.L. Purcell (Tech. Coord.). Proceedings of the Fifth Symposium on Oak Woodlands: Oaks in California's Changing Landscape, October 22-25, 2001, San Diego, California. USDA Forest Service Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-184.
    • Development and Fire Trends in Oak Woodlands of the Northwestern Sierra Nevada Foothills. (Acrobat PDF file - 791 kb) J. G. Spero. 2002. pp. 287-301. In: R.B. Standiford, D. McCreary, K.L. Purcell (Tech. Coord.). Proceedings of the Fifth Symposium on Oak Woodlands: Oaks in California's Changing Landscape, October 22-25, 2001, San Diego, California. USDA Forest Service Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-184.
  • Tree Mortality Following Reintroduction of Fire to an Old Growth Mixed Conifer Forest. Knapp, E. E., J. E. Keeley, and N. L. Stephenson. 2002. Abstracts, Annual Meeting of the Ecological Society of America, p. 181.
  • Proceedings of the Symposium: Fire in California Ecosystems: Integrating Ecology, Prevention and Management, San Diego, California, Nov. 17-20, 1997. N.G. Sugihara, M.E. Morales, and T.J. Morales (eds). 2002. Misc. Pub. No. 1, Assoc. for Fire Ecology. 391 pp.
  • Prescribed Fire Mortality of Sierra Nevada Mixed Conifer Tree Species: Effects of Crown Damage and Forest Floor Combustion. (Acrobat PDF file - 147 kb) Stephens, S.L., and M.A. Finney, 2002. Forest Ecology and Management 162:261-271.
  • Proceedings Fifth Symposium on Oak Woodlands: Oaks in California's Changing Landscape, October 22-25, 2001, San Diego, California USDA Forest Service Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-184.
    • Effects of Fire on Naturally Occurring Blue Oak (Quercus douglasii) Saplings. T.J. Swiecki and E. Bernhardt. 2002. pp 251-259. Proceedings Fifth Symposium on Oak Woodlands: Oaks in California's Changing Landscape, October 22-25, 2001, San Diego, California. USDA Forest Service Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-184.
  • Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks Fire Monitoring Program - 2001 Annual Report. (Acrobat PDF file - 377 kb) M. Keifer. 2002. Unpublished report on file Division of Natural Resources, Sequoia and Kings Canyon N.P., 36 pp.
  • Vegetation and ecological characteristics of mixed-conifer and red-fir forests at the Teakettle Experimental Forest. M. North, M., B. Oakley , J. Chen, H. Erickson, A. Gray, A. Izzo, D. Johnson, S. Ma, J. Marra, M. Meyer, K. Purcell, T. Rambo, B. Roath, D. Rizzo, and T. Schowalter. 2002. USFS General Technical Report, PSW-GTR-186.
  • 2003 (back to 2000s)

  • Impact of Past, Present, and Future Fire Regimes on North American Mediterranean Shrublands. J.E. Keeley and C.J. Fotheringham. 2003. In: T.T. Veblen, W.L. Baker, G. Montenegro, and T.W. Swetnam (eds.) Fire and Climate In Temperate Ecosystems of the Western Americas. Springer, New York.
  • Growth Rate Predicts Mortality of Abies concolor in Both Burned and Unburned Stands. (Acrobat PDF file - 521 kb) P.J. van Mantgem, N.L. Stephenson, L.S. Mutch, V.G. Johnson, A.M. Esperanza, and D.J. Parsons. 2003. Can. J. For. Res. 33:1029-1038.
  • The Effect of Wildland Fire on Aquatic Ecosystems in the Western USA. M.K. Young, R.E. Gresswell, C. Luce (Eds). 2003. Forest Ecology and Management. 178:1-229. (comprised of 14 papers). Link to USGS news release on this special journal issue.
  • Surprises and Lessons from the 1988 Yellowstone Fires. M.G. Turner, W.H. Romme, and D.B. Tinker. 2003. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 1:351-358. (The introduction provides a good summary covering the differences in fire regime types and how understanding these differences is important in interpreting across varying landscapes.)
  • George Wright Society Conference - Protecting Our Diverse Heritage: The Role of Parks, Protected Areas, and Cultural Sites, April 14-18, 2003. San Diego, CA.
    • Integrating fire history and fire management: establishing reference conditions and monitoring process, Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks. Anthony Caprio. Adobe Acrobat copy of poster (2.9 MB PDF file), Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks, Three Rivers, CA.
    • The effects of prescribed burning on stream water chemistry at different spatial and temporal scales. Andi Heard and J. Stednick. (Poster), Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks and Colorado State University.
    • Restoring Sierra Nevada mixed-conifer forests with prescribed fire: monitoring to assess fuel reduction and stand structure objectives. MaryBeth Keifer, Jeff Manley, and Karen Webster.(Poster), Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks, Three Rivers, CA.
  • Joint 2nd International Wildland Fire Ecology and Fire Management Congress & 5th Symposium on Fire and Forest Meteorology - 2003 Orlando, FL . Sponsored by The Association for Fire Ecology & AMS - Presentations listed are on fire in the Sierra Nevada
    • Positive effects of prescribed fire on understory vegetation in mixed-conifer forests of the southern Sierra Nevada, CA (USA). Karen Webster, M. Keifer, and R. Wills. Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks, Three Rivers, CA Abstract.
    • Anthropogenic or lightning: ignition source of pre-Euro-American fire regimes in the southern Sierra Nevada?. Anthony C. Caprio. Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks, Three Rivers, CA Abstract.
    • Spatial heterogeneity in fire temperature: causes and consequences for plant diversity. Monique E. Rocca and D. L. Urban. Duke University, Durham, NC Abstract.
    • Long-term surface fuel accumulation in burned and unburned mixed-conifer forests of the central and southern Sierra Nevada, CA (USA). MaryBeth Keifer and J. van Wagtendonk, National Park Service, Three Rivers, CA & USGS Yosemite Field Station, CA.Abstract.
    • A century of fire and land management in the southern Sierra Nevada. Thomas P. Holmes and A. Westerling. USDA Forest Service, Research Triangle Park, NC & Scripps Abstract.
    • Second entry prescribed fires in ponderosa pine and bear clover forests. Monica S. Buhler and K. J. Paintner. Yosemite National Park, Yosemite, CA Abstract.
    • Burn severity assessment using differenced normalized burn ratio and composite burn index. Mark Grupé, K. Paintner and M. Buhler. Yosemite National Park, El Portal, CA Abstract.
    • Climatic influences on fire regimes in the Lake Tahoe Basin. Alan H. Taylor and M. Beaty. Penn State University, University Park, PA Abstract.
    • Fire history of mixed conifer forests in Yosemite National Park. Andrew E. Scholl and A. H. Taylor. Penn State University, University Park, PA Abstract.
    • Fire history and stand scale dynamics of mixed conifer forests in the Lake Tahoe Basin. Matthew Beaty and A. H. Taylor. Penn State University, University Park, PA Abstract.
    • Assessing Landscape Patterns of Fire Severity and Fire Regimes Using Burn Severity Mapping for the Sierra Nevada, CA. Andrea E. Thode, N. Sugihara, L. Levien, and J. F. Quinn. University of California, Davis and US Forest Service, Tahoe National Forest, McClellan, CA Abstract.
  • Fire and Invasive Plants in California Ecosystems. J.E. Keeley, J.E. 2003. Fire Management Today 63:18-19
  • Fire and Grazing Impacts on Plant Diversity and Alien Plant Invasions in the Southern Sierra Nevada. J.E. Keeley, D. Lubin, and C.J. Fotheringham. 2003. Ecol. Applic. 13:1355-1374. Link to USGS news release on this research.
  • Fire-Related Temperatures in a Cheatgrass Infested Sierra Nevada Yellow Pine Forest: Effects on Cheatgrass Seeds and Native Plants. McGinnis, T.W., J.E. Keeley, M. Brooks, R. Sanford and J. Belnap. 2003. Abstracts, Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting. Aug. 3-8, 2003.
  • Above and Below Ground Fire-Related Temperatures in a Cheatgrass (Bromus tectorum L.) Infested Sierra Nevada Yellow Pine Forest: Effects on Cheatgrass Seeds and Native Plants. McGinnis, T.W., J.E. Keeley, M. Brooks, R. Sanford and J. Belnap. 2003. Absracts, North American Forest Ecology Workshop, Corvallis, Oregon, June 16-20, 2003
  • Developing a Landscape Scale Framework for Interagency Wildland Fuels Management Planning. (6 MB PDF file) S. Martens (ed). 2003. Southern Sierra Geographic Information Cooperative (SSGIC). 101 pp.
  • The Use of GIS to Determine the Relationship Between Fire Frequency and Topography. N. Warmerdam. 2003. M.S. Major Indiv. Proj. Rep., Univ. Redlands, 76 pp. Thesis Abstract.
  • Climate Change Effects on Vegetation Distribution, Carbon, and Fire in California. J.M. Lenihan, R. Drapek, D. Bachelet, and R.P. Neilson. 2003. Ecological Applications 13:1667-1681.
  • Impacts of Heat on the Spore Bank Community Structure in Mixed Conifer Forest Soil Using Pinus jeffreyi Seedlings as a Host Species.. Megan Canright. 2003. UC Berkeley Senior Reseach Seminar. Investigating the Environment: Research for Environmental Mgmt. 2003.
  • The effects of fire on soil nitrogen associated with patches of the actinorhizal shrub Ceanothus cordulatus. B.B. Oakley M.P. North and J.F. Franklin. 2003. Plant and Soil 254:35-46 (Abstract)
  • Interactions between Microclimate, Soil Respiration, and Disturbances in a Forest Ecosystem: Lessons from the Teakettle Experimental Forest in California’s Sierra Nevada. S. Ma. 2003. Dissertation. The University of Toledo. 131 pp.
  • Facing a New Ecosystem Management Paradigm for National Parks. D.M. Graber. 2003. Ecological Restoration 21:264-268.
  • Forest Heterogeneity: Methods and Measurements From Extensive Field Plots, Fire Modeling, and Remote Sensing of the Mixed Conifer Forest of the Southern Sierra Nevada, USA. K.M. Menning. 2003. (Ph.D. Dissertation). Wildland Resource Science, University of California, Berkeley.
  • The use of multi-temporal Landsat Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) data for mapping fuel models in Yosemite National Park, USA. J.W. van Wagtendonk and R. R. Root. 2003. International Journal of Remote Sensing 24:1639-1651.
  • 2003 Symposum Report: Fire, Forest Health and Biodiversity. National Commission on Science for Sustainable Forestry. June 5-6, 2003 Hyatt Regency Tech Center, Denver, Colorado
  • Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks Fire Monitoring Program - 2002 Annual Report. (Acrobat PDF file - 488 kb) M. Keifer and K. Webster. 2003. Unpublished report on file Division of Natural Resources, Sequoia and Kings Canyon N.P., 36 pp.
  • Wildland Fire Use: A Wilderness Perspective on Fuel Management. C. Miller. 2003. pp. 379-385. USDA Forest Service Proceedings RMRS-P-29.
  • 2004 (back to 2000s)

  • Proceedings of the Conference on Fire Management: Emerging Policies and New Paradigms. Nov. 16-19, 1999, San Diego, CA. N.G. Sugihara, M.E. Morales, and T.J. Morales (eds). (2004). Misc. Pub. No. 2, Assoc. for Fire Ecology. pp.
  • Bulk Density and Fuel Loads of Ponderosa Pine and White Fir Forest Floors: Impacts of Leaf Morphology. S.L. Stephens, M.A. Finney, and H. Schantz. 2004. Northwest Sci. 78:93-100.
  • Ecological Impacts of Wheat Seeding After a Sierra Nevada Wildfire. J.E. Keeley. 2004. International Journal of Wildland Fire 13:73–78. Link to USGS news release on this research.
  • An Experimental Demonstration of Stem Damage as a Predictor of Fire-Caused Mortality for Ponderosa Pine. P.J. van Mantgem and M. Schwartz. 2004. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 34:1343–1347. Link to USGS news release on this research.
  • Effects of an Introducted Pathogen and Fire Exclusion on the Demography of Sugar Pine. (1.6 MB PDF file) P.J. van Mantgem, N.L. Stephenson, MaryBeth Keifer, and Jon Keeley. 2004. Ecological Applications 14:1590–1602.
  • Prescribed Fire, Soils, and Stream Water Chemistry in a Watershed in Lake Tahoe Basin, California. S.L. Stephens, T. Meixner, M. Poth, B. McGurk, and D. Payne. 2004. International J. Wildland Fire 13:27-35.
  • Fire Regimes of Mixed Conifer Forests in the North-Central Sierra Nevada at Multiple Spatial Scales. S.L. Stephens and B.M. Collins. 2004. Northwest Science 78: 12-23.
  • Bulk Density and Fuel Loads of Ponderosa Pine and White Fir Forest Floors: Impacts of Leaf Morphology. S.L. Stephens, M.A. Finney and H. Schantz. 2004. Northwest Science 78:93-100. Abstract
  • Short-Term Effects of Experimental Burning and Thinning on Soil Respiration in an Old-Growth, Mixed-Conifer Forest. S. Ma, J. Chen, M. North, H.E. Erickson, M. Bresee, J. Le Moine, 2004. Environmental Management Vol. 33, Supplement 1, pp. S148–S159.
  • Comparison of AVIRIS and Landsat ETM+ Detection Capabilities for Burn Severity (1 MB PDF file). J.W. van Wagtendonka, R.R. Root, C.H. Key. 2004. Remote Sensing of Environment 92:397–408.
  • Appendix E—White Paper on Pre-Fire Risk Assessment and Fuels Mapping. (50 kb PDF file) J.W. van Wagtendonk, Z. Zhu, and E.L. Lile. 2004. Third U.S. Geological Survey Wildland Fire-Science Workshop, pp. 49-52.
  • Forest Stand Structure and Pattern of Old-Growth Western Hemlock/Douglas-Fir and Mixed-Conifer Forests. M. North, J. Chen, B. Oakley, B. Song, M. Rudnicki, A. Gray, and J. Innes. 2004. Forest Science 50:299-311.
  • Tongue-tied: Understanding intensity and severity within the fire disturbance continuum. T.B. Jain, D.S. Pilliod and R.T. Graham. 2004. Wildfire Magazine July/August:22–26.
  • Effects of invasive alien plants on fire regimes. M.L. Brooks, C.M. D’Antonio, D.M. Richardson, J.M. DiTomaso, J.B. Grace, R.J. Hobbs, J.E. Keeley, M. Pellant, D. Pyke. 2004. Bioscience 54:677-688.
  • Modeling wildfire probability using GIS. B. Davis and C. Miller. 2004. In: Proceedings of the ASPRS 2004 Annual Conference, Denver, USA. May 23-28. American Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing
  • 2005 (back to 2000s)

  • Can Wildland Fire Use Restore Natural Fire Regimes in Wilderness and Other Unroaded Lands? (1.5 MB PDF file) C. Miller and D. Parsons. 2005. Final Report to the Joint Fire Science Program - Project #01-1-1-05, 64 pp.
  • Mimicking Nature's Fire: Restoring Fire-Prone Forests in the West. S.F. Arno and C.E. Fiedler. 2005. Island Press, Washington D.C. 242 pp. - with Section II Chapter 10 (pp.121-130) on Learning from Experience: Profiles of Restoration Foresty Projects - Giant Sequoia/Mixed Conifer.
  • Fire History and Climate Synthesis in Western North America - April 30 to May 3, 2005 Northern Arizona Univ., Flagstaff AZ . Sponsored by The Western Mountain Initiative - Presentations listed are on fire in the Sierra Nevada
  • Climatic Influences on Fire Regimes in the Northern Sierra Nevada Mountains, Lake Tahoe Basin, Nevada, USA. A.H. Taylor and R.M. Beaty. 2005. J. Biogeography 32:425-438.
  • Sierra Wildland Fire Reporting Systems (SWFRS) and the Fire Data Ordering Website. J. Guthrie and J. Stefanacci. Presentation at Resource Management Tools & Geospatial Conference, April 18-22, 2005, Phoenix, AZ. Abstract
  • Fuel reduction and coarse woody debris dynamics with early season and late season prescribed fire in a Sierra Nevada mixed conifer forest. E. Knapp, J.E. Keeley, E.A. Ballenger, and T.J. Brennan. 2005. Forest Ecology and Management 208:383-397
  • Sierran Mixed-Conifer Research. June 2005. Special Issue - Forest Science 51(3).
  • Mixed Conifer Forest Duff Consumption During Prescribed Fires: Tree Crown Impacts. M.G. Hille and S.L. Stephens. 2005. Forest Science 51:417-424.
  • A Test of Adversity and Strength: Wildland Fire in the National Park System. H.K. Rothman. 2005. N.P.S. Cooperative Agreement Order #CA 8034-2-9003, 264 pp.
  • Scorched Earth: How the Fires of Yellowstone Changed America. R. Barker. 2005. Shearwater Books, 288pp.
  • The Ecological Need for Prescribed Fire in Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks, U.S.A. C.E. Rowan. 2005. MA Thesis, Depart. Geol. and Geogr., West Virginia University, 23 pp.
  • Fire as a global 'herbivore': the ecology and evolution of flammable ecosystems. W.J. Bond and J.E. Keeley. 2005. TRENDS in Ecol. and Evol. 20:387-394.
  • Fire Management in Parks and Protected Areas. B.M. Kilgore (guest editor). 2005. The George Wright Forum 22 (88 pp.)
    • Fire Management in Parks and Protected Areas: An Introduction and Summary. B.M. Kilgore
    • Fire in the Parks: A Case Study for Change Management N.L. Christensen.
    • Forest Health and Fire in the National Parks: Workshop Summary. N.L. Christensen
    • Fire, Forest Health, and Biodiversity: A Summary of the Proceedings of the Second Annual Symposium of the National Commission on Science and Sustainable Forestry. N.L. Christensen
    • Federal Forest Fire Policy in the United States. S.L. Stephens and L.W. Ruth
  • Fire suppression impacts on postfire recovery of Sierra Nevada chaparral shrublands. (Acrobat PDF 1.5MB) J.E. Keeley, A.H. Pfaff, and H.D. Safford. 2005. International J. Wildland Fire 14:255-265.
  • The Effect of Seasonality of Burn on Seed Germination in Chaparral: The Role of Soil Moisture. D. Le Fer and V.T. Parker. 2005. Madroño 52:166-174 Abstract
  • Seed germination of Sierra Nevada postfire chaparral species. (Acrobat PDF 82kb) J.E. Keeley, T.W. McGinnus, and K.A. Bollens. 2005. Madroño 52:175-181
  • National Park Service, Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks and Devils Postpile National Monument, Fire Ecology Annual Report, Calendar Year 2004. (Acrobat PDF file - 750 kb) A.C. Caprio and K. Webster. 2005. Unpublished report on file Division of Natural Resources, Sequoia and Kings Canyon N.P., 17 pp.
  • The effects of wildfire, salvage logging, and post-fire N-fixation on the nutrient budget of a Sierran forest. D.W. Johnson, J.F. Murphy, R.B. Susfalk, T.G. Caldwell, W.W. Miller, R.F. Walker, R.F. Powers. 2005. For. Ecol. and Mngmt. 220:155-165.
  • Fire management impacts on invasive plant species in the western United States. J.E. Keeley. 2005. Conservation Biology 20:375-384.
  • Natural and Anthropogenic Fire Regimes, Vegetation Effects, and Potential Impacts on the Avifauna of California Oak Woodlands K.L. Purcell and S.L. Stephens. 2005. pp. 1100-1103. In: C. John Ralph and Terrell D. Rich, editors. 2005. Bird Conservation Implementation and Integration in the Americas: Proceedings of the Third International Partners in Flight Conference. 2002 March 20-24; Asilomar, California, Volume 1. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-191. Albany, CA: Pacific Southwest Research Station, Forest Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture; 651 p.
  • Changing fire regimes and the avifauna of California oak woodlands. K.L. Purcell, S.L. Stephens. 2005. Studies in Avian Biology. 30:33–45.
  • Stereo Photo Guide for Estimating Canopy Fuel Characteristics in Conifer Stands. J.H. Scott and E.D. Reinhardt. 2005. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. Gen. Tech. Rep. RMRS-GTR-145. Fort Collins, CO. 49 p.
  • Soil respiration response to prescribed burning and thinning in mixed conifer and hardwood forests. A. Concilio, S. Ma, Q. Li, J. LeMoine, J. Chen, M. North, D. Moorhead, and R. Jensen. 2005. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 35:1581-1591.
  • Short-term effects of fire and forest thinning on truffle abundance and consumption by Neotamias speciosus in the Sierra Nevada of California. M Meyer, M. North, and D. Kelt. 2005. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 35:1061-1070.
  • Silvicultural and reserve impacts on potential fire behavior and forest conservation: Twenty-five years of experience from Sierra Nevada mixed conifer forests. S.L. Stephens and J.J. Moghaddas. 2005. Biol. Cons. 125:369-379.
  • 2006 (back to 2000s)

  • The fire and fire surrogate study in the Sierra Nevada: Evaluating restoration treatments at Blodgett Experimental Forest and Sequoia National Park. E.E. Knapp, S.L. Stephens, J.D. McIver, J.J. Moghaddas, and J.E. Keeley. 2006. In: Proceedings Sierra Nevada Science Symposium 2002. Science for Management and Conservation. In Press.
  • Decadal-scale dynamics of water, carbon and nitrogen in a California chaparral ecosystem: DAYCENT modeling results. X. Li, T. Meixner, J.O. Sickman, A. Miller, J.P. Schimel and J. Melack. 2006. Biogeochemistry 77:217–245. (research located in Sequoia National Park)
  • Heterogeneity in fire severity within early season and late season prescribed burns in a mixed-conifer forest. E.E. Knapp and J.E. Keeley. 2006. Internat. J. Wildland Fire 15:37-45.
  • Post-fire epicormic branching in Sierra Nevada Abies concoler (white fir). C.T. Hanson and M.P. North. 2006. Internat. J. Wildland Fire 15:31-35.
  • National Park Service Fire Ecology Annual Report, Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks and Devils Postpile National Monument, Calendar Year 2005. (Acrobat PDF file - 1.05 MB) A.C. Caprio and K. Webster. 2006. Unpublished report on file Division of Natural Resources, Sequoia and Kings Canyon N.P., 20 pp.
  • Wildfire effects on soil nutrients and leaching in a Tahoe Basin watershed. J.D. Murphy, D.W. Johnson, W.W. Miller, R.F. Walker, E.F. Carroll, and R.R. Blank. 2006. J. Environ. Qual. 35:479-489.
  • Fuel breaks affect nonnative species abundance in Californian plant communities. K.E.Merriam, J. E. Keeley and J. L. Beyers. 2006. Ecological Applications 16:515–527.
  • Prescribed fire effects on forest floor and soil nutrients in a Sierra Nevada forest. J.D. Murphy, D.W. Johnson, W.W. Miller, R.F. Walker, and R.R. Blank. 2006. Soil Sci. 171:181-199.
  • Tree mortality from fire and bark beetles following early and late season prescribed fires in a Sierra Nevada mixed-conifer forest. D.W. Schwilk, E.E. Knapp, S.M. Ferrenberg, J.E. Keeley, A.C. Caprio. 2006. Forest Ecology and Management 232:36-45.
  • A 21st century perspective on postfire seeding. J.E. Keeley, C.D. Allen, J. Betancourt, G.W. Chong, C.J. Fotheringham, and H.D. Safford. 2006. Journal of Forestry 104(1):1-2.
  • Mercury distribution in two Sierran forest and one desert sagebrush steppe ecosystems and the effects of fire. M.A. Engle, M.S. Gustin, D.W. Johnson, J.F. Murphy, W.W. Miller, R.F. Walker, J. Wright, M. Markee. 2006. Science of the Total Environment 367:222–233
  • Third International Fire Ecology and Management Congress. Association for Fire Ecology. Nov. 13-17, 2006, San Diego, California.
  • Long-Term Surface Fuel Accumulation in Burned and Unburned Mixed-Conifer Forests of the Central and Southern Sierra Nevada, CA USA. M. Keifer, J.W. van Wagtendonk, and M. Buhler. 2006. Fire Ecology 2:53-72.
  • Fire History and Climate Influences from Forests in the Northern Sierra Nevada, USA. T.J. Moody, J. Fites-Kaufman, and S.L. Stephens. 2006. Fire Ecology 2:115-141.
  • Wildlife and invertebrate response to fuel reduction treatments in dry coniferous forests of the Western United States: a synthesis. D.S. Pilliod, E.L. Bull, J.L. Hayes, and B.C. Wales, Barbara C. 2006. Gen. Tech. Rep. RMRS-GTR-173. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. 34 p.
  • Effectiveness of Prescribed Fire as a Fuel Treatment in Californian Coniferous Forests. N.M. Vaillant, J. Fites-Kaufman, S.L. Stephens. 2006. In: Andrews, P.L.; Butler, B.W., comps. Fuels Management-How to Measure Success: Conference Proceedings. 28-30 March 2006; Portland, OR. Proceedings RMRS-P-41. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. 809 p.
  • Post-fire epicormic branching in Sierra Nevada Abies concolor (white fir). [abstract] C.T. Hanson and M.P. North. 2006. International Journal of Wildland Fire 15:31–35
  • Fire in California Ecosystems. N.G. Sugihara, J.W. Van Wagtendonk, K.E. Shaffer, J. Fites-Kaufman, and A.E. Thode (eds). 2006. Univ. Calif. Press, Berkeley. 596 pp.
    • Fire as a physical process. J.W. van Wagtendonk. 2006. pp 38-57. In: Sugihara, N.G., J.W. van Wagtendonk, J. Fites-Kaufman, K.E. Shaffer, and A.E. Thode (eds.). Fire in California’s ecosystems. University of California Press, Berkeley. 578p.
    • Fire as an ecological process. N.G.Sugihara, N.G., J.W. van Wagtendonk, and J. Fites-Kaufman. 2006. pp 58-74. In: Sugihara, N.G., J.W. van Wagtendonk, J. Fites-Kaufman, K.E. Shaffer, and A.E. Thode (eds.). Fire in California’s ecosystems. University of California Press, Berkeley. 578p.
    • The future of fire in California ecosystems. N.G. Sugihara, J.W. van Wagtendonk, J. Fites-Kaufman, K.E. Shaffer, and A.E. Thode. 2006. pp 538-543. In: Sugihara, N. G., J. W. van Wagtendonk, J. Fites-Kaufman, K. E. Shaffer, and A. E. Thode (eds.). Fire in California’s ecosystems. University of California Press, Berkeley. 578p.
  • Giant Sequoia (Sequoiadendron giganteum [Taxodiaceae]) Seedling Survival and Growth in the First Four Decades Following Managed Fires. H.S. Shellhammer and T.H. Shellhammer. 2006. Madroño 53:342-350. Abstract
  • Phytolith Evidence for the Lack of Grass Understory in a Sequoiadendron giganteum (Taxodiaceae) stand in the central Sierra Nevada, California. R.R. Evett, R.A. Woodward, W. Harrison, J. Suero, and J.W. Bartolome. 2006. Madroño 53:351-363.
  • The Role of Fire Refugia in the Distribution of Pinus sabiniana (Pinaceae) in the Southern Sierra Nevada. D.W. Schwilk and J.E. Keeley. 2006. Madroño 53:364-372.
  • Fire Severity in Conifer Forests of the Sierra Nevada, California. D.C. Odion and C.T. Hanson. 2006. Ecosystems 9:1177–1189. (see Safford et al. 2007 for response)
  • Fire Effects Monitoring of the 1992 Rainbow Fire, Devils Postpile National Monument: Vegetation Response Ten Years Postfire A.C. Caprio and K. Webster. 2006. Unpublished report on file in Devils Postpile National Monument and Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks. 17 pp. A.C. Caprio and K. Webster. 2006. Unpublished report on file Sequoia & Kings Canyon N.P. and Devils Postpile N.M. 17pp
  • Soil respiration response to experimental disturbances over 3 years. Amy Concilio, Siyan Ma, Soung-Ryoul Ryu, Malcolm North, and Jiquan Chen. 2006. Forest Ecology and Management 228 (2006) 82–90
  • Effect of thinning and prescribed fire restoration treatments on woody debris and snag dynamics in a Sierran old-growth, mixed-conifer forest. J. Innes, M. North and N. Williamson. 2006. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 36(12):pages to be determined.
  • Fire decreases arthropod abundance but increases diversity: early and late season prescribed fire effects in a Sierra Nevada mixed-conifer forest. S.M. Ferrenberg, D.W. Schwilk, E.E. Knapp, E. Groth and J.E. Keeley. 2006. Fire Ecology 2:79-102.
  • Control of Invasive Weeds with Prescribed Burning1. JM DiTomaso, ML Brooks, EB Allen, R Minnich, PM Rice, and GB Kyser. 2006. Weed Technology 20:535-548
  • Wildfire: a century of failed forest policy. G. Wuerthner (ed.). Foundation for Deep Ecology, San Francisco, CA, USA. 322 p
    • Fire ecology of the Sierra Nevada: forests born to burn. J.W. van Wagtendonk 2006. Pages 63-67. In: Wuerthner, G. (ed.). Wildfire: a century of failed forest policy. Foundation for Deep Ecology, San Francisco, CA, USA. 322 p
  • The role of environmental gradients in non-native plant invasion into burnt areas of Yosemite National Park, California. R. Klinger, E. C. Underwood, and P. E. Moore. 2006. Diversity and Distributions 12:139–156.
  • 2007 (back to 2000s)

  • Role of burning season on initial understory vegetation response to prescribed fire in a mixed conifer forest. E.E. Knapp, D.W. Schwilk, J.M. Kane, and J.E. Keeley. 2007. Can. J. For. Res. 37:11-22.
  • National Park Service, Fire Ecology Annual Report 2006, Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks and Devils Postpile National Monument. (Acrobat PDF file - 2.0 MB) A.C. Caprio and K. Webster. 2007. Unpublished report on file Division of Natural Resources, Sequoia and Kings Canyon N.P., 34 pp.
  • Comparison of thinning and prescribed fire restoration treatments to Sierran mixed-conifer historic conditions. M. North, J. Innes, and H. Zald. 2007. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 37: pages to be determined.
  • Initial response of a mixed-conifer understory community to burning and thinning restoration treatments. R. Wayman and M. North. 2007. Forest Ecology and Management 239:32-44.
  • Microhabit associations of northern flying squirrels in burned and thinned stands of the Sierra Nevada. M. Meyer, D. Kelt, and M. North. 2007. American Midland Naturalist 157:202-211.
  • BAER soil burn severity maps do not measure fire effects to vegetation: a reply to Odion and Hanson. H.D. Safford, J. Miller, D. Schmidt, B. Roath, A. Parsons. 2007. Ecosystems. In press. (See Odion and Hanson 2006 for original paper)
  • Conifer Regeneration after Forest Fire in the Klamath-Siskiyous: How Much, How Soon? J.P.A. Shatford, D.E. Hibbs, and K.J. Puettmann. 2007. Journal of Forestry 105:139-146 (April/May)

  • Historic & Background Literature

  • Seeing Things Whole: The Essential John Wesley Powell. W. deBuys. 2001. Island Press, Washington, D.C. 289 pp. (During his travels in the West, Powell observed fire's frequent occurrence and noted that during dry periods his surveyers were not able make observations because of all the fires in the mountains and the smoke that resulted. He also recognized changes in fire regimes as EuroAmerican settlement occurred with decreasing fire frequency leading to greater fuel accumulation that resulted in hotter fires.)
  • Forest Fires. F.B. Hough. 1882. Report on Forestry Submitted to Congress by the Commissioner of Agriculture. Washington, D.C.
  • The Relation of Forests and Forest Fires. G. Pinchot. 1899. National Geographic Magazine. October.
  • Stanislaus and Lake Tahoe Forest Reserves,California, and Adjacent Territories. Sudworth, G. B. 1900. In Annual reports of the Department of Interior, 21st annual report of the U.S. Geological Survey. Part 5, 505–61. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office.
  • Notes on Regions in the Sierra Forest Reserves, 1898-1900. George B. Sudworth,
  • Helping the Sierra Sequoias. A.J. Wells. 1906. Sunset 16:282. (Article provides an early description of giant sequoia ecology and what we would now call a prescribed burn in 1904 in General Grant National Park (now Grant Grove area of Kings Canyon N.P.), "...lightly burned over to remove the coniferous rubbish".
  • The Effect of the Partial Suppression of Annual Fires in the Sierra Nevada Mountains. M. Marsden. 1906. Sierra Club Bulletin Jan.:22-24.
  • Conservative Lumbering. C.R. Johnson. 1909. Commonwealth Club of California Transactions 4:56-58.
  • Fire as a Biological Factor. J.C. Blumer. 1910. Plant World 13:42-44.
  • How Fire Helps Forestry. G.L. Hoxie. 1910. Sunset 25:145-151.
  • Fire and the Forest--The Theory of "Light Burning" F.E. Olmsted. 1911. Sierra Club Bulletin Jan.:42-47.
  • Did the Indian Protect the Forest? W.E. Coman 1911 Pacific Monthly, Vol. 26, #3 (Sept): 300-306.
  • Forest Fires and Forestry in the Southern States. H.H. Chapman. 1912. American Forests 18:510-517.
  • Forest Fires: Their Causes, Extent and Effects, with a Summary of Recorded Destruction and Losses. F.G. Plummer. 1912. USDA Forest Serv. Bull 117, 39 pp.
  • Light Burning Versus Forest Management in Northern California. R.H. Boerker. 1912. J. Forestry 10:184-194.
  • Forest Destruction Prevented by Control of Surface Fires. J.A. Kitts. 1919. American Forestry 25:1284, 1306 (Author advocates using controlled surface fire for fuel reduction to prevent crown fires. He also provides basic strategies and prescriptions for carrying out controlled burns.)
  • Preventing Forest Fires by Burning Litter. J.A. Kitts. 1919. The Timberman July:91.
  • Graves Terms Light Burning 'Piute Forestry'. H.S. Graves. 1920. The Timberman January:35
  • The Forest Service and Light-Burning Experiments. H.S. Graves. 1920 American Lumberman, 2337 (Feb. 28): 76-77.
  • 'Piute Forestry' or the Fallacy of Light Burning. W.B. Greeley. 1920. The Timberman March:38-39.
  • "Piute Forestry" vs. Forest Fire Prevention. (Acrobat PDF file - 10kb) A.S. Leopold. 1920. Southwestern Magazine 2:12-13. (See 1924 Leopold reference below written after rethinking his position.)(text is also reprinted in: The River of the Mother of God and Other Essays by Aldo Leopold. S.L. Flader and J.B. Callicott (ed). 1991. The Univ. of Wisconsin Press. 384 pp.
  • An interesting 1920 series in Sunset Magazine debating fire suppression and "light burning" (a term for "prescribed burning" at the turn of the century) and their effects on California forests. (The questions about fire's role in Western forests are not new.)
    • Woodsmen, Spare Those Trees! (Why Fire Protection Does Not Really Protect Our Remaining Timber). S.E. White. 1920. Sunset Magazine. 44:23-27,108,111-116.
    • The Torch in the Timber (It May Save the Lumberman's Property, But It Destroys the Forest of the Future). H.T. Graves. 1920. Sunset Magazine. 44:37-40,80-90.
      Reply to White's article by the Chief of the U.S. Forest Service.
    • Getting at the Truth. S.E. White. 1920. Sunset Magazine. 44:62,80-82.
      Reply to Graves' article.
    • What is the Truth. P.G. Redington. 1920. Sunset Magazine. 44:56-58.
  • The Fire-Type Forest of the Sierra Nevada. W.L. Jepson. 1921. Intercollegiate Forestry Club Annual 1:7-10.
  • Recent Studies on the Effect of Burning on Grassland Vegetation. R.I. Hensel. 1923. Ecology 4:183-188.
  • Grass, Brush, Timber, and Fire in Southern Arizona. (Acrobat PDF file - 28kb) A. Leopold. 1924. Journal of Forestry 22:1-10. (See 1920 Leopold reference above written before rethinking his position.)(text is also reprinted in: The River of the Mother of God and Other Essays by Aldo Leopold. S.L. Flader and J.B. Callicott (ed). 1991. The Univ. of Wisconsin Press. 384 pp.
  • The Role of Fire in California Pine Forests. S.B. Show and E.I. Kotok. 1924. USDA Dept. Bull. 80 pp.
  • Ecological Conditions in National Forests and National Parks. C.C. Adams. 1925. Scientific Monthly 20:561-593. (Summary from Parsons and King [1980]: "Basic differences in the management of national parks and national forests are discussed. Contains a section on Sequoia which discusses several subjects of ecological importance to the park including the feasibility of 'light burning', grazing, exotic species, and the reason for proposed additions to the park.")
  • Fire and the Forest (California Pine Region). (Acrobat PDF file - 4.8 MB) S.B. Show and E.I. Kotok. 1925 USDA Department Circular 358. 20 pp
  • More "Piute" Forestry. W. Phillips. 1925. [Forest] Service Bulletin, Vol. 9, #1 (Jan. 5): 10.
  • Factors Determining the Natural Reproduction of Longleaf Pine on Cutover Lands in LaSalle Parish, Louisiana. H.H. Chapman. 1926. Yale Forestry Bull. 16.
  • Light Burning--Report of the California Forest Committee. D. Bruce. 1928. J. Forestry 21:129-133.
  • The Forests that Fire Made. S.W. Greene. 1931. American Forests 37:583-584, 618.
  • Big Trees. W. Fry and J.R. White. 1931. Stanford Univ. Press. 114 pp.
  • The Bobwhite Quail: Its Habits, Preservation and Increase. H.L. Stoddard. 1931. Chas. Scribner's Sons. 559 pp.
  • Fauna of the National Parks of the United States. G.M. Wright, J.S. Dixon, and B.H. Thompson. 1933. Contribution of Wild Life Survey Fauna Series No. 1.
  • Translating the Autobiography of a Big Tree. C.C. Presnall. 1933. Yosemite Nature Notes 12:5-6.
  • Fire Studies in the Mariposa Grove. C.C. Presnall. 1933. Yosemite Nature Notes 12:23-24.
  • Use of Controlled Fire in Southeastern Upland Game Management. H.L. Stoddard. 1935. J. Forestry 33:346-351.
  • The Passing of the Lolo Trail. E. Koch 1935. J. For. 33:98-104.
  • Relation of Burning to Timber and Wildlife. H.L. Stoddard. 1936. First N. American Wildlife Conference 1:399-403.
  • Fire as an Ecological and Silvicultural Factor in the Ponderosa Pine Region of the Pacific Slope. H. Weaver. 1943. Journal of Forestry 41:7-14.
  • Preliminary Report on the Study of the Meadows of Yosemite Valley." by Emil F. Ernst. 1943. (Typescript File 880-01, Yosemite National Park Research Library, May 15, 1943)
  • Fire and Pines--a Realistic Appraisal of the Role of Fire in the Reproducing and Growing Southern Pines. H.H. Chapman. 1944. American Forests 50:62-64, 91-93.
  • Vanishing meadows in Yosemite Valley. E.F. Ernst. 1949. Yosemite Nature Notes 28:34-41.
  • The Kaweah Basin Research Reserve: An Untouched Area for the Future. E.L. Sumner. 1950. Regional Director to NPS Director February 6, 1950, Sequoia National Park, FR 1950, 1970-1976, Ma-u Box 327, Sequoia National Park Archives. An area of the upper Kern River watershed where lightning fires would not be suppressed if they occurred. The first such area established in a national park and an important early step in the development of NPS policy on nature fires.
  • Ecological Changes in the Ponderosa Pine Forest of Cedar Valley in Southern Washington. Weaver, H. 1959. Journal of Forestry 57:12-20.
  • Planned Burning as a Management Practice for California Wild Lands. L.T. Burcham. 1959. pp. 180-185. In: Proceedings, Society of American Foresters. San Francisco, California.
  • Effects upon the forest of natural fires and aboriginal burning in the Sierra Nevada. R. Reynolds. 1959. M.S. Thesis. Univ. California, Berkeley. 262 pp.
  • The Ageless Relicts. N. Taylor. 1962. St. Martin's Press. 115 pp.

Did You Know?

Walter Fry in NPS uniform

After spending five days with five men cutting down a single sequoia, Walter Fry counted the growth rings on the fallen giant. The answer shocked him into changing careers. In just a few days they had ended 3266 years of growth. Fry later became a park ranger and, in 1912, the parks' superintendent.