The artifacts they left behind tell the story of the cave: the ebb and flow of habitation, whether the users were family groups or hunting parties, what they wore, what they ate, and the tools they used. As archeologists dug down to the deepest artifacts more than 40 feet below the cave's present floor, they traced the emergence of pottery more than 2,000 years ago, , increasing sophistication of tools and weapons, and the growing trading with other peoples during the Mississippian time period.
Did You Know?
Broken pieces of pottery are called "sherds". The National Park Service found over 13,000 pottery sherds at Russell Cave National Monument. Almost all types of pottery from the local region were found at this site. The pots were used for storage and cooking.