The artifacts they left behind tell the story of the cave: the ebb and flow of habitation, whether the users were family groups or hunting parties, what they wore, what they ate, and the tools they used. As archeologists dug down to the deepest artifacts more than 40 feet below the cave's present floor, they traced the emergence of pottery more than 2,000 years ago, , increasing sophistication of tools and weapons, and the growing trading with other peoples during the Mississippian time period.
Did You Know?
The Russell Cave National Monument area used to be under the sea during the Mississippian Period around 350 million years ago? Fossils of brachipods, corals and crinoids have been discovered in the limestone rocks and weathered soils at the site.