The artifacts they left behind tell the story of the cave: the ebb and flow of habitation, whether the users were family groups or hunting parties, what they wore, what they ate, and the tools they used. As archeologists dug down to the deepest artifacts more than 40 feet below the cave's present floor, they traced the emergence of pottery more than 2,000 years ago, , increasing sophistication of tools and weapons, and the growing trading with other peoples during the Mississippian time period.
Did You Know?
Most of the pottery found at Russell Cave is less than 2500 years old. Some pottery types lasted for hundreds of years while others were only used a few years. The last pottery used in the Cave was broken around A.D. 1500 to 1650.