• Sonoran Desert at Organ Pipe NM

    Organ Pipe Cactus

    National Monument Arizona

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  • Increased Fire Restrictions, Effective June 5 Until Further Notice

    Due to increase fire danger and dry conditions, all fires (charcoal, coal, and wood) are prohibited. Cook stoves and lanterns are still allowed. Smoking is limited to enclosed vehicles.

Cacti

Our namesake, the organ pipe cactus.

Our namesake, the organ pipe cactus, is rarely found in the US

NPS Volunteer

Cacti of the Monument

There are 28 different species of cacti in the monument, ranging from the giant saguaro to the miniature pincushion. These cacti are all highly adapted to survive in the dry and unpredictable desert. They use spines for protection and shade, thick skin and pulp to preserve water, unique pathways of photosynthesis at night, and hidden under their skin are delicate to sturdy wooden frames holding them together.

Day or night, the summer display of many different cactus blooms is one of the desert's flashiest spectacles, as the brilliant flowers of yellow, red, white, and pink bring color to the landscape. It is a show upstaged only by the springtime explosions of gold poppies, blue lupines, pink owl clover, and other annuals after a wet winter.

 
Organ Pipe Cactus Blossom, open only at night.

The Organ Pipe cactus opens its blossoms only during the cooler evening hours, for one night only, closing early in the morning. 

Andy Fisher, NPS photo

The more common cacti species found within Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument include:

  • Organ Pipe (Stenocereus thurberi)
  • Saguaro (Carnegiea gigantean)
  • Senita (Lophocereus schottii)
  • Chain Fruit Cholla (Opuntia fulgida)
  • Teddy Bear Cholla (Opuntia bigelovii)
  • Engelmann's Prickly Pear (Opunita engelmannii)
  • Hedgehog (Echinocereus species)
  • Pincushion (Mammillaria species)
  • Arizona Barrell (Ferocactus wislizenii)
 

Did You Know?

Kangaroo Rat

Kangaroo Rats are masters at desert survival. They get all the moisture they need from the seeds and plants they eat and don't need to drink any water. Their kidneys are so powerful at recycling the moisture they do get from plants and seeds, they have been known to urinate crystals. More...