Bears are active in Grand Teton
Black and grizzly bears are roaming throughout the park--near roads, trails and in backcountry areas. Hikers and backcountry users are advised to travel in groups of three or more, make noise and carry bear spray. Visitors must stay 100 yards from bears. More »
Union Falls Trail - Countdown: 10 Days
August 15, 2012
Many of the 3 million visitors to Yellowstone go and see the tallest falls in the park, Lower Falls on the Yellowstone River. However, lesser known but just as impressive is the second tallest falls. Union Falls, which derives its name from the fact that two rivers join just at the edge of the falls, is a spectacular 250 feet tall.
Union Falls is less visited than other waterfalls in Yellowstone due to it being in the backcountry. It is a long day hike, or a relatively straighforward overnight trip. Either way, don't forget to bring a bathing suit!
To get to the trailhead, follow the Grassy Lake Road. If you are coming from the east, you will start at Flagg Ranch and pass through the John D. Rockefeller, Jr. Memorial Parkway. You will end up passing into the National Forest before you get to the trailhead. From the west, you will also travel along the Grassy Lake Road, but if you enter the Parkway, you have gone too far. The Grassy Lake Trailhead is on the western edge of Grassy Lake Reservoir on the north side of the road. Also, please remember that the Grassy Lake Road is not open year-round, and is difficult traveling all year. A high clearance vehicle is highly recommended.
The trail begins on the west side of the parking lot. Less than a half mile in you will cross the boundary into Yellowstone National Park. About a mile after that, there is a large stream crossing. Remember to bring and extra pair of shoes, preferably ones that strap on (not flip-flops) because the water is swift. The water is high and can be dangerous in early season, but by mid-July, crossing is pretty straight forward.
After the river crossing, the trail winds through a very pretty forest with lots of fun surprises for those hikers who know what to look for (think huckleberries!) The elevation gain along the whole trail is approximately 600ft. There is one long section of downhill on the way out, which will feel much longer on the way back, but this is the only significant challenge along the trail.
The first campsite is at about 6 miles, the other is another half mile. To reserve a campsite, visit a ranger station in Yellowstone before you begin your hike. Campsite reservations may be made 48 hours in advance. The closest permit office to this area is at the Yellowstone South Entrance.
From the campsites, continue along the trail another mile. You will come to a horse hitching post and there is an unmarked trail that leads to the left. Following this trail for another half mile will bring you to Ouzel Pool (also known as Scout Pool), a thermally heated swimming hole with a small waterfall. Temperatures fluctuate between heated swimming pool and hot tub. The area under the waterfall is deep enough to swim around and even get a waterfall massage!
If you do not follow the trail leading to Ouzel Pool, continue along the main trail for another half mile and you will come to beautiful Union Falls. There is a great overlook where the entire falls is visible and you can feel the wind and spray from the falls. It is also possible to follow a steep trail down to the base of the falls. This area is very wet and slippery, so watch your footing. Also, the spray from the waterfall will definitely get you cold and wet.
The trip to Union Falls is a rewarding adventure in a quiet corner of Yellowstone. Like many of the trails that begin in the John D. Rockefeller, Jr. Memorial Parkway, visitors are rewarded with serene trails and unexpected surprises.
Did You Know?
Did you know that Jenny and Leigh Lakes are named for the fur trapper “Beaver” Dick Leigh and his wife Jenny (not pictured)? Beaver Dick and Jenny assisted the Hayden party that explored the region in 1872. This couple impressed the explorers to the extent that they named the lakes in their honor.