• Approximately 1,500 black bears live in the national park.

    Great Smoky Mountains

    National Park NC,TN

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  • Trail Advisory

    Several trails in the park are temporarily closed. Please check the "Backcountry Facilities" section of the Temporary Road and Facilities Closures page for further details. More »

Park Statistics

Acreage
Great Smoky Mountains National Park covers 521,085.66 acres. Of this total, 276,343.88 acres are in North Carolina and 244,741.78 acres are in Tennessee.

Visitation
More than 9.4 million recreational visits in 2010, which is the highest visitation of any of the 58 national parks. The second most heavily visited national park is Grand Canyon with 4.4 million visits, third is Yosemite with 3.9 million, fourth is Yellowstone with 3.6 million. Additional information

Economic Impact
The park provides an economic hub generating over $718 million a year for surrounding tourist communities.

Annual Budget
$20.3 million base budget in Fiscal Year 2010.

Developed Campgrounds
10 campgrounds with a total of 1000 sites, recording more than 350,000 camper nights annually.

Picnic Areas
11 picnic areas, totaling 1050 sites.

Backcountry Campsites
More than 100 sites, including shelters. More than 77,000 overnight visits per year.

Backcountry Trails
800+ miles with over 400,000 hikers annually. Approximately 70 miles of the Appalachian Trail run through the park.

Roads
384 miles total —238 are paved and 146 are unpaved.

Buildings
342 structures are maintained in the park. This number includes 78 historic structures located in five historic districts.

Mountains
Elevations in the park range from approximately 875 feet at the mouth of Abrams Creek to 6,643 feet at Clingmans Dome. Sixteen mountains peaks exceed 6,000 feet in elevation.

Streams
2,115 miles of streams.

Park Designations
International Biosphere Reserve (designated October 26, 1976) and World Heritage Site (designated December 6, 1983).

Personnel
Approximately 250 permanent and more than 100 seasonal.

Volunteers
3,713 volunteers donated 135,436 hours in Fiscal Year 2010.

Did You Know?

Fontana Lake is formed by Fontana Dam.

At 480 feet, Fontana Dam, located on the southwestern boundary of the park, is the tallest concrete dam east of the Rocky Mountains. The dam impounds the Little Tennessee River forming Fontana Lake and produces hydroelectric power. More...