• Approximately 1,500 black bears live in the national park.

    Great Smoky Mountains

    National Park NC,TN

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  • Spring Road Status

    During spring, park roads may close due to ice, especially at high elevation where wet roads can freeze as temperatures drop at night. For road status information call (865) 436-1200 ext. 631 or follow updates at http://twitter.com/SmokiesRoadsNPS. More »

Mammals Checklist

Mammals of Great Smoky Mountains National Park

Order MARSUPIALIA

DIDELPHIDAE

  • Virginia opossum Didelphis virginiana


Order INSECTIVORA

SORICIDAE

  • Masked shrew Sorex cinereus
  • Southeastern shrew Sorex longirostris
  • Appalachian water shrew Sorex palustris punctulatus
  • Smoky shrew Sorex fumeus
  • Long-tailed shrew Sorex dispar
  • Pygmy shrew Sorex hoyi winnemanna
  • Short-tailed shrew Blarina brevicauda
  • Least shrew Cryptotis parva

TALPIDAE

  • Hairy-tailed mole Parascalops breweri
  • Eastern mole Scalopus aquaticus aquaticus
  • Star-nosed mole Condylura cristata


Order CHIROPTERA

VESPERTILIONIDAE

  • Little brown myotis Myotis lucifugus
  • Northern myotis Myotis septentrionalis
  • Indiana myotis Myotis sodalis
  • Small-footed myotis Myotis leibii
  • Silver-haired bat Lasionycteris noctivagans
  • Eastern pipistrelle Pipistrellus subflavus
  • Big brown bat Eptesicus fuscus
  • Eastern red bat Lasiurus borealis
  • Hoary bat Lasiurus cinereus
  • Rafinesque’s big-eared bat Plecotus rafinesquii
  • Evening Bat Nycticeius humeralis


Order LAGOMORPHA

LEPORIDAE

  • Eastern cottontail Sylvilagus floridanus floridanus
  • Appalachian cottontail Sylvilagus obscurus


Order RODENTIA

SCIURIDAE

  • Eastern chipmunk Tamias striatus
  • Woodchuck Marmota monax
  • Gray squirrel Sciurus carolinensis
  • Eastern fox squirrel Sciurus niger
  • Red squirrel Tamiasciurus hudsonicus
  • Southern flying squirrel Glaucomys volans
  • Northern flying squirrel Glaucomys sabrinus

CASTORIDAE

  • American beaver Castor canadensis

CRICETIDAE

  • Marsh rice rat Oryzomys palustris palustris
  • Eastern harvest mouse Reithrodontomys humulis humulis
  • Deermouse Peromyscus maniculatus maniculatus
  • White-footed mouse Peromyscus leucopus leucopus
  • Cotton mouse Peromyscus gossypinus
  • Golden mouse Ochrotomys nuttalli
  • Hispid cotton rat Sigmodon hispidus hispidus
  • Allegheny woodrat Neotoma magister
  • Boreal red-backed mouse Clethrionomys gapperi gapperi
  • Meadow vole Microtus pennsylvanicus pennsylvanicus
  • Rock vole Microtus chrotorrhinus
  • Woodland vole Microtus pinetorum
  • Common muskrat Ondatra zibethicus
  • Southern bog lemming Synaptomys cooperi Stonei

MURIDAE

  • Black rat Rattus rattus (non-native)
  • Norway rat Rattus norvegicus norvegicus (non-native)
  • House mouse Mus musculus (non-native)

ZAPODIDAE

  • Meadow jumping mouse Zapus hudsonius
  • Woodland jumping mouse Napaeozapus Insignis


Order CARNIVORA

CANIDAE

  • Coyote Canis latrans
  • Red wolf Canis rufus floridanus (extirpated)
  • Gray wolf Canis lupus lycaon (extirpated)
  • Red fox Vulpes fulva fulva
  • Gray fox Urocyon cinereoargenteus cinereoargenteus

URSIDAE

  • Black bear Ursus americanus americanus

PROCYONIDAE

  • Raccoon Procyon lotor lotor

MUSTELIDAE

  • Fisher Martes pennanti (extirpated)
  • Long-tailed weasel Mustela frenata
  • Mink Mustela vison
  • Eastern spotted skunk Spilogale putorius
  • Striped skunk Mephitis mephitis
  • Northern river otter Lutra canadensis (reintroduced)

FELIDAE

  • Mountain lion Felis concolor (extirpated)
  • Bobcat Lynx rufus


Order ARTIODACYLA

SUIDAE

  • Wild hog Sus scrofa (non-native)

CERVIDAE

  • Wapiti or elk Cervus elaphus (extirpated, 5-year experimental release begun in 2001)
  • White-tailed deer Odocoileus virginianus virginianus

BOVIDAE

  • American bison Bos bison bison (extirpated)


Nomenclature from Jones, J.K., Jr., R.S. Hoffmann, D.W. Rice, C. Jones, R.J. Baker & M.D. Engstrom.

1992. Revised checklist of North American mammals north of Mexico, 1991. Occasional Papers, The Museum, Texas Tech University, Number 146.

Did You Know?

Great Smoky Mountains National Park is America's most visited national park.

Between 8-10 million people visit Great Smoky Mountains National Park each year, making it the most visited national park in the country.