• Approximately 1,500 black bears live in the national park.

    Great Smoky Mountains

    National Park NC,TN

Mammals Checklist

Mammals of Great Smoky Mountains National Park

Order MARSUPIALIA

DIDELPHIDAE

  • Virginia opossum Didelphis virginiana


Order INSECTIVORA

SORICIDAE

  • Masked shrew Sorex cinereus
  • Southeastern shrew Sorex longirostris
  • Appalachian water shrew Sorex palustris punctulatus
  • Smoky shrew Sorex fumeus
  • Long-tailed shrew Sorex dispar
  • Pygmy shrew Sorex hoyi winnemanna
  • Short-tailed shrew Blarina brevicauda
  • Least shrew Cryptotis parva

TALPIDAE

  • Hairy-tailed mole Parascalops breweri
  • Eastern mole Scalopus aquaticus aquaticus
  • Star-nosed mole Condylura cristata


Order CHIROPTERA

VESPERTILIONIDAE

  • Little brown myotis Myotis lucifugus
  • Northern myotis Myotis septentrionalis
  • Indiana myotis Myotis sodalis
  • Small-footed myotis Myotis leibii
  • Silver-haired bat Lasionycteris noctivagans
  • Eastern pipistrelle Pipistrellus subflavus
  • Big brown bat Eptesicus fuscus
  • Eastern red bat Lasiurus borealis
  • Hoary bat Lasiurus cinereus
  • Rafinesque’s big-eared bat Plecotus rafinesquii
  • Evening Bat Nycticeius humeralis


Order LAGOMORPHA

LEPORIDAE

  • Eastern cottontail Sylvilagus floridanus floridanus
  • Appalachian cottontail Sylvilagus obscurus


Order RODENTIA

SCIURIDAE

  • Eastern chipmunk Tamias striatus
  • Woodchuck Marmota monax
  • Gray squirrel Sciurus carolinensis
  • Eastern fox squirrel Sciurus niger
  • Red squirrel Tamiasciurus hudsonicus
  • Southern flying squirrel Glaucomys volans
  • Northern flying squirrel Glaucomys sabrinus

CASTORIDAE

  • American beaver Castor canadensis

CRICETIDAE

  • Marsh rice rat Oryzomys palustris palustris
  • Eastern harvest mouse Reithrodontomys humulis humulis
  • Deermouse Peromyscus maniculatus maniculatus
  • White-footed mouse Peromyscus leucopus leucopus
  • Cotton mouse Peromyscus gossypinus
  • Golden mouse Ochrotomys nuttalli
  • Hispid cotton rat Sigmodon hispidus hispidus
  • Allegheny woodrat Neotoma magister
  • Boreal red-backed mouse Clethrionomys gapperi gapperi
  • Meadow vole Microtus pennsylvanicus pennsylvanicus
  • Rock vole Microtus chrotorrhinus
  • Woodland vole Microtus pinetorum
  • Common muskrat Ondatra zibethicus
  • Southern bog lemming Synaptomys cooperi Stonei

MURIDAE

  • Black rat Rattus rattus (non-native)
  • Norway rat Rattus norvegicus norvegicus (non-native)
  • House mouse Mus musculus (non-native)

ZAPODIDAE

  • Meadow jumping mouse Zapus hudsonius
  • Woodland jumping mouse Napaeozapus Insignis


Order CARNIVORA

CANIDAE

  • Coyote Canis latrans
  • Red wolf Canis rufus floridanus (extirpated)
  • Gray wolf Canis lupus lycaon (extirpated)
  • Red fox Vulpes fulva fulva
  • Gray fox Urocyon cinereoargenteus cinereoargenteus

URSIDAE

  • Black bear Ursus americanus americanus

PROCYONIDAE

  • Raccoon Procyon lotor lotor

MUSTELIDAE

  • Fisher Martes pennanti (extirpated)
  • Long-tailed weasel Mustela frenata
  • Mink Mustela vison
  • Eastern spotted skunk Spilogale putorius
  • Striped skunk Mephitis mephitis
  • Northern river otter Lutra canadensis (reintroduced)

FELIDAE

  • Mountain lion Felis concolor (extirpated)
  • Bobcat Lynx rufus


Order ARTIODACYLA

SUIDAE

  • Wild hog Sus scrofa (non-native)

CERVIDAE

  • Wapiti or elk Cervus elaphus (extirpated, 5-year experimental release begun in 2001)
  • White-tailed deer Odocoileus virginianus virginianus

BOVIDAE

  • American bison Bos bison bison (extirpated)


Nomenclature from Jones, J.K., Jr., R.S. Hoffmann, D.W. Rice, C. Jones, R.J. Baker & M.D. Engstrom.

1992. Revised checklist of North American mammals north of Mexico, 1991. Occasional Papers, The Museum, Texas Tech University, Number 146.

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