Nature & Science
The Park contains several major ecosystems. Its great biological diversity can be attributed to the presence of five of the seven life zones and three of the four desert types in North America. The five life zones represented are the Lower Sonoran, Upper Sonoran, Transition, Canadian, and Hudsonian. This is equivalent to traveling from Mexico to Canada. The Park also serves as an ecological refuge, with relatively undisturbed remnants of dwindling ecosystems (such as boreal forest and desert riparian communities). It is home to numerous rare, endemic (found only at Grand Canyon), and specially protected (threatened or endangered) plant and animal species.
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Today, the California condor is regarded as one of the rarest birds in the world. By the 1980's fewer than two dozen condors lived in the wild.
Grand Canyon National Park has participated in the condor reintroduction program with encouraging results, making the park one of the easiest places to view California Condors. Learn how...
The construction and operation of Glen Canyon Dam fundamentally altered the Colorado River ecosystem.
Because of the importance of the Colorado River to the Desert Southwest, it is not surprising that there has been, and continues to be, considerable debate over how to share and manage this natural resource. Learn more...
Tamarisk reached the Grand Canyon area during the late 1920s and early 1930s, becoming a dominant riparian zone species along the Colorado River in 1963. Learn what the park is doing to control and remove tamarisk in order to allow native vegetation to recover.
Read about the Granite Camp/ Monument Creek Project here.
The Seeps and Springs Study inventories the biotic characteristics of South Rim springs and establishes a biologic baseline against which changes can be measured.
From this data scientists hope to gain an increased understanding of riparian (streamside) habitats and thus protect Grand Canyon's seeps and springs from possible future impacts.
Grand Canyon Natural Sounds
Natural sounds are an important part of Grand Canyon National Park. Rustling winds in the canyons and the rush of waters are the heartbeat and breath of some of our most valuable resources.
Biological Soil Crusts
Soil Crusts retard erosion by wind and water, help retain soil moisture during dry periods, slow evaporation rates, and enhance seedling establishment. These living crusts are extremely fragile and one footprint can set back development for decades.
In 2003, National Park Service wildlife biologists at Grand Canyon National Park initiated a radiotelemetry study of mountain lions in and around the park.
The purpose of this study is to gather information about lion behavior, including predation habits, reproductive activity, habitat selection, and other behaviors.
A Biologist's Biologist: Remembering Eric York
Grand Canyon National Park biologist Eric York unexpectedly passed away in the fall of 2007. Learn about Eric's research on the park's mountain lions and share in our remembrance of this great man. Park staff honor Eric each day by carrying on his research, and by sharing his passion for big cats, wildlife and wild places.
Did You Know?
There are approximately 1,737 known species of vascular plants, 167 species of fungi, 64 species of moss and 195 species of lichen found in Grand Canyon National Park. This variety is largely due to the 6,000 foot elevation change from the river up to the highest point on the North Rim. More...