• Miles of uncrowded white sandy beaches extend to the horizon, separating the clear blue ocean and undulating grass-covered dunes.

    Fire Island

    National Seashore New York

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  • New Backcountry Camping procedures

    Reservations for required permits must be obtained through Recreation.gov. Due to the breach at Old Inlet, access to both east and west wilderness camping zones must now be from Davis Park or access points west, and involve a 2½ to 10 mile hike. More »

Fire Island National Seashore Continues Wilderness Breach Evaluation

Breach at Old Inlet on Fire Island on November 10, 2012.
A view of the 250- to 230-foot-wide breach at Old Inlet on Fire Island, as it appeared on November 10, 2012.
NPS Photo/Abell

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Date: November 20, 2012
Contact: Paula Valentine, 631-687-4759
Contact: Chris Soller, 631-687-4752

Patchogue, New York - The force of wind and storm surge caused by Hurricane Sandy, October 29, 2012, caused two breaches within the boundaries of Fire Island National Seashore. The breaches on Fire Island occurred: (1) within Smith Point County Park; and (2) within the vicinity of Old Inlet in the Federal Wilderness Area. Within 48 hours of the storm the Breach Contingency Plan (BCP), put in place in 1997 to address any breaches that impact coastal Long Island from Fire Island Inlet east to Montauk Point, was implemented by a multi-agency group including the National Park Service (NPS), U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE), and New York State Department of Environmental Conservation. "The National Park Service is taking the breach seriously. Our goal is to monitor the breach closely and ensure that the long-term protection of the Long Island's south shore is taken into account," says Fire Island Superintendent Chris Soller. 

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), NPS, USACE, and other coastal experts have been regularly monitoring the wilderness breach conditions, water levels, and water quality in Great South Bay. The most recent data indicates the wilderness breach is approximately 230 feet in width at its widest point. The NPS and USGS will conduct a second deployment of instrumentation today to measure tidal exchange through the wilderness breach and breach morphology. 

The wilderness breach appears to be filling in through natural processes, the inlet remains stable, and water levels have returned to pre-Sandy levels. Experts from NY Sea Grant and Stony Brook University continue to monitor water levels in Great South Bay to ensure the levels remain within range and to update partner agencies so decisions can be made based on the best data available.   

The BCP calls for monitoring of the wilderness breach to determine if it will close on its own. Allowing breaches to fill naturally has substantial benefits to barrier islands such as Fire Island. These include improved water quality in the bay, sand movement into the bay that facilitates salt marsh development, widening the barrier island, increasing resiliency for future storms, and providing spawning grounds and habitat for marine species. The National Park Service is committed to closing the breach if it is determined that the wilderness breach will not close naturally and it is also determined that water levels have increased in Great South Bay along Long Island's south shore in the proximity of the breach. Any changes to the breach that contribute to water levels in Great South Bay exceeding pre-Sandy conditions would be addressed immediately.  

The breach at Smith Point County Park has filled in partially, and the USACE, now lead agency on the closure of the breach in the county park, will reinforce the breach with fill up to 9 feet.

For the latest status of impacts and re-openings, please visit the following links:

Did You Know?

Hike in light clothing walks down sandy trail through dense shrubs.

You can hike into New York State's only federally-designated wilderness area on Fire Island. Day trips into the Otis Pike Fire Island High Dune Wilderness provide an opportunity to sample the sensation of being miles away from civilization. More...