Key deer

NPS photo

More than 40 species of mammals inhabit Everglades National Park. Many species commonly associated with drier habitats of forest and fields have adapted to the semi-aquatic environment that constitutes much of the Everglades. It is not unusual to see white-tailed deer foraging for food in the sawgrass prairie, and bobcat can occasionally be seen foraging in the mangroves.

Only one representative of the rabbit family is frequently seen in the park. The marsh rabbit is common in higher freshwater marshes, pinelands, and coastal prairies. and can sometimes be seen swimming, for it has adapted to its "wet world." Cottontails also inhabit the park but are not commonly seen.

Raccoons and opossums are common creatures to most habitats. These creatures are omnivores and their diets vary, although the raccoon prefers turtle eggs and small aquatic animals. The opossum is the only marsupial (pouched) animal in the Everglades.

The gray fox is most frequently seen near hardwood hammocks. It is the only fox that can climb trees, especially leaning trees. The gray fox likes bushes and makes its den in the ground under roots and in tree hollows.

Streamlined river otters are commonly observed in the spring at the Anhinga Trail and Shark Valley. They are long, shiny, brown, seal-like animals that are often called the playboys of the 'glades. Their webbed back feet allow them to swim quickly through the water and they are typically seen feeding on turtles, fish, and an occasional baby gator.

White-tailed deer are the same species as those found throughout the eastern United States, but are smaller because they do not need an extra layer of fat to protect them from the winter cold. Everglades deer bed in hammocks when they are not feeding in the open sawgrass. Fawns are born in the spring months and are white-spotted for camouflage.

All plants and animals in Everglades National Park are protected by law. For your own safety, as well as the safety of the animals, please do not feed or harass any wildlife.

Click on the links below for a more detailed account of some of the mammals that inhabit Everglades National Park.

Species List for Everglades National Park¹
E = Federally Endangered
T = Federally Threatened
I = Invasive/Exotic
U = Unknown

Common Name Scientific Name


Order Artiodactyla (even-toed ungulates)

White-tailed deer

Odocoileus virginianus

Domestic pig Sus scrofa


Order Carnivora (meat-eating mammals)

Domestic dog

Canis familiaris


Florida panther Felis concolor coryi


Domestic cat Felis domesticus


River otter Lutra canadensis

Bobcat Lynx rufus

Striped skunk Mephitis mephitis

Long-tailed weasel Mustela frenata


Everglades mink Mustela vison

Coati Nasua narica


Raccoon Procyon lotor

Eastern spotted skunk Spilogale putorius


Grey fox Urocyon cineroargenteus

Black bear Ursus americanus

Red fox Vulpes vulpes


Order Cetacea (whales, dolphins, and porpoises)

Pilot whale Globicephala macrorhyncha

Atlantic bottlenosed dolphin Tursiops truncatus

Order Chiroptera (bats)

Florida bonneted bat
(formerly Florida mastiff bat)

Eumops floridanus
Eumops glaucinus floridanus)


Northern yellow bat
(also known as Florida yellow bat)

Lasiurus intermedius


Seminole bat Lasiurus seminolus


Evening bat Nycticeius humeralis


Brazilian free-tailed bat Tadarida brasiliensis


Order Cingulata (armored mammals)

Nine-banded armadillo Dasypus novemcinctus


Order Didelphimorphia (common opossums)

Opossum Didelphis marsupialis

Order Lagomorpha (rabbits and hares)

Eastern cottontail Sylvilagus floridana

Marsh rabbit Sylvilagus palustris

Order Rodentia (rodents)

Southern flying squirrel Glaucomys volans

House mouse Mus musculus


Roundtail muskrat Neofiber alleni

Rice rat Oryzomys palustris

Cotton mouse Peromyscus gossypinus

Norway rat Rattus norvegicus


Roof rat Rattus rattus


Gray squirrel Sciurus carolinensis

Fox squirrel Sciurus niger

Cotton rat Sigmodon hispidus

Order Sirenia (manatees and dugongs)

West Indian manatee

Trichechus manatus

Order Soricomorpha (shrews and moles)

Short-tailed shrew

Blarina brevicauda

Least shrew

Cryptotis parva

Eastern mole

Scalopus aquaticus



¹Robertson, W.B. & Kushlan, J.A. (2006) Mammals of Everglades National Park. Miami: Everglades Association.

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