• Many Glacier Hotel at Glacier National Park, Montana

    DSC Workflows

Definitions - F

An easy-to-remember 3-digit telephone number, available nationwide, that provides current information about travel conditions, allowing travelers to make better choices—choice of time, choice of mode of transportation, choice of route. Information can be found at the following website: http://www.cflhd.gov/ttoolkit/flt/default.htm.

Facility Condition Index (FCI)
The FCI as defined is a simple measure of a facility's relative condition at a particular point in time. The FCI is the value of all deficiencies divided by the current replacement value. The higher the facility condition index, the worse the condition.

A summary table shall be provided indicating this calculation for each building at the facility.

FCI < .10 Good condition rating
FCI = .11 - .14 Fair condition rating
FCI = .15 - .49 Poor condition rating
FCI > .50 Serious condition rating
Heritage assets - strongly consider stabilization / restoration
Non-heritage assets - strongly consider replacement

Facility Planning Model
An electronic tool that can be utilized to estimate space requirements and develop Class C Cost estimates during the formulation of the PMIS Project Statement.

Fair Opportunity
In accordance with FAR 16.505(b), the contracting officer must provide each awardee a fair opportunity to be considered for each order exceeding $2,500 issued under multiple delivery-order contracts or multiple task-order contracts.

FAR - Federal Acquisition Regulation

Fare box
Revenues collected by transit operators from passenger fares.

FAST Diagram - Function Analysis System Technique Diagram

FCI - Facility Condition Index

A prominent or distinctive aspect, quality, or characteristic of a historic structure. See also Character-Defining Feature.

Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
The FHWA is an organizational unit within the United States Department of Transportation (USDOT) that deals with highway transportation in its broadest scope; administering all Federal highway transportation programs.

Federal Lands Highway (FLH)
The Office of Federal Lands Highway (FLH) provides program stewardship and transportation engineering services for planning, design, construction, and rehabilitation of the highways and bridges that provide access to and through federally owned lands. FHWA's initial partnership began with the U.S. Forest Service in 1914 and expanded to the National Park Service in 1926.

Federal Transit Administration (FTA)
The Federal Transit Administration is one of 10 modal administrations within the U.S. Department of Transportation. The FTA administers federal funding to support a variety of locally planned, constructed, and operated public transportation systems throughout the rail, commuter rail, streetcars, monorail, passenger ferry boats, inclined railways, and people movers.

Federal Wage Rate Factor
The Federal Wage Rate Factor is the cost that results from meeting the legal requirement of the Davis-Bacon Act.

The Davis-Bacon Act, as amended, requires that each contract over $2,000 to which the United States or the District of Columbia is a party for the construction, alteration, or repair of public buildings or public works shall contain a clause setting forth the minimum wages to be paid to various classes of laborers and mechanics employed under the contract. Under the provisions of the Act, contractors or their subcontractors are to pay workers employed directly upon the site of the work no less than the locally prevailing wages and fringe benefits paid on projects of a similar character. The Davis-Bacon Act directs the Secretary of Labor to determine such local prevailing wage rates.

Construction contractors awarded a National Park Service construction project, at a minimum, must pay their employees according to the appropriate county Davis-Bacon wage rates. In areas with strong labor unions, the Davis-Bacon wage rates generally exceed prevailing wage rates reflected in the published location factors. Therefore, there typically needs to be an adjustment to the construction cost estimate to reflect this government wage rates requirement.

FHWA - Federal Highway Administration

Field Operations Technical Support Center (FOTSC)
A field office of the Washing Park Facility Management Division of the NPS, FOTSC manages a motor vehicle count program and supports traffic data collection efforts. A field office of the Washington Park Facility Management Division of the NPS, FOTSC manages a motor vehicle count program, supports traffic data collection efforts, and provides professional advice and technical direction specifically for facility management, park operations and maintenance activities.

Final Acceptance
See Acceptance.

Final Design Concepts
In consultation with NPS, Final Design Concepts are chosen (and revised if necessary) prior to further development as Schematic Design Alternatives. Rough thumbnail sketches, study models, electronic images, and annotation are used to convey these Design Concepts.

Final Inspection
A final inspection is held and a final punch list generated when the project has been completed in accordance with the plans and specifications and is ready for its intended use.

Finding of No Significant Impact (FONSI)
An explanation of why the selected action will have no significant effects on the human environment. It is based on the Environmental Assessment (EA) and comments of agencies and the public. The FONSI states which alternative has been selected, very briefly describes other alternatives considered in the EA, and discusses how criteria were used and how they were weighed in the selection process.

Fiscal Year (FY)
Annual schedule for keeping financial records and for budgeting transportation funds. For example, California's fiscal year runs from July 1 through June 30, while the Federal fiscal year (FFY) runs from October 1 through September 30.

Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS or USFWS)
One of the two federal agencies charged with implementing §7 of the Endangered Species Act. http://www.fws.gov/.

Flexible Funding
Unlike funding that flows only to highways or only to transit by a fixed formula, this money can be invested in a range of transportation projects. Examples of flexible funding categories include the Surface Transportation Program, Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality improvement program, and National Highway System and transit formula program.

FLH - Federal Lands Highway

Flood Zone
The land bordering a stream that is subject to floods of about equal frequency.

Flow Diagrams
A study or analysis of pedestrian and vehicular movement to determine the feasibility of the program. (AIA)

FONSI - Finding of No Significant Impact

Documents (printed or electronic) with rigid formatting and spaces in which to write or enter data.

FOTSC - Field Operations Technical Support Center

Fringe Benefits
Allowances and services provided by the contractor to its employees as compensation in addition to regular wages and salaries. Fringe benefits include, but are not limited to, the cost of vacations, sick leave, holidays, military leave, employee insurance, and supplemental unemployment benefit plans. (FAR 31.205-6(m)(1))

FTA - Federal Transit Administration

Fully Developed Schematic Design Preferred Alternative
The schematic design preferred alternative documents include building and site plans, elevations, and sections in sufficient detail to illustrate the functional and programmatic requirements of the preferred alternative fom the Value Analysis. The preferred alternative is fully developed to adequately define the buildings, site development and systems including structural, mechanical, electrical, water and wastewater analyses; energy analysis; and materials analysis.

Functional Adjacencies
During Predesign, client data is translated into programmatic bubble diagrams and narratives that address how strongly a particular site or building function might relate to another. The result is the degree of adjacency between given functional building spaces or site elements. This process can be carried out on either proposed or existing designs to document functional adjacencies.

Function Analysis System Technique (FAST) Diagram
Diagram verifying the correctness of the function definitions and showing their interrelationships. It identifies and separates them into higher order, basic, and required secondary functions.

Functional Requirements
Historic structures and cultural landscapes that serve park staff or visitors are generally expected to meet modern life safety, fire protection, energy efficiency and conservation, hazardous materials abatement, and accessibility (ABA) standards, although their character may impose limitations on functional modifications and adjacent development and programmatic access may be required for inaccessible spaces.

FWS - Fish and Wildlife Service

FY - Fiscal Year