• western bluebirds


    National Monument New Mexico

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  • Access by Shuttle Bus Only

    Through October 27, 2014 all access to the most visited part of the park, Frijoles Canyon, will be via a mandatory shuttle bus from the nearby community of White Rock from 9 AM - 3 PM daily. Private cars may drive in before 9 AM or after 3 PM. More »

Main Loop Trail Stop 12

Main Loop Trail Stop 12

This is a reconstructed house to show what the cliff homes would have looked like

NPS Photo by Stella Carroll

This house was reconstructed in 1920 to give visitors an idea of how some cliff homes may have looked. New archeological information suggests this reconstruction may not be completely accurate. Entry to this dwelling, as in Tyuonyi, was probably through a doorway in the roof, not in the front of the structure.

Rows of viga holes indicate the level of the roofs of the structures built in front of the cavates. These small dwellings would have had mud-plastered walls and floors that needed constant maintenance.

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Did You Know?

Pinon cone with nuts

Pinon nuts are rich in vitamins, flavor, and calories (3,000 per pound). Although produced in abundance only every 7 to 10 years, these nuts were a valuable native food source for the Ancestral Pueblo people. More...