• Long House in Frijoles Canyon

    Bandelier

    National Monument New Mexico

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  • Access by Shuttle Bus Only

    Through October 27, 2014 all access to the most visited part of the park, Frijoles Canyon, will be via a mandatory shuttle bus from the nearby community of White Rock from 9 AM - 3 PM daily. Private cars may drive in before 9 AM or after 3 PM. More »

Main Loop Trail Stop 11

Main Loop Trail Stop 11

Came Rooms are classified as cavates

NPS Photo by Stella Carroll

These cave rooms, classified as cavates (CAVE-eights) by Edgar Lee Hewett, an early archeologist, were dug out of the cliff wall. Even though the tuff is soft it would have been quite a task to carve them using only stone tools. Most cavates had stone rooms built in front of them, such as the one you will see at the next stop. The lower walls of cavates were usually plastered and painted while the ceilings were smoke-blackened. Smoking the ceilings hardened the volcanic tuff and made it less crumbly.

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Did You Know?

Macaw

Ancestral Pueblo people traded items such as fine quality obsidian and pottery from this area for items such as macaws, copper bells, and seashells from distant lands.