• Bandelier Sunset

    Bandelier

    National Monument New Mexico

Year-round and Winter Birds

 
western bluebird

Photo by Sally King

WESTERN BLUEBIRD (Sialia mexicana)
Wingspan 13.5"
Common year-round but more common on the mesas in the winter. Frequently cavity-nest near the campground and in Frijoles Canyon.
 
male mountain bluebird

Photo by Sally King

MOUNTAIN BLUEBIRD (Sialia currucoides)
Wingspan 14"
Less common than the Western Bluebird, the Mountain Bluebird is mostly found on the scrubby mesas. Burnt Mesa Trail is a good place to see them.
 
scrub jay

Photo by Sally King

WESTERN SCRUB-JAY (Aphelocoma californica)
Wingspan 15.5"
Extremely common, especially in the Pinon-Juniper woodland but also in Frijoles Canyon. Can be a pest in the picnic grounds and campground by begging for food. PLEASE DON'T FEED THEM.

 
stellers jay

Photo by Sally King

STELLER'S JAY (Cyanocitta stelleri)
Wingspan 19"
Common especially in the riparian areas and higher elevation of the park. For uncertain reasons, less common in Frijoles Canyon in the last few years than previously.
 
pinyon jay 2

Photo by Sally King

PINON JAY (Gymnorhinus cyanocephalus)
Wingspan 19"
Sporadic in its appearance in the park. Mostly on the mesatops. Follows the bounty of nuts from the Pinon Pine, which only produce riches of nuts every 7 - 10 years.
 
Hairy Woodpecker

NPS Photo by Sally King

HAIRY WOODPECKER (Picoides villosus)
Wingspan 15"
Common in all parts of the park. Has longer bill and larger size than Downy Woodpecker.
 
Downy Woodpecker (female)

NPS Photo by Sally King

DOWNY WOODPECKER (Picoides pubescens)
Wingspan 12"
Relatively common throughout the park. Male is distinguished from female by presence of a red crown.
 
red naped sapsucker

Photo by Sally King

RED-NAPED SAPSUCKER (Sphyrapicus nuchalis)
Wingspan 16"
Uncommon but can be seen in Frijoles Canyon. Mostly seen in spring and fall.
 
male williamson sapsucker 7

Photo by Sally King

WILLIAMSON'S SAPSUCKER (Sphyrapicus thyroideus)
Wingspan 17"
Somewhat common in all parts of the park. Females look completely different than males. They are brown with heavily striped feathers on their backs and a yellow breast.

 
williamson sapsucker f 4
Female Williamson Sapsucker
Photo by Sally King
 
canyon wren 2

Photo by Sally King

CANYON WREN (Catherpes mexicanus)
Wingspan 7.5"
Extremely common all year long in all parts of the park but especially the canyons. Often can be heard issuing its distinctive cry long before it is seen.
 
Winter Wren

NPS Photo by Sally King

WINTER WREN (Troglodytes troglodytes)
Wingspan 5.5"
Rare here but has been seen in Frijoles Canyon in the winter.
 
Canyon Towhee

NPS Photo by Sally King

CANYON TOWHEE (Pipilo fuscus)
Wingspan 11.5"
Common year around in many areas of the park including Frijoles Canyon. Like scrubby areas like around Long House on the Main Loop Trail.
 
Spotted Towhee

NPS Photo by Sally King

SPOTTED TOWHEE (Pipilo maculatus)
Wingspan 10.5"
Common in all parts of the park especially on the brushy mesatops. Has a distinct call and is often heard but not seen.
 
Ruby-crowned Kinglet

NPS Photo by Sally King

RUBY-CROWNED KINGLET (Regulus calendula)
Wingspan 7.5"
Common year round but especially in winter. Often with mixed flocks.
 
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Golden-crowned Kinglet

NPS Photo by Sally King

GOLDEN-CROWNED KINGLET (Regulus satrapa)
Wingspan 7"
Usually uncommon but was very common in mixed flocks during the winter of 2006-2007.
 
townsends solitaire 3

Photo by Sally King

TOWNSEND'S SOLITAIRE (Myadestes townsendi)
Wingspan 14.5"
Mostly in spring, winter, and fall. More common on the mesas but also seen in the canyon.
 
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american kestral

Photo by Sally King

AMERICAN KESTRAL (Falco sparverius)
Wingspan 22"
Uncommon in the park. Most often seen at top of tree or perched on power lines, poles watching for prey. Best place to see them in the park is the entrance road.
 
de junco 4

Photo by Sally King

DARK-EYED JUNCO (Junco hyemalis)
Wingspan 9.25"
Extremely common throughout the park. More common in the canyons and lower elevations in the winter and higher elevations in the summer.
 
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Common Raven

NPS Photo by Sally King

COMMON RAVEN (Corvus corax)
Wingspan 53"
Extremely common year-round throughout the park. Often hang out in the visitor center parking lot raiding any food items or trash left unsecured. Please don't tempt them by leaving food or trash in open vehicles.
 
Flammulated Owl

NPS Photo by Sally King

FLAMMULATED OWL (Otus flammeolus)
Wingspan 16"
Uncommon and rarely seen in wild. Plumage makes excellent camouflage. Probably more often present than sightings would indicate.
 
northern pygmy owl

Photo by Sally King

NORTHERN PYGMY-OWL (Glaucidium gnoma)
Wingspan 12"
Uncommon but most often seen of the owls. Hunts early in the morning and evening. Not just active at night. Has been seen along the Main Loop Trail and on the Falls Trail.
 
Western Screech Owl

NPS Photo by Sally King

WESTERN SCREECH OWL (Otus kennicottii)
Wingspan 20"
Very uncommon. Active at night.
 
Brown Creeper

NPS Photo by Sally King

BROWN CREEPER (Certhia americana)
Wingspan 7.75"
Uncommon in the park overall but common in the riparian areas. In winter often with mixed flocks. More common after a rain or snow event.
 
white breasted nuthatch 8

Photo by Sally King

WHITE-BREASTED NUTHATCH (Sitta carolinensis)
Wingspan 11"
Common in the riparian areas of the park. In winter, often with mixed flocks.
 
pygmy nuthatch b

Photo by Sally King

PYGMY NUTHATCH (Sitta pygmaea)
Wingspan 7.75"
Common throughout the park. Smallest of the nuthatches and the most prevalent in the area.
 
red breasted nuthatch

Photo by Sally King

RED-BREASTED NUTHATCH (Sitta canadensis)
Wingspan 8.5"
Uncommon but can be found in the park on the mesas. Sometimes in mixed flock with other nuthatches.
 
mountain chickadee

Photo by Sally King

MOUNTAIN CHICKADEE (Poecile gambeli)
Wingspan 8.5"
Common in the riparian areas, uncommon in the rest of the park. In winter, often are in mixed flocks with nuthatches, titmice, and kinglets.
 
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American Robin

NPS Photo by Sally King

AMERICAN ROBIN (Turdus migratorius)
Wingspan 17"
Common year-round throughout the park. Frequently nest in the riparian areas. Young birds look like their parents but have a speckled breast.
 
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