The site of Camp Sumter Military Prison (commonly called Andersonville) is preserved as a focal point of the the National Historic Site. The prison site is 26.5 acres outlined with double rows of white posts. Two sections of the stockade wall have been reconstructed, the north gate and the northeast corner. The prison at Camp Sumter was established early 1864 to provide a place to hold Union prisoners captured by Confederate forces. In only 14 months of operation, 45,000 men were imprisoned here and nearly 13,000 Union prisoners died here.
NPS/Andersonville National Historic Site
Andersonville National Cemetery
National Prisoner of War Museum
Did You Know?
Inside the Andersonville prison was a vibrant free market economy. Prisoner George Fechtner recounted that, “there were a number of barber shops there where men could get shaved, their hair cut and whiskers dyed, and some of them carried on the doctoring business. They would buy their dyeing articles to work with, their soap and other things, from new arrivals.” Other prisoners operated stores, sold firewood, and repaired clothes and shoes.