Civil War Prisoner Burials
A. J. Riddle/National Archives
The burial trenches used to provide a final resting place for the Union prisoners who died here during the operation of Camp Sumter in 1864 & 1865 form the bulk of the graves found in today's National Cemetery.
The dead were buried side by side, and each body was identified by name when possible and assigned a number. Grave numbers were placed on primitive wooden markers, later replaced by the United States Army in 1865.
Did You Know?
Two unknown Union soldiers are buried in Grave 13,718. These prisoner deaths were discovered in 1899 when heavy rains exposed their remains within the prison site. It is thought that they died as a result of suffocation from a cave-in or a shelter or well.