Courtyard Garden

Visitor Center Garden
Tumacácori visitor center garden

NPS Photo

The courtyard garden at Tumacácori was built in 1939 as part of the visitor center construction. In the garden are many plants that were imported from Europe and brought to their missions by the padres. Once established, it took time, often years, before a mission had all its components. However, given the necessary time and money, it was certain that its missionary would see to the construction of a church, with workshops and classrooms surrounding a courtyard. Universally located in the courtyard, was a fountain, surrounded by a fruit and herb garden. In the mid-1700's when the first church was constructed at Tumacácori, there was undoubtedly a garden similar to the one located at the visitor center today.

Other than the section of native plants of the Sonoran Desert, the vegetation growing in the garden represents plants introduced to this area by the Padres. There are herb specimens, such as rosemary, thyme, and myrtle. Trees include apricot, olive, pomegranate, and monk's pepper.

 
Pomegranite
Ornamental Pomegranate Flower

The Tumacácori garden and grounds have both ornamental pomegranate trees, with carnation – like flowers and fruit – bearing pomegranates.

The pomegranate is a small tree native to the Middle East. It has been cultivated in the Mediterranean region since ancient times. Spanish settlers brought it to the new world, and the priests carried it north with the missions. As befits a fruit with many seeds, the pomegranate is a traditional symbol of fertility.

 
overhead map with numbers marking plant locations
Updated May 2017
Courtyard garden plant list and key
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Latin name Common Name Location
Prunus persica 'Bonanza II' Miniature Bonanza Peach 1
Borago officinalis Borage 2
Vitus vinifera Mission Grapes 4
Laurus nobilis Bay Laurel 5
Achellia millifolium Yarrow 6
Philadelphus microphyllus Little Leaf Mock Orange 7
Poliomintha maderensis Lavender Spice 8
Salvia clevelandii Cleveland's Sage/Chapparel Sage 10
Zauschneria latifolia Hummingbird Bush 11
Lavandula dentata 'Goodwin Creek' Lavender 12
Rosa arizonica AZ Rose 13
Hemerocallis Day Lily 14
Prunus virginiana Chokecherry 15
Potentilla fruticosa Bush Cinquefoil 16
Lobelia laxiflora Sierra Madre Lobelia 17
Glandillaria goodingii Gooding's Verbena 18
Rosa damascena semperflorens Autumn Damask Rose 20
Rosa gallica officinalis Apothecary or Gallica Rose 21
Rosaceae fendleri Fendler Rose 22
Artemisia ludoviciana Wormwood Sage 23
Verbena tenuisecta Moss Verbena 24
Iris Iris 25
Vitex Monk's Pepper, Chaste Tree 26
Viola Violets 27
Levisticum officinale Lovage 28
Salvia blepherophylia Eyelash Leaved Sage 29
Salvia greggii Autumn Sage 30
Althea rosea Hollyhocks 31
Aloysia wrightii Wright's Bee Brush 32
Myrtus communis Roman Myrtle 33
Prunus armeniaca Apricot 35
Prunus x domestica Plum 36
Pyrus communis Pear 37
Olea europaea Olive 38
Punica granatum Ornamental Pomegranate 39
Aquilegia chrysantha Columbine, Golden 40
Prosopis velutina Velvet Mesquite 41
Cydonia oblonga Quince 42
Citrus aurantium Sour Orange 43
Salvia apiana White Sage 44
Sphaeralcea ambigua v. ambigua Globe Mallow 45
Sphaeralcea ambigua v rosacea Rose Globe Mallow 46
Plumbago scandens White Plumbago 47
Chrysactinia mexicana Damianita 48
Ficus carica v. Black Mission Black Mission Fig 49
Lonicera sempervirens Coral or Hummingbird Honeysuckle 50
Punica granatum Pomegranate 51
Aristolochia watsonii Native Pipevine 52
Chenopodium ambrosioides Epazote 53
Stachys coccinea Scarlet Betony 55
Mirabilis multiflora Colorado Four O'clocks 56
Chamaemelum nobile Roman Chamomile 57
Poliomintha maderensis * Mexican Oregano 58
Salvia henryi Crimson Sage 59
Ageratum corymbosum Butterfly Mist 60
Thymus vulgaris Thyme 62
Silybum marianum Milk Thistle 63
Origanum marjorana Marjoram 64
Clematis drummondii Virgin's Bower, Old Man's Beard 65
Rhus ovata Sugar Sumac 66
Capsicum annum vr glabriusculum Chiltepin 67
Rosmarinus officinalis Rosemary 68
Anemopsis californica Yerba Mansa 69
Agave murphyii Murphy's Century Plant, Hohokam Agave 70
Dasylirion wheeleri Desert Spoon, Sotol 71
Agave parryi Parry's Agave 72
Agave lophantha Agave Lophantha 73
Agave victoriae-reginae Queen Victoria's Agave 74
Tagetes lucida Tarragon 75
Ferocactus wislizeni Fishhook Barrel Cactus 76
Aloe barbadensis Aloe Vera 77
Nolina microcarpa Beargrass, Sacahuista 78
Dasylirion quadrangulatum Toothless Desert Spoon 79
Salvia chamaedryoides Mexican Blue Sage 80
Brickellia californica Bricklebush 81
Brickellia amplexicaele Earleaf Bricklebush 82
Isomeris tenuisecta Bladderpod 83
Allium cernuum Nodding's Onion 85
Melampodium leucanthum Blackfoot Daisy 86
Gossypium thurberi Desert Cotton 87
Ratibida columnaris Mexican Hat 88
Monarda didyma Bee Balm, Bergamot 89
Origanum vulgare Oregano 91
Jatropha cuneata Limberbush 92
Datura wrightii Sacred Datura 93
Tulbaghia violacea Society Garlic 94
Heterotheca subaxillaris Camphor, Arnica 96
Allium schoenoprasum Chives 97
Corriandum sativum Cilantro 98
Ocimum basilicum Sweet Basil 101
Vinca minor Dwarf Periwinkle 101
Foeniculum vulgare Fennel 102
Echinocereus pentalophus Ladyfinger Cactus 103
Melissa officinalis Lemon Balm 104
Mentha piperita Peppermint 106
Ruta graveolens Rue 107
Rumex acetosa Sorrel 108
Mentha spicata Spearmint 109
Satureja hortensis Summer Savory 110
Allium cepa var.aggregatum I'itoi Multiplier Onions 112
Satureja montana Winter Savory 112
Symphytotrichum lanceolatum Day of the Dead Daisies 113
Tropaeolum majus Nasturtiums 113
Poliomintha maderensis Trailing Mexican Oregano, Rosemary Mint 116
Agave univittata Thorncrested Agave 117
Ephedra nevadensis Morman Tea 118
Prunus pumila besseyi Western Sand Cherry 119
Aloysia citrodora Lemon Verbena 120
Sideroxylon lanuginosum Sapota, Buckthorn Bumelia 121
Tanacetum parthenium Feverfew 122
Hypericum calycinum St. John's Wort 123
Mentha pulegium Pennyroyal 124
Aloe maculata Aloe 125
Canna Canna Lily 126
Oenothera fremontii Evening Primrose 127
Passiflora arizonica Passion Flower 128
Hyssop offinalis Hyssop 129
Coreopsis verticillata Coreopsis 'Moonbeam' 130
Artemisia absinthium Wormwood 130
Dicliptera resupinata AZ Foldwing 131
Petroselinum crispum Parsley 98, 105

Updated January 2018
 

Last updated: December 30, 2017

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Mailing Address:

P.O. Box 8067
Tumacacori, AZ 85640

Phone:

(520) 377-5060

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