The wealth of Tumacácori, such as it was along the frontier of New Spain, lay in its cattle and livestock. Ranching was an important economic and cultural driver in the region.
The first working livestock ranch in what is today the State of Arizona, it was established by Juan Bautista de Anza in 1728 near the Guevavi Mission. After having been an working cattle rance for over 250 years, it is today operated as a bed and breakfast known as Hacienda Corona.
Just west of the town of Amado, Arizona, the Sópori Ranch, established by Juan Bautista de Anza in the early 1730's is still an operating ranch today.
Santa Barbara Ranch
Located in the San Luis Valley on the upper Santa Cruz River about ten miles south of the present international border between Arizona and Mexico, the Santa Barbara Ranch was established by Diego Romero in 1726 or 1727.
Santa Ana Ranch
Santa Ana was an estancia, or ranching community (and still is) south of Magdalena, Sonora.