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Paul S. Sarbanes Transit In Parks Program
The Paul S. Sarbanes Transit in Parks Program addresses the challenges of increasing vehicle congestion in and around national parks and other federal lands.National parks face traffic, pollution and crowding that diminishes the visitor experience and threatens the environment. This program provides funding for alternative transportation systems such as shuttle buses, rail connections, and bicycle trails.

The Transit In Parks program is administered by the U.S. Department of Transportation, together with the Department of the Interior and the U.S. Forest Service. Eligible funding recipients include federal land management agencies (FLMAs) that manage eligible areas, including, but not limited to:

  • Bureau of Land Management (BLM)
  • Bureau of Reclamation (BR)
  • National Park Service (NPS)
  • U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS)
  • U.S. Forest Service (USFS)

Eligible recipients also include state, tribal, or local governmental authorities with jurisdiction over land in the vicinity of an eligible area acting with the consent of the FLMA. Project areas may also include the communities and land surrounding federal lands.

Eligible Activities
Program funds may support capital and planning expenses for new or existing alternative transportation systems in the vicinity of an eligible area. Alternative transportation includes transportation by bus, rail, or any other publicly available means of transportation and includes sightseeing service. It also includes non-motorized transportation systems such as pedestrian and bicycle trails. Operating costs, such as fuel and drivers' salaries, are not eligible expenses.

Program Resources
Federal Lands Alternative Transportation Systems Study: Summary of National ATS Needs
Section 3039 of the Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century (TEA-21) required the Secretary of Transportation, in coordination with the Secretary of the Interior, to "undertake a comprehensive study of alternative transportation needs in national parks and related Federal Lands." This report study identified significant alternative transportation needs at sites managed by the National Park Service (NPS), the Bureau of Land Management (BLM), and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS).
PDF | 1.46 MB

Innovative Transportation Planning Partnerships to Enhance National Parks and Gateway Communities
Case studies of transportation solutions in National Parks and their surrounding communities conducted by the Texas Transportation Institute and Cambridge Systematics, Inc., October 2009, for the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO). PDF | 723 KB

Good Practices to Encourage Bicycling & Pedestrians on Federal Lands-December 2011
This 120-page document, developed by the Federal Transit Administration/Paul S. Sarbanes Transit In Parks Technical Assistance Center, covers a variety of methods that can be employed to encourage more bicycling and pedestrian activity in our national parks, national forests, and other public lands. Topics include needs assessments, bicycle and pedestrian network planning, design guidelines, partnerships, costs and funding analysis, education and enforcement programs, and much more.  PDF | 4.3 MB