The NPS transportation mission states:
The National Park Service will preserve and protect resources while providing safe and enjoyable access within the national park system units for all people by using sustainable, appropriate, integrated transportation systems and services.
The NPS Transportation group has identified three broad goals to ensure that improvements to transportation systems in the national park system are consistent with the NPS mission:
- To provide high-quality transportation infrastructure and services to all people;
- To deliver efficient and effective transportation infrastructure projects and services; and
- To serve as a leader and innovator in transportation, as well as in cooperating with local, regional, state, federal, and industry partners.
Transportation System Objectives and Performance Measures
The NPS has developed three objectives and related performance measures to assess and monitor overall transportation system performance and maintenance. Because most of the NPS transportation infrastructure is a roadway-based, most of the objectives and measures relate to the NPS road system:
(a) Transportation Asset Condition: To improve the overall condition of the park transportation system by efficient and effective use of limited resources. Measures would include:
- improved roadway pavement condition as measured by the Facility Condition Index (FCI) and the Pavement Condition Rating (PCR) compared to prior year and baseline and measured at the park, region, and servicewide levels
- improved bridge and tunnel conditions as measured by the Facility Condition Index and the National Bridge Inventory Program structure sufficiency rating compared to prior year and baseline and measured at park, region, and servicewide levels
(b) Transportation Safety: To provide safe transportation infrastructure and services for all visitors and NPS staff, and to reduce accident rates through increased awareness and implementation of accident reduction strategies. Measures would include:
- the number of and severity of accidents (resulting in fatalities, injuries, and/or property damage) on park roads as compared to prior year and baseline, reported for parks with high traffic volumes and at region and servicewide levels
- the percentage of parks with high traffic volumes with Road Safety Audit-based intervention studies completed, recommendations addressed, and post- implementation reports
- the maintenance of a system that accurately and efficiently (without creating undue burden on field staff) collects accident data from the parks and reports accident rates and trends at the park, region, and servicewide levels
(c) Visitor Experience: To provide transportation services that are convenient and enjoyable for all visitors and consistent with the mission of the NPS to protect and preserve the park resource. Measures would include:
- the satisfaction level of park visitors with key factors (available access, safety, minimal congestion, etc.) associated with travel within park units should be (to be determined)
- the loss of public access due to closed or washed-out roads, reduced load bridges, etc. should be minimized
Program Management and Performance Measures
Program Management and Performance Measures
(a) To provide a high-quality experience to all visitors using the park transportation system. Measures would include:
- the number of park units with primary park roads with a Facility Condition Index of (to be determined) or better
- the percentage of visitors using park roads with a Facility Condition Index of (to be determined) or better
(b) To reduce the transportation system impacts on park resources. Measures would include:
- the percentage of FLTP projects that include mitigation of pre-construction conditions (excessive runoff, wildlife kills, cultural and natural resource impact, etc.)
(c) To manage the park transportation system efficiently and effectively, indicators are needed both for condition and program and administrative efficiency. Such measures would include:
- the percentage of funds obligated for each fiscal year of total funds available for obligation, by region and nationally
- the delivery costs (i.e. planning, design, maintenance and construction supervision) for construction projects (by region and nationally) compared to the historic average of 32% of net construction
- the percentage of FLTP projects with current status reports available in a shared project management system
- the percentage of parks with current data on transportation factors included in the various transportation management systems.
(d) To serve as leaders and models for innovation in transportation services. Measures would include:
- the number of parks and FLTP projects that have been assessed to identify appropriate opportunities to employ new and proven technology to solve a park transportation challenge (e.g., clean fuel vehicles, construction materials, alternative modes, Intelligent Transportation Systems, Trip Planning, etc. ).