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Library > Articles > Alternative Transportation


Rules for Designating Bicycle Routes on Federal Lands - August 2012;  National Park Service, Department of the Interior
This rule amends current regulations for designating bicycle routes and managing bicycle use within park units throughout the National Park System. It authorizes park superintendents to open existing trails to bicycle use within park units under specific conditions, in accordance with appropriate plans and in compliance with applicable law. It also retains the current requirement for a special regulation to authorize construction of new trails for bicycle use outside developed areas. The ruling became effective August 6, 2012.  

Federal Highway Administration Course on Bicycle and Pedestrian Transportation - July 2006;  Federal Highway Administration.
The transportation, urban planning, and public health professions are placing an increased emphasis on walking and bicycling as part of the solution to problems such as traffic congestion, suburban sprawl, and childhood obesity. An interdisciplinary approach from educated professionals is needed to create healthy, sustainable, and livable communities. The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) University Course on Bicycle and Pedestrian Transportation is one of several resources that can be used to prepare the next generation of professionals for the challenges ahead. The course is formed of a collection of .pdf documents and PowerPoint presentations. 

National Park Service Accomplishments in Alternative Transportation - 2003;  National Park Service, Department of the Interior
The Alternative Transportation Program (ATP) Accomplishments brochure, produced by the NPS Park Facility Management Division in 2003, outlines ATP core accomplishments relative to ATP goals. The brochure highlights the successes jointly achieved by NPS and their partners with recently implemented alternative transportation systems. (PDF | 393 Kb)

Federal Lands Alternative Transportation Systems Study - 2003;  National Park Service, Department of the Interior
The Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century, more popularly known as "TEA-21,"was passed by Congress in 1998. Section 3039 of TEA-21 required the Secretary of Transportation-in coordination with the Secretary of the Interior-to "undertake a comprehensive study of alternative transportation needs in national parks and related Federal Lands." The results of the Federal Lands Alternative Transportation Systems (ATS) study identified significant transit needs at sites managed by the National Park Service (NPS), the Bureau of Land Management (BLM), and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS). 

 Cape Cod National Seashore Intelligent Transportation Systems Implementation Plan (Final Report) - 2011; John A. Volpe National Transportation Systems Center. The John A. Volpe National Transportation Systems Center produced this publication which provides an excellent overview of the various Intelligent Transportation Systems components, and the process the Cape Cod National Seashore staff undertook to study and implement ITS in the Park. (PDF | 1.6Mb) 

Exploring Bicycle Options for Federal Lands: Bike Sharing, Rentals, and Employee Fleets - July 2011; Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), Western Federal Lands Highway Division. Federal land management agencies are exploring how bicycle programs can provide visitors and employees with more travel choices, while working toward their environmental, public health, and sustainability goals. This well-researched and produced 120-page report explores three options for making bicycles more readily available to visitors and employees:  bicycle sharing programs, bicycle rental operations, and employee bicycle fleets.  (PDF | 5.5Mb)

Good Practices to Encourage Bicycling & Pedestrians on Federal Lands - December 2011; Federal Transit Administration/Paul S. Sarbanes Transit in Parks Technical Assistance Center. This 120-page document covers a variety of methods that can be employed to encourage more bicycling and pedestrian activity in our national parks, national forests, and other public lands. Topics include needs assessments, bicycle and pedestrian network planning, design guidelines, partnerships, costs and funding analysis, education and enforcement programs, and much more. (PDF | 4.3MB)

Cape Cod National Seashore Alternative Transportation Partnership  - May 2012; Paul S. Sarbanes Transit in Parks Technical Assistance Center (TRIPTAC).  The Paul S. Sarbanes Transit in Parks Technical Assistance Center (TRIPTAC) released this Partnership Case Study: Cape Cod National Seashore Alternative Transportation Partnership. This 30-page report includes a detailed timeline of the development of the Cape Cod Transit Task Force and the alternative transportation partnerships, a breakdown of the specific transportation services currently offered, and a map of Cape Cod showing the various routes and services. The report also looks at some specific recent studies that will inform future planning efforts. These studies include an integrated bicycle study for Cape Cod (2010); an intelligent transportations systems (ITS) study completed in 2010, a parking and transit study, a climate change pilot project study, and the Outer Cape Maintenance Facility location study. A chapter details the funding arrangements for the partnership activities. The report closes with a chapter on Lessons Learned, and a look at possible future partnership activities.  (PDF | 843Kb)

Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) in the National Parks System and Other Federal Public Lands - 2011 Update; John A. Volpe National Transportation Systems Center.
This report details the state of ITS deployment across all federal land management agencies (FLMAs) in 2011, updating a Volpe Center report completed in 2005. An assessment of the types of ITS technologies in use by public lands units, the prevalence of the deployment of specific technologies, and the technical and institutional barriers towards the advancement of ITS involvement in public lands is included. The report identified little expansion of ITS technologies in recent years, outlining steps which can be taken to improve and further advance the use of ITS in public lands. (PDF | 2.8 Mb)


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