NPS Photo

The fruit is tasty fresh, dried, fermented into wine, or made into jelly or syrup.

The tiny seeds can be ground into flour or a peanut butter-like spread. When chewed thoroughly, they are a good source of protein and fats, and are rich in Vitamin C. The oil is a substitute for lard.

Gruel is made from the plant for stimulating milk production after childbirth.

The wood is used for starting fires, building, splints, or as canes for the elderly, blind, and dancers.

A piece of heated flesh is wrapped in cloth and used to treat rheumatism.

The mashed seeds are used in tanning, to soften deer skins.

The boots are used to carry and store food and other small objects.

Contact the Park

Mailing Address:

26260 N AZ Hwy 188 Lot 2
Roosevelt, AZ 85545


(928) 467-2241
Please call if you have any question on Tonto National Monument or the cliff dwellings. Call to check availability and book a guided tour for the Upper Cliff Dwelling (November through April).

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