Lesson Plan

What Is My Adaptation?

Ahinahina

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Grade Level:
Upper Elementary: Third Grade through Fifth Grade
Subject:
Science
Lesson Duration:
60 Minutes
State Standards:
Hawai‘i Content and Performance Standards III:

SC.3.1.2, SC.3.3.1, SC.3.4.1, SC.3.5.1
Additional Standards:
Next Generation Science Standards:

3-LS3-1, 3-LS3-2, 3-LS4-2

Objective

At the end of this lesson, the students will be able to:

1. Describe how plants and animals use adaptations to survive in a particular environment.

2. Explain how impacts on a habitat influence the adaptations of a species.

Background

An adaptation is a change of form or behavior that helps a species survive in a specific environment. The trait or characteristic may be inherited from their parents. Other traits can result from individuals’ interactions with their environment, which can range from diet to learning. Many characteristics involve both inheritance and the environment. Most living things have a variety of adaptations. Some examples are: body coloring or camouflage, variations in the size and shape of a bird’s beak to help it gather food, migration, hibernation, and defense behaviors. All forms of life are dependent upon both living and nonliving components of the environment. The living and nonliving components of an ecosystem all interact with each other and are interdependent.

Preparation

Print out worksheets.

Materials

What is my Adaptation? Worksheet page 1

Download What is my Adaptation? Worksheet

What is my Adaptation? Worksheet page 2

Download What is my Adaptation? Worksheet

Lesson Hook/Preview

Students discuss and compare any adaptations identified from the worksheet to species they may find in Haleakalā National Park.

Procedure

Step 1: Introduction and Definitions

  • Provide the guiding question: Why are there so many different types of animals and plants in the world? Record their ideas.
  • Introduce key vocabulary words:

o Adaptation = A change of form or behavior that helps a species survive in a specific environment.
o Camouflage = Coloration or patterns that allow animals to blend into their surroundings.
o Interdependence = Dependent or relying upon each other, the interrelationships of species with one another and with the various elements of their environment.
o Migration = The act of moving from one place to another.
o Species = Plant, animal or insect.
o Trait = A distinguishing characteristic or quality that makes one species different from another.

  • Discuss these key words, ask for examples and clarify misconceptions.
  • Ask students for examples of some different types of plant and animal adaptations.
  • Tell the students they will see some examples of amazing adaptations on their field trip to Haleakalā National Park.

Step 2: What is my Adaptation Worksheet

Tell your students they will be completing a worksheet to help them understand different types of adaptations. For each adaptation listed on the worksheet have students check the box if it applies to plants, animals, or humans. Also check the box if it helps the species survive. Go over the worksheet as a group and discuss specific examples of plants and animals that may have each adaptation.

Step 3: Check for Understanding

Have students give specific examples of the variation of traits that are present in different species. For example ask for examples of how trees are different from each other.
  • How do these differences help them to survive in different areas? = Leaves, root structure, tree size.
  • Ask students for specific examples of how birds are different from each other? = Colors, beaks, songs.
  • What if all birds were exactly the same?

Step 4: Connect to Haleakalā National Park

Brainstorm a list of different plants and animals they might see in Haleakalā National Park. Discuss and compare any adaptations identified from the worksheet to species they may find in Haleakalā National Park.

Vocabulary

Adaptation: A change of form or behavior that helps a species survive in a specific environment.

Camouflage: Coloration or patterns that allow animals to blend into their surroundings.

Interdependence: Dependent or relying upon each other, the interrelationships of species with one another and with the various elements of their environment.

Migration: The act of moving from one place to another.

Species: Plant, animal or insect.

Trait: A distinguishing characteristic or quality that makes one species different from another.

Related Lessons or Education Materials

References: Adapted from Adaptations for Survival Lesson Plan (Shenandoah NP).

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