Spirit of the Mountain
- Grade Level:
- Middle School: Sixth Grade through Eighth Grade
- Social Studies
- Common Core Standards:
- 6-8.RH.1, 6-8.RH.2, 6-8.RH.3, 6-8.RH.4, 6-8.RH.5, 6-8.RH.6, 6-8.RH.7, 6-8.RH.8, 6-8.RH.9, 9-10.RH.1, 9-10.RH.2, 9-10.RH.3, 9-10.RH.4, 9-10.RH.5, 9-10.RH.6, 9-10.RH.7, 9-10.RH.8, 9-10.RH.9, 11-12.RH.1, 11-12.RH.2, 11-12.RH.3, 11-12.RH.4, 11-12.RH.5, 11-12.RH.6, 11-12.RH.7, 11-12.RH.8, 11-12.RH.9
- State Standards:
- Virginia Standards of Learning
VUS.1, VUS.10, VS.1, VS.2, VS.4, VS.9, GOVT.1, GOVT.9, GOVT.11, GOVT.16, CE.1, CE.3, CE.9, CE. 11, USII.1, USII.6, WG.12
This program connects the social, economic, geographic, and political history of the 1920s and 1930s with the establishment of Shenandoah National Park and the people whose lives were impacted.
How does this program work?
Spirit of the Mountain: The Story of Shenandoah National Park is a web-based program designed to provide resources for teachers to use the complex story of the establishment of Shenandoah National Park to teach concepts called out by state and national standards for history, civics, economics, government, and geography. The program provides informative videos, interactive activities, and suggestions that can be used for thought provoking journaling/discussion topics or additional activities. Teachers can utilize these resources to create lesson plans designed to meet their specific curriculum requirements, and to create Project-Based Assessments. Materials can used for a wide range of topics including, but not limited to:
- History of Shenandoah National Park
- Constitutional Power of Eminent Domain
- Examining Opportunity Cost and Benefits
- Social, Economic, and Political History of the 1920s and 30s
- Virginia History and Geography
- History of the National Park System
The program is divided into five lessons providing a comprehensive overview of the establishment story of Shenandoah National Park:
- Lesson 1 – Historical Context of Time
- Lesson 2 – Concept of Place
- Lesson 3 – People and Perspectives
- Lesson 4 – Creation of Shenandoah National Park
- Lesson 5 – Forward on Common Ground
ObjectivesAt the Conclusion of the lessons, the student will be able to:
- Present a journal with recorded insights, ideas, and revelations about the establishment of Shenandoah National Park and its impact on local communities and the nation both past and present. [Overall Objective]
- Describe the geographical, historical, social, and political factors which influenced the creation of Shenandoah National Park as a new National Park in the eastern United States. [Lesson 1 Objective]
- Locate the Blue Ridge Mountains of Virginia and explain how and why privately owned land was acquired to create Shenandoah National Park; including the use of eminent domain. [Lesson 2 Objective]
- Compare and contrast the various perspectives of the people involved in the establishment of Shenandoah National Park including Presidents, State and local officials, neighboring communities, and mountain residents. [Lesson 3 Objective]
- Use primary and secondary documents and historic photographs to evaluate the pros and cons of how and why Shenandoah National Park was established. [Lesson 4 Objective]
- Describe the mission, role, and legacy of Shenandoah National Park today; and identify ways citizens can help care for the Park and their communities. [Lesson 5 Objective]
This program is formatted for a full screen. If you recieve an error message choose "Full Screen Mode" to play the program.
This project was funded through fee revenue and donations to the Shenandoah National Park Trust.