Lesson Plan


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Grade Level:
Lower Elementary: Pre-Kindergarten through Second Grade
Lesson Duration:
60 Minutes
State Standards:
Virginia SOLs


• Describe the 5 major biomes on Earth
• Describe the factors that make up a successful habitat


Many ecosystems exist on Earth-Grassland, Mountain, Aquatic, Desert, Forest etc.  All forms of life are dependent upon both living and nonliving components of the environment. The living and nonliving components of an ecosystem all interact with each other and are interdependent.


 Before the start of this lesson the instructor will need to gather materials as well as cut out pieces for the habitat matching game.


Lesson Plan, Habitat Matching Game and Arrowhead Coloring Page

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Use this PowerPoint to complete the Habitats lesson. This version has teacher notes.

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Use this PowerPoint to complete the Habitats lesson.

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Lesson Hook/Preview

Explore the 5 major biomes of Earth and discover what elements make up a healthy habitat.


Step 1: Introduction and Definitions

  • Provide the guiding question: What is your favorite animal?
  • Introduce key vocabulary words
  • Ask students examples of animals they might see at Manassas National Battlefield Park


Step 1: Review a variety of ecosystems

  • Many ecosystems exist on the Earth. Tell students the different types, and an overview of each


Step 2: Elements of a habitat

  • Food
  • Water
  • Shelter
  • Cover
  • Places to Raise Young
  • Sustainable Practices


Step 3: Matching Game (see below)

  • Have students match the habitat elements to the correct animal


Step 4: Draw a Habitat

  • If time permits, on the blank arrowhead coloring sheet, have the students draw their favorite animal and the habitat it lives in.
    • Make sure they include all the elements of a habitat!


Migration- The act of moving from one place to another.

Species- Plant, animal or insect.

Abiotic- Nonliving.

Biotic- Living.

Conservation- careful use and preservation of our natural resources.

Interdependence- dependent or relying upon each other, the interrelationships of organisms with one another and with the various elements of their environment.

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Last updated: July 25, 2017