A Chumash Indian who was born in Ventura, California, Melquiades accompanied George Nidever on the 1853 sea otter hunting trip to San Nicolas Island, according J.P. Harrington informant Fernando Librado. Librado told Harrington that Melquiades remembered the words of a song that he heard the Lone Woman sing—the Toki Toki song.

PLACE OF BIRTH: Mission San Buenaventura, Alta California, New Spain
PLACE OF BURIAL: Mission San Buenaventura, California, USA

Schwartz, Steven J., Susan L. Morris, John R. Johnson. The Lone Woman of San Nicolas Island: Her Story from Native American Sources. Presentation at the May 2018 meeting of the Santa Barbara County Archaeological Society, Santa Barbara, California.

1852 California State census, Santa Barbara County, California, population schedule, Santa Barbara, p. 26 penned, line 22, Melchiaris, digital image, ( accessed December 30, 2015), citing California State Library repository collection C144, roll 5.

Hudson, Travis
Breath of the Sun: Life in Early California as told by Chumash Indian, Fernando Librado to John P. Harrington. Banning: Malki Museum Press, 1980: 149.

“Recently Discovered Accounts Concerning the ‘Lone Woman’ of San Nicolas Island.” Journal of California and Great Basin Anthropology 3 (1981): 190–191.

Last updated: May 24, 2018