Martín Violín was a Gabrielino Indian whose father came from Santa Catalina Island. Violín told Fernando Librado, Harrington’s Ventureño Chumash consultant, about the different people who lived on the southern Channel Islands and the languages they spoke. Violín’s father, according to Violín’s half-brother Sétimo Moraga, was said to have transported people from the islands by canoe.
DATE OF BIRTH: About 1840
PLACE OF BIRTH: Alta California, Mexican Republic
DATE OF DEATH: About 1914
PLACE OF BURIAL: California, USA
Hudson, Travis. Breath of the Sun: Life in Early California as Told by a Chumash Indian, Fernando Librado to John P. Harrington. Banning: Malki Museum Press, 1979: 157.
Hudson, Travis. “Recently Discovered Accounts Concerning the ‘Lone Woman’ of San Nicolas Island.” Journal of California and Great Basin Anthropology 3 (1981): 194.
McCawley, William. The First Angelinos, The Gabrielino Indians of Los Angeles. Banning: Malki Museum Press; Novato: Ballena Press, 1996: 202.
Schwartz, Steven J., Susan L. Morris, John R. Johnson. The Lone Woman of San Nicolas Island: Her Story from Native American Sources. Presentation at the May 2018 meeting of the Santa Barbara County Archaeological Society, Santa Barbara, California.
Last updated: November 16, 2018