American sea captain Isaac Whittemore worked with the Russian American Company transporting hunters and trading furs. Whittemore was wrongly connected to the massacre of the Nicoleños. In 1856, a Santa Barbara Gazette article falsely claimed that Whittemore left sea otter hunters on San Nicolas Island in 1811 and picked them up after a massacre occurred. This event occurred in 1814 and Whittemore was not involved.
DATE OF BIRTH: Unknown
PLACE OF BIRTH: USA
DATE OF DEATH: 1818 (off the coast of South America)
PLACE OF BURIAL: Unknown
Howay, Frederick W. A List of Trading Vessels in the Maritime Fur Trade, 1785–1825 (Materials for the Study of Alaskan History). Kingston, Ontario: The Limestone Press 2 (1973): 93–94.
Morris, Susan L., Glenn J. Farris, Steven J. Schwartz, Irina V. L. Wender, and Boris Dralyuk. “Murder, Massacre, and Mayhem on the California Coast, 1814–1815: Newly Translated Russian Documents Reveal Company Concern Over Violent Clashes.” Journal of California and Great Basin Anthropology 34, 1 (2014): 97–98n1.
Ogden, Adele. The California Sea Otter Trade: 1784–1848. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1941: 164.
Pierce, Richard A. Russian-America: A Biographical Dictionary. Kingston, Ontario: The Limestone Press, 1990: 538–39.
“The Lone Woman of San Nicolas.” Santa Barbara Gazette, 11 December 1856, p. 2, col. 2.
Last updated: February 7, 2017