One of ethnographer J. P. Harrington’s chief Chumash Indian consultants, Fernando Librado (Kitsepawit) provided details about people who interacted with the Lone Woman. He learned the Lone Woman’s Toki Toki song from Melquiades, a Chumash Indian who heard the Lone Woman sing the song in 1853. Librado also acquired a piece of sewn grass and two bone needles that had belonged to the Lone Woman.
DATE OF BIRTH: August 20, 1839
PLACE OF BIRTH: San Buenaventura, Alta California, Mexican Republic
DATE OF DEATH: June 19, 1915
PLACE OF BURIAL: Santa Barbara, California, USA
1900 US census, Santa Barbara County, California, population schedule, Santa Barbara, p. 131 stamped, 10A (penned), household 270, Fernando Librado, digital image, Ancestry.com. (: accessed December 30, 2015), citing Family History Library microfilm 1240110.
Blackburn, Thomas. December’s Child: A Book of Chumash Oral Narratives Collected by J. P. Harrington. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1975: 18.
Hudson, Travis. Breath of the Sun: Life in Early California as told by Chumash Indian, Fernando Librado to John P. Harrington. Banning: Malki Museum Press, 1980.
Hudson, Travis. “Recently Discovered Accounts Concerning the ‘Lone Woman’ of San Nicolas Island.” Journal of California and Great Basin Anthropology 3 (1981): 190–193.
Johnson, John. “The Trail to Fernando.” Journal of California and Great Basin Anthropology 4 (1982): 132–138.
Schwartz, Steven J., Susan L. Morris, John R. Johnson. The Lone Woman of San Nicolas Island: Her Story from Native American Sources. Presentation at the May 2018 meeting of the Santa Barbara County Archaeological Society, Santa Barbara, California.
Fernando Librado (Kitsepawit)
Last updated: November 16, 2018