Fernando Librado (Kitsepawit)

One of ethnographer J. P. Harrington’s chief Chumash Indian informants, Fernando Librado (Kitsepawit) provided details about people who interacted with the Lone Woman. He learned the Lone Woman’s Toki Toki song from Melquiades, a Chumash Indian who heard the Lone Woman sing the song in 1853.

PLACE OF BIRTH: Ventura, Alta California, New Spain
DATE OF DEATH: June 19, 1915
PLACE OF BURIAL: Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, California, USA

1900 US census, Santa Barbara County, California, population schedule, Santa Barbara, p. 131 stamped, 10A (penned), household 270, Ferna Librado, digital image, Ancestry.com. (http://www.ancestry.com: accessed 30 December 2015), citing Family History Library microfilm 1240110.

Blackburn, Thomas. December’s Child: A Book of Chumash Oral Narratives Collected by J. P. Harrington. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1975: 18.

Hudson, Travis. Breath of the Sun: Life in Early California as told by Chumash Indian, Fernando Librado to John P. Harrington. Banning, CA: Malki Museum Press, 1980.

Hudson, Travis. “Recently Discovered Accounts Concerning the ‘Lone Woman’ of San Nicolas Island.” Journal of California and Great Basin Anthropology 3 (1981): 190–93.

Last updated: May 31, 2018