Boston-based Boardman & Pope shipping enterprise has been falsely connected with the massacre of Nicoleños by Russian American Company hunters. A newspaper article stated that the captain of a Boardman & Pope ship, the Charon, left a hunting group on San Nicolas Island in 1811, and the hunters killed the Nicoleños. Russian documents show that the massacre did not involve the Charon or its captain.
Howay, F.W. A List of Trading Vessels in the Maritime Fur Trade, 1785-1825 (Materials for the Study of Alaskan History). Kingston, Ontario: The Limestone Press, 1973: 93–94.
Ogden, Adele. The California Sea Otter Trade, 1784–1848. Berkeley: The University of California Press, 1941: 164.
The Bostonian Society, “Boardman & Pope account book, 1811–1822,” collection description, Bostonhistory.org. http://rfi.bostonhistory.org/boston/default.asp?IDCFile=DETAILSG.IDC,SPECIFIC=12937,DATABASE=GROUP : accessed 15 December 2014), financial transactions regarding the ship, Charon, in 1815 and merchant (captain) Isaac Whittemore.
“The Lone Woman of San Nicolas.” Santa Barbara Gazette, December 11, 1856, p. 2, col. 2.
Boardman & Pope
Last updated: February 8, 2017