Bipartisan Infrastructure Law: Ecosystem Restoration

National Park Service staff planting native species

NPS / Connar L'Ecuyer

The Bipartisan Infrastructure Law was signed on November 15, 2021. It is a historic investment in the restoration and protection of the environment.

The law includes funding for ecosystem restoration, fire mitigation and prevention, and transportation projects that benefit the communities and areas served by the Department of the Interior and the National Park Service.

Fact sheet: Interior Department to Take Action to Restore Lands and Waters, Advance Climate Resilience.

Ecosystem Restoration Investments under the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law

In Fiscal Year 2022, the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law provided $15 million for ecosystem restoration projects in national parks. Projects fall into the below topic areas and compliment key Department of the Interior initiatives. See the list of projects through Fiscal Year 2026 below.

Conserve and restore unique biocultural island resources and increase biodiversity with a focus on Pacific Islands and U.S. Territories. Restore function and integrity of near-shore (coral and oyster reefs, sea grass) and coastal communities (salt marsh, sand dunes, bluffs, mangrove, maritime forest) to protect park natural and cultural resources, support local communities, and promote visitor enjoyment. 

DOI Keystone Initiatives: Foster native biodiversity in island systems AND rehabilitate and realign coastal salt marsh 

Build climate resilience and increase biodiversity in high-priority sagebrush and forest systems with a focus on core areas, connectivity, and the use of science-driven decision making. Leverage BIL Fire and other fund sources for restoration of priority systems, including reduction of woody fuels, treatment of invasive species, and reestablishment and expansion of native species. 

DOI Keystone Initiatives: Defend and grow the core in sagebrush systems AND build and expand drought resilience in the Klamath Basin 

Restore grasslands and prairies, including development of native seed/plant capacity for revegetation of cultural landscapes and priority ecosystems, improvement of soil health, treatment of invasive species, and restoration of hydrologic function. Support resilient multi-species conservation, wild and healthy bison herds, layover and core habitat for birds and pollinators, and natural and human communities. 

DOI Keystone Initiatives: Bison, birds, and bees: restore and protect grasslands for co-stewarded, healthy, wild bison herds, migratory bird populations, and critical pollinators 

Promote resilient ecosystems by managing deer, invasive plants, exotic pests and pathogens, restoring degraded forest stands and wetland systems, and restoring native vegetation and mitigating environmental hazards on mined lands in Appalachia. Support healthy forests, wetlands, and other systems that are resilient to climate change and other stressors, protect cultural landscape integrity, enhance visitor experience, and promote local community health. 

DOI Keystone Initiatives: Improve human and environmental health in Appalachia 

Restore damaged and degraded freshwater systems (streams, wetlands, riparian areas) to increase biodiversity, improve fish passage, protect tribally important and sacred sites, and contribute to healthy communities in both rural and urban disadvantaged (Justice 40) areas by providing clean water, reducing flooding, and allowing for recreational activities and access.  

DOI Keystone Initiatives: Gravel to Gravel: assess and restore salmon in the Arctic-Yukon-Kuskokwim basin 

Bipartisan Infrastructure Law Projects

Funding from the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law is supporting projects in national parks across the country. Explore active projects near you below.

BIL-Ecosystem Restoration - Project Funding Summary

Project Summaries by Topic Area

Energy Community Revitalization Program

The National Park Service will plug, remediate, and reclaim orphaned oil and gas wells in national parks. There are approximately 1800 oil and gas wells located in at least 47 parks. An estimated 364 of the wells are actively operating, while the remaining wells are inactive, plugged, abandoned, or orphaned. In FY22, NPS initiated 26 BIL funded projects totaling $9.8 million for well plugging, site reclamation and infrastructure removal activities in national parks. The projects are prioritized based on three factors:

  1. public health and safety,

  2. potential environmental harm, and

  3. other subsurface impacts or land use priorities.
BIL-ECRP - Project Funding Summary

Ecosystem Restoration and Energy Community Revitalization Stories and News Releases

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    Additional Resources

    • Road paving equipment
      Bipartisan Infrastructure Law

      This law is the largest investment in restoration and protection of the environment and infrastructure.

    • Shuttle bus pulling up to a stop on a canyon rim

      The law is the single largest investment in road and bridge repair and reconstruction since the interstate highway system was constructed.

    • Wildland firefighter igniting grass with a drip torch
      Wildland Fire

      The law is investing in a larger and better equipped fire fighting force and hazardous fuels management and post-wildfire restoration.

    Last updated: February 8, 2024