Type Section Inventory References

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Chihuahuan Desert Inventory & Monitoring Network—Literature Cited

[Site Under Development]

Eastern Rivers and Mountains Inventory & Monitoring Network—Literature Cited

  • Anderson, M. 2017. National Parks Index: 2012–2016. Official Index of the National Park Service.
    Bailey, R. G. 1976. Ecoregions of the United States (map). US Department of Agriculture, US Forest Service, Intermountain Region, Ogden, Utah.
  • Brocx, M., C. Brown, and V. Semeniuk. 2019. Geoheritage importance of stratigraphic type sections, type localities and reference sites—review, discussion and protocols for geoconservation. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 66(6):823–836.
  • Campbell, M. R. 1896. Pocahontas folio, Virginia–West Virginia. U.S. Geological Survey, Washington, D.C. Geologic Atlas of the United States Folio 26. Scale 1:125,000. Available at: https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/gf26 (accessed February 22, 2021).
  • Campbell, M. R. 1902. Raleigh folio, West Virginia. U.S. Geological Survey, Washington, D.C. Geologic Folio 77. Available at: https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/gf77 (accessed February 22, 2021).
  • Campbell, M. R., and W. C. Mendenhall. 1896. Geologic section along the New and Kanawha Rivers in West Virginia. Pages 473–511 in C. D. Walcott. Seventeenth annual report of the United States Geological Survey to the Secretary of the Interior, 1895–1896; Part II. U.S. Geological Survey, Washington, D.C. Annual Report 17(2). Available at: https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/ar17_2 (accessed February 22, 2021).
  • Davis, D. K. 1989. Ground water resources of Pike County, Pennsylvania. Pennsylvania Geological Survey, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. Water Resource Report 65.
  • Epstein, A. G., J. B. Epstein, W. J. Spink, and D. S. Jennings. 1967. Upper Silurian and Lower Devonian stratigraphy of northeastern Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and southeasternmost New York. U.S. Geological Survey, Washington, D.C. Bulletin 1243. Available at: https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/b1243 (accessed February 22, 2021).
  • Epstein, J. B. 2001. Stratigraphy in the region of Delaware Water Gap National Recreation Area. Pages 1–13 in J. D. Inners and G. M. Fleeger, editors. 2001: A Delaware River odyssey. Field Conference of Pennsylvania Geologists, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. Guidebook for the Annual Field Conference of Pennsylvania Geologists 66.
  • Epstein, J. B., and A. G. Epstein. 1967. Geology in the region of the Delaware to Lehigh Water Gaps. Guidebook for the Annual Field Conference of Pennsylvania Geologists, Reading, Pennsylvania. Guidebook for the Annual Field Conference 32.
  • Epstein, J. B., and A. G. Epstein. 1972. The Shawangunk Formation (Upper Ordovician (?) to Middle Silurian) in eastern Pennsylvania. U.S. Geological Survey, Washington, D.C. Professional Paper 744. Available at: https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/pp744 (accessed February 22, 2021).
  • Evans, T. J. 2016. General standards for geologic maps. Section 3.1 in M. B. Carpenter and C. M. Keane, compilers. The geoscience handbook 2016. AGI Data Sheets, 5th edition. American Geosciences Institute, Alexandria, Virginia.
  • Fenneman, N. M. 1946. Physical divisions of the United States (map). U.S. Geological Survey, Washington, D.C.
  • Fletcher, F. W., and D. L. Woodrow. 1970. Geology and mineral resources of the Pennsylvania portion of the Milford and Port Jervis 15-minute Quadrangles. Pennsylvania Bureau of Topographic and Geologic Survey, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. Atlas 223. Scale 1:62,500.
  • Fontaine, W. M. 1874. The “great conglomerate” on New River. American Journal of Science, 3rd series, 7:459–465.
    Gradstein, F. M., J. G. Ogg, M. D. Schmitz, and G. M. Ogg, editors. 2020. Geologic time scale 2020. Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
  • Henderson, T., V. L. Santucci, T. Connors, and J. S. Tweet. 2020. National Park Service geologic type section inventory: Greater Yellowstone Inventory & Monitoring Network. Natural Resource Report NPS/GRYN/NRR—2020/2198. National Park Service, Fort Collins, Colorado. Available at: https://irma.nps.gov/DataStore/Reference/Profile/2280034 (accessed February 22, 2021).
  • Hennen, R. V., and R. M. Gawthrop. 1915. Wyoming and McDowell Counties. West Virginia Geological Survey, Morgantown, West Virginia. County Geologic Report 30.
  • Keroher, G. C., and others. 1966. Lexicon of geologic names of the United States for 1936–1960. U.S. Geological Survey, Washington, D.C. Bulletin 1200. Available at: https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/b1200 (accessed February 22, 2021).
  • Koch, A. L., and V. L. Santucci. 2004. Paleontological Resource Inventory and Monitoring—Eastern Rivers and Mountains Network. TIC #D-265. National Park Service.
  • Marshall, M., and N. Piekielek. 2004. Long-Term Ecological Monitoring Program: Phase 1 Report Eastern Rivers and Mountains Network. National Park Service Inventory and Monitoring Program, University Park, Pennsylvania.
  • Miller, R. L. 1964. The Little Stone Gap Member of the Hinton Formation (Mississippian) in southwest Virginia. Pages B39–B42 in Geological Survey Research 1964, Chapter B. U.S. Geological Survey, Washington, D.C. Professional Paper 501-B. Available at: https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/pp501B (accessed February 22, 2021).
  • National Park Service. 2001. Nuttallburg coal mining complex and town, New River Gorge National River. Cultural Landscapes Inventory. National Park Service, Glen Jean, West Virginia.
  • North American Commission on Stratigraphic Nomenclature. 2005. North American stratigraphic code. AAPG Bulletin 89(11):1547–1591.
  • Omernik, J. M. 1987. Ecoregions of the conterminous United States. Annals of the Association of American Geographers 77(1):118–125.
  • Stevenson, R. E., and W. S. Skinner. 1949. The Tully clastics of New York and Pennsylvania. Proceedings of the Pennsylvania Academy of Science (23):29–33.
  • Swartz, C. K., and F. M. Swartz. 1941. Early Devonian and Late Silurian formations of southeastern Pennsylvania. Bulletin of the Geological Society of America 52(8):1129–1192.
  • Thornberry-Ehrlich, T. 2008a. Allegheny Portage Railroad National Historic Site Geologic Resource Evaluation Report. Natural Resource Report NPS/NRPC/GRD/NRR—2008/045. National Park Service, Denver, Colorado. Available at: https://irma.nps.gov/DataStore/Reference/Profile/660528 (accessed February 22, 2021).
  • Thornberry-Ehrlich, T. 2008b. Friendship Hill National Historic Site Geologic Resource Evaluation Report. Natural Resource Report NPS/NRPC/GRD/NRR—2008/022. National Park Service, Denver, Colorado. Available at: https://irma.nps.gov/DataStore/Reference/Profile/652333 (accessed February 22, 2021).
  • Thornberry-Ehrlich, T. 2008c. Johnstown Flood National Memorial Geologic Resource Evaluation Report. Natural Resource Report NPS/NRPC/GRD/NRR—2008/049. National Park Service, Denver, Colorado. Available at: https://irma.nps.gov/DataStore/Reference/Profile/660527 (accessed February 22, 2021).
  • Thornberry-Ehrlich, T. 2009. Fort Necessity National Battlefield Geologic Resources Inventory Report. Natural Resource Report NPS/NRPC/GRD/NRR—2009/082. National Park Service, Denver, Colorado. Available at: https://irma.nps.gov/DataStore/Reference/Profile/662097 (accessed February 22, 2021).
  • Thornberry-Ehrlich, T. L. 2013. Delaware Water Gap National Recreation Area: geologic resources inventory report. Natural Resource Report NPS/NRSS/GRD/NRR— 2013/717. National Park Service, Fort Collins, Colorado. Available at: https://irma.nps.gov/DataStore/Reference/Profile/2203653 (accessed February 22, 2021).
  • Thornberry-Ehrlich, T. L. 2017. Bluestone National Scenic River, Gauley River National Recreation Area, and New River Gorge National River: Geologic resources inventory report. Natural Resource Report NPS/NRSS/GRD/NRR— 2017/1532. National Park Service, Fort Collins, Colorado. Available at: https://irma.nps.gov/DataStore/Reference/Profile/2245741 (accessed February 22, 2021).
  • White, I. C. 1882. The geology of Pike and Monroe Counties. Geological Survey of Pennsylvania, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. Report of Progress 9(6).
  • Willard, B. 1936. The Onondaga Formation in Pennsylvania. Journal of Geology 44(5):578–603.
  • Willard, B. 1938. A Paleozoic section at Delaware Water Gap. Pennsylvania Geological Survey, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, 4th series. General Geology Report 11.
  • Willard, B., F. M. Swartz, and A. B. Cleaves. 1939. The Devonian of Pennsylvania. Pennsylvania Geological Survey, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, 4th series. General Geology Report 19.
  • Wilmarth, M. G. 1938. Lexicon of geologic names of the United States (including Alaska). U.S. Geological Survey, Washington, D.C. Bulletin 896. Available at: https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/b896 (accessed February 22, 2021).

Greater Yellowstone Inventory & Monitoring Network—Literature Cited

  • Anderson, M. 2017. National Parks Index: 2012–2016. Official Index of the National Park Service.
  • Bailey, R. G. 1976. Ecoregions of the United States (map). U.S. Department of Agriculture, U.S. Forest Service, Intermountain Region, Ogden, Utah.
  • Barnosky, A. D. 1984. The Colter Formation; evidence for Miocene volcanism in Jackson Hole, Teton County, Wyoming. Wyoming Geological Association Earth Science Bulletin 17:49–97.
  • Barnosky, A. D., and W. J. Labar. 1989. Mid-Miocene (Barstovian) environmental and tectonic setting near Yellowstone Park, Wyoming and Montana. Geological Society of America Bulletin 101(11):1448–1456.
  • Brocx, M., C. Brown, and V. Semeniuk. 2019. Geoheritage importance of stratigraphic type sections, type localities and reference sites—review, discussion and protocols for geoconservation. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 66(6):823–836.
  • Brown, C. W. 1961. Cenozoic stratigraphy and structural geology, northeast Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming and Montana. Geological Society of America Bulletin 72(8):1173–1193.
  • Christiansen, R. L. 2001. The Quaternary and Pliocene Yellowstone Plateau volcanic field of Wyoming, Idaho, and Montana. U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia. Professional Paper 729-G. Available at: https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/pp729G (accessed October 2, 2020).
  • Christiansen, R. L. and H. R. Blank, Jr. 1972. Volcanic stratigraphy of the Quaternary Rhyolite Plateau in Yellowstone National Park. U.S. Geological Survey, Washington, D.C. Professional Paper 729-B. Available at: https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/pp729B (accessed October 2, 2020).
  • Darton, N. H. 1904. Comparison of the stratigraphy of the Black Hills, Bighorn Mountains, and Rocky Mountain Front Range. Geological Society of America Bulletin 15:379–448.
  • Evans, T. J. 2016. General standards for geologic maps. Section 3.1 in M. B. Carpenter and C. M. Keane, compilers. The geoscience handbook 2016. AGI Data Sheets, 5th Edition. American Geosciences Institute, Alexandria, Virginia.
  • Fenneman, N. M. 1946. Physical divisions of the United States (map). U.S. Geological Survey, Washington, D.C. Available at: https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/70207506 (accessed October 2, 2020).
  • Fraser, G. D., H. A. Waldrop, and H. J. Hyden. 1969. Geology of the Gardiner area, Park County, Montana. U.S. Geological Survey, Washington, D.C. Bulletin 1277. Available at: https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/b1277 (accessed October 2, 2020).
  • Howard, A. D. 1937. History of the Grand Canyon of the Yellowstone. Geological Society of America, New York, New York. Special Paper 6.
  • KellerLynn, K. 2010. Grand Teton National Park and John D. Rockefeller, Jr. Memorial Parkway: geologic resources inventory report. Natural Resource Report NPS/NRPC/GRD/ NRR—2010/230. National Park Service, Fort Collins, Colorado. Available at: https://irma.nps.gov/DataStore/Reference/Profile/2124952 (accessed October 2, 2020).
  • KellerLynn, K. 2011. Bighorn Canyon National Recreation Area: geologic resources inventory report. Natural Resource Report NPS/NRSS/GRD/NRR—2011/447. National Park Service, Fort Collins, Colorado. Available at: https://irma.nps.gov/DataStore/Reference/Profile/2176241 (accessed October 2, 2020).
  • Keroher, G.C.. 1966. Lexicon of geologic names of the United States for 1936-1960 (Vol. 1200). US Government Printing Office.Love, J. D. 1956. New geologic formation names in Jackson Hole, Teton County, northwestern Wyoming. Bulletin of the American Association of Petroleum Geologists 40(8):1899–1914.
  • Love, J. D. 1973. Harebell Formation (Upper Cretaceous) and Pinyon Conglomerate (uppermost Cretaceous and Paleocene), northwestern Wyoming. U.S. Geological Survey, Washington, D.C. Professional Paper 734-A. Available at: https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/pp734A (accessed October 2, 2020).
  • Love, J. D., and W. R. Keefer. 1969. Basin Creek uplift and Heart Lake Conglomerate, southern Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming. Pages D122–D130 in Geological Survey research 1969, Chapter D. U.S. Geological Survey, Washington, D.C. Professional Paper 650-D. Available at: https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/pp650D (accessed October 2, 2020).
  • Miller, B. M. 1936. Cambrian stratigraphy of northwestern Wyoming. Journal of Geology 44(2, part 1):113–144.
  • National Park Service (NPS). 2014. Foundation Document: Yellowstone National Park. YELL 101/122938. Available at: http://npshistory.com/publications/foundation-documents/yell-fd-2014.pdf (accessed October 2, 2020).
  • National Park Service (NPS). 2016. Foundation Document: Bighorn Canyon National Recreation Area. BICA 617/128328. Available at: http://npshistory.com/publications/foundation-documents/bica-fd-2016.pdf (accessed October 2, 2020).
  • National Park Service (NPS). 2017. Foundation Document: Grand Teton National Park and John D. Rockefeller, Jr. Memorial Parkway. GRTE 136/137701, JODR 642/137702.
  • North American Commission on Stratigraphic Nomenclature. 2005. North American stratigraphic code. AAPG Bulletin 89(11):1547–1591.
  • Omernik, J. M. 1987. Ecoregions of the conterminous United States. Annals of the Association of American Geographers 77(1):118–25.
  • Peale, A. C. 1893. The Paleozoic section in the vicinity of Three Forks, Montana, with petrographic notes by G. P. Merrill. U.S. Geological Survey, Washington, D.C. Bulletin 110. Available at: https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/b110 (accessed October 2, 2020).
  • Pierce, K. L., R. L. Christiansen, and G. M. Richmond. 1970. The Osprey Formation (Pleistocene) and its Tower Creek Gravel Member, Yellowstone National Park. Pages A30–A34 in G. V. Cohee, R. G. Bates, and W. B. Wright, editors. Changes in stratigraphic nomenclature by the U.S. Geological Survey, 1969. U.S. Geological Survey, Washington, D.C. Bulletin 1324-A. Available at: https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/b1324A (accessed October 2, 2020).
  • Reed, J. C., Jr., and R. E. Zartman. 1973. Geochronology of Precambrian rocks of the Teton Range, Wyoming. Geological Society of America Bulletin 84(2):561–582.
  • Rodman, D., D. Thoma, and H. Shovic. 1992. John D. Rockefeller, Jr. Memorial Parkway draft soil survey. Unpublished project report. Yellowstone National Park, Division of Research, Soils and Watershed Section, Wyoming.
  • Ruppel, E. T. 1972. Geology of pre-Tertiary rocks in the northern part of Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming. U.S. Geological Survey, Washington, DC. Professional Paper 729-A. Scale 1:62,500. Available at: https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/pp729A (accessed October 2, 2020).
  • Sando, W. J., C. A. Sandberg, and W. J. Perry, Jr. 1985. Revision of Mississippian stratigraphy, northern Tendoy Mountains, southwest Montana. Pages A1–A10 in W. J. Sando, editor. Mississippian and Pennsylvanian stratigraphy in southwest Montana and adjacent Idaho. U.S. Geological Survey, Washington, D.C. Bulletin 1656-A. Available at: https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/b1656 (accessed October 2, 2020).
  • Santucci, V. L. 1998. The Yellowstone Paleontological Survey. Yellowstone Center for Resources, National Park Service, Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming, YCR-NR-98-1. Available at: https://irma.nps.gov/DataStore/Reference/Profile/139990 (accessed October 2, 2020).
  • Shaw, A. B. 1957. Cambrian of the southwestern Wind River basin, Wyoming. Pages 9–16 in T. W. Bibb, Jr. and B. C. Aschenbrenner, editors. Southwest Wind River basin. Wyoming Geological Association, Casper, Wyoming. Field Conference Guidebook 12
  • Smedes, H. W., and H. J. Prostka. 1972. Stratigraphic framework of the Absaroka Volcanic Supergroup in the Yellowstone National Park region. U.S. Geological Survey, Washington, D.C. Professional Paper 729-C. Available at: https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/pp729C (accessed October 2, 2020).
  • Tweet, J. S., V. L. Santucci, and T. Connors. 2013. Paleontological resource inventory and monitoring: Greater Yellowstone Network. Natural Resource Report NPS/GRYN/NRTR—2013/794. National Park Service, Fort Collins, Colorado.
  • Weed, W. H. 1896. Yellowstone National Park sheets; Sedimentary rocks. Pages 4–5 in A. Hague, W. H. Weed, and J. P. Iddings. Yellowstone National Park folio, Wyoming. U.S. Geological Survey, Washington, D.C. Folio of the Geologic Atlas 30. Scale 1:125,000. Available at: https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/gf30 (accessed October 2, 2020).
  • Wilmarth, M.G., G.C. Keroher, and G.L.W. Luttrell. 1936. Lexicon of Geologic Names of the United States (including Alaska) (Vol. 896). US Government Printing Office.

Mojave Desert Inventory and Monitoring Network—Literature Cited

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  • Axelrod, D. I. 1940. A record of Lyonothamnus in Death Valley, California. The Journal of Geology 48(5):526–531.
  • Bailey, R. G. 1976. Ecoregions of the United States (map). US Department of Agriculture, US Forest Service, Intermountain Region, Ogden, Utah.
  • Beard, L. S., R. E. Anderson, R. G. Bohannon, R. J. Brady, S. B. Castor, E. M. Duebendorfer, J. E. Faulds, T. J. Felger, K. A. Howard, M. A. Kuntz, and V. S. Williams. 2007. Preliminary geologic map of the Lake Mead 30’ x 60’ quadrangle, Clark County, Nevada, and Mohave County, Arizona. U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia. Open-File Report 2007-1010. Scale 1:100,000. Available at: https://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2007/1010/ (accessed October 25, 2021).
  • Bell, G. L., Jr., J. S. Tweet, and V. L. Santucci. 2016. Great Basin National Park: Paleontological resource inventory. Natural Resource Report NPS/GRBA/NRR—2016/1285. National Park Service, Fort Collins, Colorado.
  • Beratan, K. K., J. Hsieh, and B. Murray. 1999. Pliocene-Pleistocene stratigraphy and depositional environments, southern Confidence Hills, Death Valley, California. Pages 298–300 in L. A.
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  • Best, M. G., E. H. McKee, and P. E. Damon. 1980. Space-time composition patterns of late Cenozoic mafic volcanism, southwestern Utah and adjoining areas: American Journal of Science 280:1035–1050.
  • Billingsley, G. H., M. L. Harr, and J. L. Wellmeyer. 2000. Geologic map of the upper Parashant Canyon and vicinity, Mojave County, northwestern Arizona. U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia. Miscellaneous Field Studies Map 2343. Scale 1:31,680. Available at: https://pubs.usgs.gov/mf/2000/2343/ (accessed October 25, 2021).
  • Billingsley, G. H., D. L. Block, and H. C. Dyer. 2006. Geologic map of the Peach Springs 30’ X 60’ Quadrangle, Coconino and Mohave counties, northwestern Arizona. U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia. Scientific Information Map 2900. Scale 1:100,000. Available at: https://pubs.usgs.gov/sim/2006/2900/ (accessed October 25, 2021).
  • Blair, W. N., and A. K. Armstrong. 1979. Hualapai Limestone Member of the Muddy Creek Formation: the youngest deposit predating the Grand Canyon, southeastern Nevada, and northwestern Arizona. U.S. Geological Survey, Washington, D.C. Professional Paper 1111. Available at: https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/pp1111 (accessed October 25, 2021).
  • Bonde, A., V. L. Santucci, J. S. Tweet, E. Eichenberg, and B. Moore. 2018. Lake Mead National Recreation Area: Paleontological resources inventory. Natural Resource Report NPS/LAKE/NRR— 2018/1618. National Park Service, Fort Collins, Colorado.
  • Brocx, M., C. Brown, and V. Semeniuk. 2019. Geoheritage importance of stratigraphic type sections, type localities and reference sites—review, discussion and protocols for geoconservation. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 66(6):823–836.
  • Byers, F. M., Jr., W. J. Carr, P. P. Orkild, W. D. Quinlivan, and K. A. Sargent. 1976. Volcanic suites and related cauldrons of Timber Mountain-Oasis Valley caldera complex, southern Nevada. U.S. Geological Survey, Washington, D.C. Professional Paper 919. Available at: https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/pp919 (accessed October 25, 2021).
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