Glaciers and Glacial Landforms

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Kenai Fjords National Park
A view of the blue ice of Pedersen Glacier at its terminus in Pedersen Lagoon (Kenai Fjords National Park, Alaska)

NPS Photo/Jim Pfeiffenberger


Glaciers are moving bodies of ice that can change entire landscapes. They sculpt mountains, carve valleys, and move vast quantities of rock and sediment.

In the past, glaciers have covered more than one third of Earth's surface, and they continue to flow and to shape features in many places.

Glaciers and the landscapes they have shaped provide invaluable information about past climates and offer keys to understanding climate change today.

Types of Glaciers

Many different kinds of glaciers have affected our National Parks, whether they are present today or sculpted the landscape in the past. They include:

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    Glacier Ice Features

    Active glaciers often have distinct features that are associated with the flowing, melting ice. You can see many of these features in parks with glaciers. Look for:

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      Glacier Landforms

      Past glaciers have created a variety of landforms that we see in National Parks today, such as:

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        Geological Monitoring

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          Photo Gallery

          Glacial Landforms in Parks

          Glaciation in Parks—Active, Alpine Glaciation

          Glaciation in Parks—Alpine Glaciation Landforms

          Glaciation in Parks—Continental Glaciation Landforms

          Ice Age Flood Landforms—The Channeled Scablands

          Last updated: November 20, 2018


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