History & Culture

A black and white image of a distinctive sandstone bluff.
Mitchell Pass and Scotts Bluff, as seen in 1935.

NPS

From various tribes of Native Americans living and travelling through the area, to our modern towns with populations made of many different cultures, Scotts Bluff has served as a landmark for a huge diversity of peoples.

 
A man dressed as a fur trader stands in a field.

Hiram Scott

Learn more about the man whom Scotts Bluff is named after, fur trader Hiram Scott.

A woman dressed in emigrant costume stands near a grave.

Rebecca Winters

Rebecca Winters was headed to Utah when tragedy struck. Learn more about this Mormon Pioneer.

A black and white photo of a man standing next to a horse.

William Henry Jackson

William Henry Jackson is an icon of the American west. Scotts Bluff National Monument contains the largest collection of his watercolors.

A squared log building with a round sandstone formation behind it.

Robidoux Pass

Learn more about Robidoux Pass, the preferred route of emigrants in the Scotts Bluff area before 1851.

A watercolor painting depicts a fort with soldiers approaching and a gap between two bluffs.

Fort Mitchell

Fort Mitchell was located just northwest of Scotts Bluff along the route of the emigrant trails.

A black and white photo of men building a road with shovels.

New Deal Programs at Scotts Bluff

Depression-era New Deal programs have left a lasting legacy at Scotts Bluff National Monument.

The sandstone spire of Chimney Rock rises above the Nebraska plains.

Chimney Rock

Chimney Rock was a major landmark for emigrants traveling west on the Great Platte River Road.

A boy sits in a Soap Box Derby Car.

Soap Box Derby at Scotts Bluff

From 1939 until 1951, the Soap Box Derby was one of the most popular annual events at Scotts Bluff National Monument.

A piece of wooden machinery.

The Mormon Odometer

Odometers were used by Mormon Pioneers to measure their progress to the Salt Lake Valley.

A man dressed in period clothing leans against a covered wagon.

The Emigrant Experience

Learn more about the daily lives of those traveling west on the Great Platte River Road.

A sandstone bluff is framed by the bare branches of a tree.

The Five Rocks of Scotts Bluff

Learn about the famous "Five Rocks" of Scotts Bluff National Monument.

A Conestoga covered wagon is pulled by replica oxen.

The Road Through Scotts Bluff

Many different groups of people have traveled past Scotts Bluff throughout the ages.

The Horse Creek Treaty

The Horse Creek Treaty

Explore the history of the Fort Laramie Treaty of 1851, also known as the Horse Creek Treaty.

Last updated: August 2, 2021

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Mailing Address:

P.O. Box 27
Gering , NE 69341

Phone:

308 436-9700

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