New Artifact Selection On View at American Camp
Contact: Mike Vouri, firstname.lastname@example.org
Park visitors can gain sense of daily life during the joint military occupation and the farming period that followed by checking out the newly refreshed archaeology exhibits at San Juan Island National Historical Park's American Camp visitor center.
Excavation crews for the project were primarily led by Fort Vancouver National Historic Site archaeologist Beth Horton and unearthed 14,886 total objects. An NCRI exhibit preparator, Meagan Huff, selected 17 representative objects for the Brown house case, plus designed and reorganized all of the cases by elevating selected objects clear plastic risers. She also included descriptive information and photographs of the various sites within the cases.
One entire case is devoted to families that once occupied the house during the military period from 1860 to 1872 and immediately afterward. It is unknown when the building was moved to Friday Harbor, as the building does not appear on town plats until 1884.
The artifacts reflect a period when rural settlers were primarily farmers who raised cereal crops, fruit and livestock. Among the earliest homesteading families was that of Robert Firth, the last agent of the Hudson's Bay Company's Belle Vue Sheep Farm. Firth, followed by his daughter Manie and her husband Joe LaChappelle, occupied a former U.S. Army Officer's Quarters at American Camp continuously until 1923 when they sold to the McRae family.
Among the objects on display are sherds of earthen ware, a hand-painted teacup, drawer pull, ink bottle, cow bone, and a tobacco pipe bowl. Combined with two other cases of artifacts related to the joint military occupation and a large case of pre-contact American Indian and First Nations (from the park's Burk Museum collections), more than 6,000 years of daily human life are represented, according to park historian Mike Vouri.
The joint occupation cases were originally installed in 1996 through a fund-raising project among Friday Harbor merchants led by former Griffin Bay Bookstore owner, Susan Eyerly. The money was used to build the cases and create the original labels. Before that time objects from the park's collection-the fourth largest in the NPS Pacific West Region-had never been formally displayed at American Camp. Eyerly also designed placement of the objects and helped with the installation. She passed away in April 2006.
The case displaying the pre-contact artifacts was installed in 2006 in conjunction with the Burke Museum, where the park's re-contact collection is housed and researched. A wall display for the Burke case was installed last spring.