Mission Espada

View of church at Mission Espada
Mission Espada: 10040 Espada Road, San Antonio, Texas, 78214.

NPS Photo/ Matthew Mangum

About Mission Espada

This was the first mission in Texas, founded in 1690 as San Francisco de los Tejas near present-day Weches, Texas. On March 5, 1731, the mission was transferred to the San Antonio River area and renamed Mission San Francisco de la Espada. A friary was built in 1745, and the church was completed in 1756.

Franciscan missionaries sought to make life within mission communities closely resemble that of Spanish villages and Spanish culture. In order to become Spanish citizens and productive inhabitants, Indigenous mission residents learned new trades and skills. As plows, farm implements, and gear for horses, oxen, and mules fell into disrepair, blacksmithing skills soon became indispensable. Weaving skills were needed to help clothe the inhabitants. As buildings became more elaborate, mission occupants learned masonry and carpentry skills under the direction of craftsmen contracted by the missionaries.

After secularization, these new skills proved beneficial to life after the mission times. The legacy of these Indigenous laborers and artisans is still evident throughout the city of San Antonio today.

The Loom at Mission Espada
The Loom at Mission Espada

NPS Photo

The Loom at Mission Espada

Wool from sheep raised at Rancho de las Cabras in the mission era would be washed, spun, and woven at the missions. Visitors can view a working loom in the Contact Station at Mission Espada. Visit Mission Espada on Monday afternoons to view live weaving demonstrations!
Espada Aqueduct from Above
The Espada Aqueduct

NPS Photo/ Chantelle Ruidant-Hansen

Espada Aqueduct & Acequia System

Just north of Mission Espada is the Espada Aqueduct. The Espada Aqueduct was constructed in 1745 by Franciscans to serve Mission Espada and the surrounding area. The Espada Aqueduct brought water traveling in an acequia from the San Antonio River over a low elevation creek, to maintain the elevation and potential energy of the water. This potential energy would carry the water from its original exit point on the San Antonio River to the farmlands of Mission Espada. The acequia system at Mission Espada is the most complete and original acequia system at the park.
Espada Map

NPS Image

Last updated: February 12, 2024

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Contact Info

Mailing Address:

2202 Roosevelt Avenue

San Antonio, TX 78210


210 932-1001

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