Newcomers In A New World
To characterize the evolving stages of civilization in southeastern America before European contact, archeologists have established a general cultural sequence starting with the oldest: Paleo-Indian, Archaic, Woodland, and Mississippian. Artifacts are either dated as “# years ago” or in BCE (Before Common Era) which reference dates before year 1 and CE (Common Era) which reference dates from year 1 onward. Since the first excavation at Russell Cave in 1953, it was thought that the cave was utilized by the prehistoric people. Later excavations would confirm this when archeologists unearthed over 2 tons of artifacts from all four of the cultural time periods.
Last updated: January 26, 2022