Park Statistics

Visitors at Alpine Visitor Center
Visitors at Alpine Visitor Center



Keeping track of park statistics has never been easier!

The National Park Service IRMA Portal is a one stop shop for detailed statistics about all NPS sites, including Rocky.


Park Purpose

To preserve the high-elevation ecosystems and wilderness characters of the southern Rocky Mountains within its borders and to provide the freest recreational use of and access to the park's scenic beauties, wildlife, natural features and processes, and cultural objects.

Park Significance

  • Rocky Mountain National Park provides exceptional access to wild places for visitors to recreate and experience solitude and outstanding scenic beauty. Trail Ridge Road, the highest continuous paved road in the United States, and the park’s extensive trail system bring visitors to the doorstep of a variety of wilderness-based recreational opportunities.
  • Fragile alpine tundra encompasses one-third of Rocky Mountain National Park, one of the largest examples of alpine tundra ecosystems protected in the contiguous United States.
  • Glaciers and flowing fresh water carved the landscapes of Rocky Mountain National Park. The park is the source of several river systems, including the Colorado River and the Cache la Poudre, Colorado’s first and only designated wild and scenic river.
  • The dramatic elevation range within the park boundary, which spans from 7,600 feet to 14,259 feet and straddles the Continental Divide, allows for diverse terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, varied plant and animal communities and a variety of ecological processes. The park is designated as a United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural (UNESCO) international biosphere reserve and globally important bird area, with portions of the park’s montane, subalpine, and alpine ecosystems managed as research natural areas for scientific and educational purposes.
  • The mountainous landscape of Rocky Mountain National Park has drawn people to the area for thousands of years. Visitors can see remnants of the different ways people have used this land over time, ranging from prehistoric big game drives to dude ranching to recreational tourism.

Size and Features

  • Official Park Gross Acres: 265,807.25 ac (107,568.38 ha) (includes inholdings)
  • Square Miles: 415.32 sq m (1075.67 sq km)
  • Wilderness Acres: Designated 252,298 ac (102,101.38 ha). Potential additions 368 ac (149 ha). 94.9 percent of the park is designated Wilderness.
  • Tundra Acres: 89,099 ac (36,057 ha)
  • Highest Elevation in the Park: Longs Peak 14,259 ft (4,346 m)
  • Named Peaks: There are 124 named peaks 8,789 feet or high in the park. Of those:
    • 118 are above 10,000 feet
    • 98 are above 11,000 feet
    • 77 are above 12,000 feet
    • 20 are above 13,000 feet
    • 1 is above 14,000 feet
  • Average Annual Precipitation
    • Estes Park 2000–2010: 16.8 in (42.7 cm)
    • Grand Lake 1981–2010: 19.9 in (50.6 cm)
  • Lakes: 147 lakes, many with fish, covering 1,151 acres (466 hectares)

Continental Divide

The Continental Divide angles through RMNP for 42 miles northwest to south-central from the ridgetops of the Never Summer Mountains, south at La Poudre Pass, across Trail Ridge Road at Milner Pass (10,758 ft/3,548 m), through the park’s core, and finally at Ogallala Peak on the park’s southern boundary.


  • Birds: 280
  • Fish: 7 native, 4 exotic
  • Mammals: 66 species are known to be native to the area. Three of these–grizzly bear, gray wolf, and bison–are locally extinct. Two others–lynx and wolverine–are extremely rare and may be locally extinct.
  • Butterflies: 142 confirmed species
  • Vascular plants: 1100 approximately

Threatened Species: Greenback cutthroat trout, Canada lynx

Proposed Threatened Species: Wolverine

Candidate Species: Arapahoe snowfly

View a complete list of species on the IRMA NPSpecies page.

Exotic Species

  • 100+ exotic plant species. 42 are considered invasive with potential to displace native plants.
  • 9 vertebrate species

Wildlife Population Estimates

  • Bears: 20–24
  • Bighorn Sheep: 350+
  • Coyotes: Common
  • Deer: 300–500 in Estes Valley in winter, more during seasonal spring and fall migrations
  • Elk: 200–300 winter in the park. 400–500 winter in Estes Park
  • Moose: 40–60 on west side. Increasing on east side.
  • Mountain Lions: Present in low numbers. Rarely seen.

Roads and Trails

Trail Ridge Road is the highest continuous paved highway in North America, with a high point of 12,183 feet (3,713 meters).

  • Paved Roads: 92 mi (148 km)
  • Unpaved Roads: 28 mi (45 km)
  • Hiking Trails: Approximately 355 mi (571 km)
  • Shuttle Operations: 733,589 total riders in 2018


  • January 26, 1915
    Establishment of Rocky Mountain National Park (16 USC 191)
  • January 17, 1977
    Inclusion in the international system of Biosphere Reserves (UNESCO)
  • 1977
    Designation of park as Class 1 airshed (1977 Amendment to Clean Air Act)
  • November 10, 1978
    Establishment and designation of the Continental Divide National Scenic Trail including sections within RMNP (Public Law 95-625)
  • October 30, 1986
    Designation of Cache la Poudre River within RMNP (14 miles as Wild River) as a unit of the National Wild and Scenic Rivers System (P.L. 99-590)
  • 1996
    Designation of Trail Ridge Road as All American Road by the U. S. Department of Transportation (National Scenic Byways Program) and designation as a State Scenic Byway
  • 2000
    Prohibition of Commercial Air Tour Operations (§806, National Parks Air Tour Management Act of 2000, P.L. 106-181)
  • 2001
    Beaver Meadows Visitor Center/Headquarters designated as National Historic Landmark
  • August 24, 2001
    Designation of RMNP as a Globally Important Bird Area by the American Bird Conservancy
  • March 30, 2009
    Designation of Rocky Mountain National Park Wilderness (P.L. 111-11)

A variety of sites in RMNP are on the National Register of Historic Places, including prehistoric archeological sites, buildings, structures including roads and bridges, and even a snowplow.

Last updated: July 1, 2022

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Contact Info

Mailing Address:

1000 US Hwy 36
Estes Park, CO 80517


970 586-1206
The Information Office is open year-round: 8:00 a.m. - 4:00 p.m. daily in summer; 8:00 a.m. - 4:00 p.m. Mondays - Fridays and 8:00 a.m. - 12:00 p.m. Saturdays - Sundays in winter. Recorded Trail Ridge Road status: (970) 586-1222.

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