What is a Kiʻi?
As defined by Pukuʻi's Hawaiian Dictionary, a kiʻi is an image, statue, or likeness that serves as symbolic representations of the akua, or the multitude of Hawaiian gods, deities, and venerated ancestors. While images most commonly took the form of wooden carvings, they were also formed out of pōhaku (stone), carved into pūnohunohu (sea urchin spines), or as ornate feathered images.
While there are numerous akua (gods) in the Hawaiian Pantheon, there are four major gods Kū, Kanaloa, Kāne, Lono.
Kāne is associated with life and creation. Often seen as a pair with Kanaloa.
Kanaloa is associated with creation, the ocean and long distance voyaging. Often seen as a pair with Kāne.
Kū is associated with governance, warfare, industry, building, labor, fishing and farming.
Lono is associated with agriculture, growth, fertility, natural weather phenomena, wisdom, enlightenment, healing, music and peace.
Kiʻi at Puʻuhonua o Hōnaunau
The kiʻi at Puʻuhonua o Hōnaunau National Historical Park attract visitors from all over the world. While the images seen today are not the original kiʻi, they are carved using the skills and traditions of the Hōnaunau area. During the Hale o Keawe restoration project in the 1960s, the park engaged scholars, artists, and craftsmen who were knowledgeable of cultural traditions to guide and carry out kiʻi reconstruction. Many of the carvers were maintenance workers in the park who brought their skills based on family knowledge to the park. Since these structures are wooden and deteriorate over time, they are periodically replaced. Just as with the original restoration, local carvers (some of whom are family members of the original carvers) bring their skills and knowledge to continue the tradition.
Meet the Kiʻi
Take a journey around the Royal Grounds and meet the kiʻi of Puʻuhonua o Hōnaunau. Open the photo gallery below and click through the images to get to know the kiʻi. Make sure to click on each image to read the full description of each kiʻi. The map of the kiʻi at Hale o Keawe identifies the kiʻi and their locations around the heiau.
Last updated: May 2, 2020