Seal Islands Historic District National Historic Landmark

A large historic village is on the horizon and white fenced Russian Orthodox cemetery in foreground
Seal Islands NHL, St. Paul City, Alaska

NPS Photo/J. Clemens

Quick Facts
Pribilof Islands, Alaska
This site is host to an international conservation agreement that has insured the preservation of the flourishing herds on the islands of St. Paul and St. George.
National Historic Landmark designated on June 13, 1962

The Pribilof Islands are two hundred and fifty miles north of the Aleutian Chain and three hundred miles west of the Alaska mainland. The northern fur seals of the Pribilof Islands attracted hunters, Russian traders, and the United States Government.

When Russian traders discovered the world’s largest single herd of mammals--the northern fur seal--on the islands of Saint George and Saint Paul, the islands became the primary site of the world’s fur seal industry. This industry generated conflict between nations and peoples for two hundred years from Russian landing in 1786 until Alaska statehood in 1959. An international conservation agreement between the United States, the United Kingdom, Russia, and Japan signed in 1911 insured the preservation of the flourishing fur seal herds on the islands of St. Paul and St. George in an important example of the principle of international arbitration. The Seal Islands possess outstanding historical significance in the themes of industry, conservation, and ethnic heritage.

Today, remnants of the fur seal industry can be seen on Saint George and Saint Paul. The historic district includes representatives of both commercial harvesting and processing, significant historical and archaeological sites, and the unique history of the labor force.

Additional Information

Russian America Theme: A National Historic Landmark Study

National Register of Historic Places - Official nomination form

Pribilof Islands: A Historical Perspective by NOAA, 2008

More National Historic Landmarks in Alaska

Last updated: June 19, 2020