Mary Henry

Newspaper article from April 22, 1900 with headline that reads "She was Mrs. Grant's Mammy."
An excerpt from the St. Louis Globe-Democrat's interview with Mary Henry, April 22, 1900.

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Quick Facts
Enslaved Woman Owned by Family of First Lady Julia Dent Grant
Place of Birth:
Possibly St. Louis, Missouri
Date of Birth:
Around 1824 or 1825
Place of Death:
Possibly St. Louis, Missouri
Date of Death:
Around 1900
Place of Burial:
Cemetery Name:

Mary Henry was an enslaved woman who was owned by First Lady Julia Dent Grant's family prior to the Civil War. She was interviewed by the St. Louis Globe-Democrat on April 22, 1900 and discussed her life at White Haven. 

According to the St. Louis Globe-Democrat article, Mary was born "a year or two" before Julia Dent Grant and the two were playmates while growing up at White Haven. She claimed to have been a close companion of Julia Dent Grant for many years. "I stood as close to her as she was being married as you to my bed," she proclaimed. "When her children were born, they were handed to me as they came into the world, and it was my hands that first put on them the clothes that my hands had made. For eleven years after Mrs. Dent (Julia Dent Grant's mother, Ellen Wrenshall Dent) died I kept house for 'Old Boss' [at White Haven]."

Of Ulysses S. Grant, Henry recalled that "he had a great teasing way about him and always liked to plauge me. He was the oldest [at White Haven], but always claimed I was older than he was." She also claimed that "the saddest time of my life was when 'Old Boss' left the farm and came in to St. Louis. He shook hands with all the servants and told them good-by. I was hanging back to be the last. When he shook hands with me two big tears ran down his cheeks." 

While this newspaper interview demonstrates that Mary Henry was enslaved at White Haven and knew Ulysses and Julia Grant personally, some of the claims she made in the St. Louis Globe-Democrat interview are questionable. While claiming a very close personal relationship with Julia Dent Grant, Julia does not mention Mary Henry in her Personal Memoirs despite mentioning several other enslaved African Americans that she was close to while living at White Haven. Mary's claim that Frederick F. Dent left White Haven during the Civil War and essentially emancipated his enslaved laborers by saying "good-by" and leaving them to their own devices is not supported in other accounts, nor is there any legal paperwork to confirm that Dent manumitted any enslaved laborers during the Civil War. In fact, Julia Dent Grant claimed in her Personal Memoirs that the remaining enslaved laborers at White Haven left the property on their own accord by early 1864. Likewise, one might also take Mary's "saddest time of my life" comment with a grain of salt given that the St. Louis Globe-Democrat editor tried to use this interview to romanticize slavery in St. Louis before the Civil War. 

The St. Louis Globe-Democrat article claimed that Mary Henry was nearing death at the time of her interview, and that she had recently recieved a check from Julia Dent Grant to help pay for a burial plot at Bellefontaine Cemetery in North St. Louis (where Julia's parents are buried). However, a search of Bellefontaine Cemetery's burial records indicates that while several women named Mary Henry are buried at the cemetery, no one by that name was buried there between 1867 and 1911.  


Ulysses S Grant National Historic Site

Last updated: January 31, 2021