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Survey of Historic Sites and Buildings

Suggested Reading


Lewis and Clark

Lewis and Clark: Historic Places Associated with Their Transcontinental Exploration (1804-06) was produced by the United States Department of the Interior, National Park Service in 1975. This material was part of the National Survey of Historic Sites and Buildings, Volume XIII and was designed to document the historic places commemorating the Lewis and Clark Expedition. It was written by Roy E. Appleman; the Series Editor for the volumes produced by the National Park Service was Robert G. Ferris. Portions of the 1975 document have been omitted and only minor revisions have been made to the original text, however the reader should note that some of the information contained herein may not reflect current conditions. Current color photos of historic sites are courtesy of current land management agency.

Additional historical site and background information can be obtained by visiting

NPS Historical Themes: Exploration
Lewis & Clark National Register Travel Itinerary
Lewis & Clark Teaching with Historic Places Lesson Plan
The Lewis & Clark Journey of Discovery
Journals Lewis & Clark Expedition

Information Regarding Published Edition

Ernest Allen Connally

A. Russell Mortensen

Cornelius W. Heine, Chief

Horace J. Sheely, Jr., Chief

This volume was prepared by:
Roy E. Appleman

with the Collaboration of the Series Editor and the research assistance of James H. Charleton

Assistant Editor: Richard E. Morris
(Original) Designer: Gary Gore

Incorporated in this book are Survey and evaluation reports prepared by the following National Park Service historians and archeologists: Roy E. Appleman, Paul L. Beaubien, Chester L. Brooks, Daniel F. Burroughs, William C. Everhart, John A. Hussey, Alfred C. Kuehl, Andrew M. Loveless, Merrill J. Mattes, Ray H. Mattison, Frank B. Sarles, Jr., Charles W. Snell, and Erwin N. Thompson. These reports were reviewed by the Advisory Board on National Parks, Historic Sites, Buildings, and Monuments and the Consulting Committee for the National Survey of Historic Sites and Buildings. Current members of these groups are listed in the Acknowledgments.

Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data United States.
National Park Service.

Lewis and Clark: historic places associated with their transcontinental exploration (1804-06)

(The national survey of historic sites and buildings, v. 13)

Bibliography: p.

1. Lewis and Clark Expedition. 2. Lewis, Meriwether, 1774-1809. 3. Clark, William, 1770-1838. 4. Historic sites—The West. I. Title. II. Series.

F592.7.U56 1975 917.8'04'20922 [B] 73-20144


Lewis and Clark were heralds of national destiny. In their tracks trod the pioneers who fulfilled that destiny. Over the course of time, they and their heirs drastically reshaped the face of the land.

Today, Americans are concerned about the vanishing wilderness. They are joining together to save and protect remaining natural areas. Aiding them in their efforts are the various bureaus of the Department of the Interior and other governmental and private agencies engaged in conservation and preservation activities.

Numerous organizations and individuals have expended commendable efforts in marking the expedition's route and preserving associated sites. I recommend this book to all those who wish to follow the Lewis and Clark Trail and learn more about one of the most fascinating expeditions in our history.

Secretary of the Interior


I hope that this book will encourage preservation of sites related to the Lewis and Clark Expedition that have not already been lost or destroyed by the ravages of time, nature, and man. With the aid of this guidebook, many Americans will be able to visit the surviving sites. In so doing, they will probably recognize the critical need to safeguard them for posterity.

Credit for the preparation of this volume is shared widely by persons both in and out of the National Park Service. The historic preservation activities of the Service have particularly benefited from the assistance of the National Trust for Historic Preservation in the United States, cosponsor of the National Survey of Historic Sites and Buildings. The Survey is authorized by the Historic Sites Act of 1935.

National Park Service


Advisory Board on National Parks, Historic Sites, Buildings, and Monuments

E. Y. Berry, Rapid City, S. Dak.
Mrs. Lyndon B. Johnson, Stonewall, Tex.
Laurence W. Lane, Jr., Menlo Park, Calif.
A. Starker Leopold, University of California, Berkeley.
Peter C. Murphy, Jr., Springfield, Oreg.
Melvin M. Payne, National Geographic Society.
Linden C. Pettys, Ludington, Mich.
Steven Rose, Arcadia, Calif.
Walter M. Schirra, Jr., Englewood, Colo.
Douglas W. Schwartz, School of American Research.
William G. Shade, Lehigh University.

Consulting Committee for the National Survey of Historic Sites and Buildings

James Biddle, National Trust for Historic Preservation.
John O. Brew, Harvard University.
Walter L. Creese, University of Illinois.
Richard H. Howland, Smithsonian Institution.
John W. Huston, U.S. Naval Academy.
Herbert E. Kahler, Alexandria, Va.
Charles E. Lee, South Carolina Department of Archives and History.
Henry A. Millon, Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Frederick D. Nichols, University of Virginia.
Dorothy B. Porter, Moorland Foundation, Howard University.

National Park Service

Edwin C. Bearss, Historian, Historic Preservation Project (East), Denver Service Center.
Burnby M. Bell (deceased), former Historian, Fort Clatsop National Memorial, Oreg.
Frederick R. Bell, Picture Librarian, Office of Information.
John A. Burns, Architect, Historic American Buildings Survey, Division of Historic and Architectural Surveys.
Paul Goeldner, Architect, Historic Sites Survey, Division of Historic and Architectural Surveys.
David K. Hansen, Historian, Historic Sites Survey, Division of Historic and Architectural Surveys.
Herbert E. Kahler, Chief (retired), Division of History and Archeology.
Warren A. McCullough, Public Affairs Specialist, Independence National Historical Park, Pa.
John D. McDermott, Assistant Executive Secretary, Advisory Council on Historic Preservation.
R. Alan Mebane, Chief Naturalist, Yellowstone National Park, Wyo.- Mont -Idaho.
Christine L. St. Lawrence, Writer-Editor, Historic American Buildings Survey, Division of Historic and Architectural Surveys.
Charles W. Snell, Historian, Historic Preservation Project (East), Denver Service Center.
Hilda E. Staubs, Museum Technician, Harpers Ferry National Historical Park, Md.-W. Va.
Robert M. Utley, Assistant Director, Park Historic Preservation.

Other Individuals

Carey S. Bliss, Curator of Rare Books, Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery.
Beatrice Boone, Visual Information Specialist, Bureau of Sport Fisheries and Wildlife, U.S. Department of the Interior.
Helen Clark, Head, Photograph Sales, The National Gallery of Canada.
Paul R. Cutright, Jenkintown, Pa.
Josephine M. D'Orsi, Division of Photography, American Museum of Natural History.
Mrs. John G. Dotzman, Missouri Historical Society.
Richard H. Engeman, Photographs and Maps Librarian, Oregon Historical Society.
John C. Ewers, Senior Ethnologist, Department of Anthropology, Smithsonian Institution.
Larry Gill, Great Falls, Mont.
Mildred Goosman, Curator, Western Collection, Joslyn Art Museum.
Gail Guidry, Curator of Pictorial History, Missouri Historical Society.
Aubrey L. Haines, Bozeman, Mont.
Gertrude D. Hess, Associate Librarian, American Philosophical Society Library.
Donald D. Jackson, Professor of History, University of Virginia.
Michael S. Kennedy, former Director, Montana Historical Society.
Howard L. Levin, Bettmann Archive, Inc.
R. J. McCaig, Montana Power Company, Great Falls.
James H. Maroney, Head of American Painting, Sotheby Parke Bernet, Inc.
Charles S. Marshall, Executive Secretary, Eastern National Park and Monument Association.
Lory J. Morrow, Photo Archivist, Montana Historical Society.
Ralph S. Space, Orofino, Idaho.
Frances H. Stadler, Archivist, Missouri Historical Society.
Keith M. Thompson, Forest Supervisor, Clearwater National Forest, Idaho.
Helen B. West, Archives Assistant, Museum of the Plains Indian.
Oliver Willcox, Staff Photographer, Thomas Gilcrease Institute of American History and Art.

Art and Picture Credits

The National Park Service gratefully acknowledges the assistance of agencies and individuals furnishing illustrations and granting permission to reproduce them. Where available, names of photographers and dates of photographs are indicated in parentheses following credits.
Last Updated: 12-Apr-2004