Catoctin Mountain Park
Historic Resource Study
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Selected Sources

Primary Sources

Frederick County Historical Society, MD

McPherson Family Papers
Post Card Collection
Ledger of George Hauver Jr., Journal of his Ordinary (later Wolfe's tavern)

National Archives, Washington, DC

RG 69, Records of the Works Progress Administration, Central Files.
RG 35, Records of the CCC, Division of Investigations Camp Inspection Reports.

National Archives, College Park, MD (NA in notes)

RG 79, Records of the National Park Service

Records of the Branch of Plans and Design, Monthly Narrative Reports
Records of the Project Application Section, Memoranda and Correspondence Concerning CCC Camps
Records of Newton B. Drury, 1940-1941
Records of the National Park Service, Records of the Branch of Recreation, Land Planning and State Cooperation, Records Concerning WPA Projects, 1935-1943
Records of the National Park Service, Records of the Office of the Chief Counsel, Legislative Files, 1932-1950
Records Concerning RDAs, Project Records of the Project Planning and Control Section, Land Utilization Division
Records Concerning RDAs, RDA Program Files
Land Acquisition Case Files Pertaining to the Catoctin RDA

Thurmont Historical Society, Thurmont, MD

Vertical Files

Catoctin Mountain Park

Vertical Files

Census Material

Maryland Censuses, 1820-1920
Slave Schedules, 1860
Census of Manufactures, 1820
Agricultural census, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1870

McKeldin Library Special Collections, University of Maryland at College Park.

Agricultural Cooperative Extension Service Collection

Franklin D. Roosevelt Library, Hyde Park, NY

President's Personal Files
FDR: Day by Day- The Pare Lorentz Chronology, FDR Library.



Brugger, Robert. Maryland: A Middle Temperament, 1634-1980. Baltimore, 1988.

Gordon, Paul and Rita. A Textbook History of Frederick County. Frederick, MD 1975.

Martin, Charles S. and Thomas Rose. The History of Wolfsville and the Catoctin District.Frederick, MD 1972.

Means, John. Maryland's Catoctin Mountain Parks, An Interpretive Guide to Catoctin Mountain Park and Cunningham Falls State Park. Blacksburg, VA 1995.

Mitchell, Robert. "Revisionism and Regionalism," in Robert Mitchell, et al. ed. Appalachia: A Regional Geography. Boulder, CO., 1984.

Mitchell, Mitchell and Edward K. Muller. Geographical Perspectives on Maryland's Past. College Park, MD 1979.

Schraf, Thomas. History of Western Maryland. 1882, Baltimore, reprint, 1967.

Strain, Paula. The Blue Hills of Maryland: History Along the Appalachian Trail on South Mountain and the Catoctins. Vienna, VA, 1993.

Williams, Thomas J.C. History of Frederick County. Baltimore, 1967.

Wireman, George. Gateway to the Mountains. Hagerstown, MD 1969.

Native Americans

Bastian, Tyler. "Preliminary Notes on the Biggs Ford Site, Frederick County, Maryland," Maryland Geological Survey, Division of Archeology, File Report 16, (1974).

Calloway, Colin, New Worlds for All: Indians, Europeans, and the Remaking of Early America. Baltimore, 1997.

Curry, Dennis and Maureen Kavanaugh, "The Middle to Late Woodland Transition in Maryland." North American Archaeologist 12 (1991).

Geasey, Spencer, O. "Albert's Cave," Maryland Archeology 9 (March-September 1973).

Geasey, Spencer, O. "The Tuscarora-Rock Shelter," Journal of the Archeological Society of Maryland, 7 (March 1971).

Kavanagh, Maureen. "Archeological Resources of the Monocacy Region," Annapolis, MD, 1982.

Merrell, James. "Cultural Continuity Among the Piscataway Indians of Colonial Maryland." William and Mary Quarterly (1979).

Porter, Frank. "Behind the Frontier: Indian Survival in Maryland." Maryland Historical Magazine, 75 (March 1980).

Porter, Frank W. Maryland Indians: Yesterday and Today. Baltimore, MD, 1983.

Early White Settlement

Cunz, Dieter. The Maryland Germans: A History. Princeton, NJ, 1948.

Dern, John and Grace Tracey, Pioneers of the Old Monocacy, 1721-1743. Baltimore, 1987.

Dutrizac, Charles. "Local Identity and Authority in a Disputed Hinterland: The Pennsylvania-Maryland Border in the 1730s." Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 115 (1991).

Frantz, John B. "The Awakening of Religion Among German Settlers in the Middle Colonies." William and Mary Quarterly (April 1976).

Henry, James Young ed. Moravian Families of Graceham, Maryland, 1759-1871. Silver Spring, Maryland, 1942.

Hinton, John. "A New Maps of the Province of Maryland in North America." from Universal Magazine, 66 (1780), in Edward Papenfuse, ed. Atlas of Historical Maps of Maryland, 1608-1908. Baltimore, 1982.

Kessel, Elizabeth. "Germans on the Maryland Frontier: A Social History of Frederick County, Maryland, 1730-1800," Ph.D. diss., Rice University, 1981.

________"Germans in the Making of Frederick Country, Maryland," in Mitchell, et al. Appalachian Frontiers: A Regional Geography. Boulder, 1984.

Oeter, Albert, L. The History of Graceham, Frederick County, Maryland, Frederick, 1913.

Porter, Frank. "From Backcountry to Country: The Delayed Settlement of Western Maryland," Maryland Historical Magazine, 70 (1975),

Rice, James. "Crime and Punishment in Frederick County, Maryland, 1748-1837." Ph.D. diss., University of Maryland at College Park, 1994.

Rice, Millard Milburn. New Facts and Old Families. Redwood, CA, 1976.

Rouse, Jr., Park. The Great Wagon Road, Philadelphia to the South, How the Scotch-Irish and Germanics Settled the Uplands. Richmond, VA 1995.

Schildknecht, C.E. ed. Monocacy and Catoctin, vol. 1, Shippensburg, PA, 1985.

Stoner, Paula. "Early Folk Architecture of Washington, County." Maryland Historical Magazine 72 (Winter 1977).

French and Indian War

Stegmaier, Mark. "Maryland Fear of Insurrection at the Time of Braddock's Defeat." Maryland Historical Magazine, 71 Winter 1976.

Revolutionary War

Archives of Maryland. Muster Rolls and other Records of Service of Maryland Troops in the American Revolution, 1775-1783. Baltimore, 1972.

Hinks, William. Centennial Celebration in Frederick County, on June 28, 1876.Frederick, MD 1879.

Historical Society of Frederick County. "Three Historical Sketches of Frederick County: From its Foundation to the End of the Revolutionary Period." Frederick, MD 1974.

Maryland Agricultural Week Committee. "Breadbasket of the Revolution, Maryland Agriculture, 1776-1976." Annapolis, MD 1976.

Maryland Society of the Sons of the American Revolution. Patriots All: Being a History and Report on the 75 Years of Leadership in Frederick County. Frederick, MD 1995.

Retzer, Henry. The German Regiment of Maryland and Pennsylvania in the Colonial Army, 1776-1781. Westminster, MD 1991.

Steiner, Bernard. Western Maryland in the Revolution. Baltimore, 1902.

Walsh, Richard. "The Era of the Revolution," in Richard Walsh, ed. Maryland: A History, Annapolis, 1983.

White, Jr. Frank F. The Governors of Maryland, 1777-1970. Baltimore, 1970.

Early Iron Industry

Anderson, Elizabeth. Faith in the Furnace A History of Harriet Chapel. Catoctin Furnace, MD 1985.

Board of World's Fair Managers. Maryland: Its Resources, Industries and Institutions. Baltimore, 1893.

Crapster, Basil L. "Hampton Furnace in Colonial Frederick County." Maryland Historical Magazine 80 (Spring 1985).

Davies, Malcolm. "Iron Forging and Smelting in the Maryland: A Relict Industry After the Civil War." Ed.D. diss., Columbia University, 1972.

John Milner Associates, "Archeological Excavations at Site 18 FR 320, Catoctin, Maryland." July 1980.

Maryland State Planning Commission. "The Iron and Steel Industry: Blast Furnaces, Steel Works and Rolling Mills." Baltimore, 1938.

Orr, Kenneth G. "The Catoctin Furnace Archaeological Mitigation Project Final Report of the 1979 Excavation." February, 1982.

Robbins, Michael. Maryland's Iron Industry During the Revolutionary War Era. Baltimore, 1973.

_________The Principio Company: Iron-Making in Colonial Maryland, 1720-1781. New York, 1986.

Singlewald, Joseph Jr. Report on the Iron Ores of Maryland. Baltimore, 1911.

Thompson, Michael. The Iron Industry in Western Maryland. Baltimore, 1976.

Rumsey and Steamboat

Arbuckle, Robert D. "John Nicolson and the Great Steamboat Rivalry." Maryland Historical Magazine 71 (Spring 1976).

Turner, Ella May. James Rumsey: Pioneer in Steam Navigation. Scottdale, PA, 1930.


Brusnton, Ahron Ann. "The Cemetery at Catoctin Furnace, Maryland: The Invisible People." Maryland Archeology: Journal of the Archeological Society of Maryland 17 (March 1981).

Craton, Michael. "The African Background." In Randal Miller and John David Smith. eds., Dictionary of Afro-American Slavery. New York, 1988.

Dew, Charles B. "Disciplining Slave Ironworkers in the Antebellum South: Coercion, Conciliation, and Accommodation." American Historical Review. April 1974.

Doulas, George Anthony. "An Economic History of Frederick County, Maryland, to 1860." Ph.D. diss., Johns Hopkins University, 1938.

Kelly, Jennifer Olsen and J. Lawrence Angel. "The Workers of Catoctin Furnace." Maryland Archeology: Journal of the Archeological Society of Maryland, 19 March 1983.

Libby, Jean. "African Ironworking Culture Among African American Ironworkers in Western Maryland, 1760-1850." M.A. Thesis, San Francisco State University,1991.

Starobin, Robert. Industrial Slavery in the Old South. New York, 1970.

Civil War Era

Gordon, Paul and Rita. Frederick County Maryland: A Playground for the Civil War. Frederick, Maryland, 1994.

________Never the Like Again. Frederick, 1995.

Hitselberger, Mary. A Bridge in Time: Complete 1850 Census of Frederick County Maryland. Redwood City, CA, 1978.

Jacobs, M. Notes on the Rebel Invasion of Maryland and Pennsylvania and the Battle of Gettysburg. Gettysburg, PA 1909.

Schildt, John. Roads from Gettysburg. Shippenburg, PA, 1998.

Schildt, John. Roads to Gettysburg. Parson, WV, 1978.

Still, William N. Monitor Builders. Washington, DC 1987.

Talbert, Bart Rhett. Maryland: The South's First Casualty. Berryville, VA, 1995.


Belasco, Warren James. Americans on the Road: From Autocamp to Motel, 1910-1945.Cambridge, MA, 1979.

Koker, Sandra. Appalachian Tail. Portland, OR, 1979.

Luken, Maude. "Catoctin Furnace--A Different Village." American Motorist, September 1930.

Stotelmyer, Asa P. "The Black Rock Hotel on Bagtown Jugtown Trail." Baltimore Sun, 15 November 1970.

Schlotterbeck, Judith. The Pen Mar Story. Funkstown, MD, 1978.


Breed Publishing Company's Directory of the Western Maryland Railroad for the year 1892 from Baltimore to Williamsport. Newburgh, New York, 1893.

Eyler, Charles W. "I Remember the Wreck of the Blue Mountain Express." Baltimore Sun, 20 March 1960.

Gitt, Joseph. Report of the Survey and Location of the Western Maryland Railroad. Baltimore, 1865.

Graffam, William. "Reliving the 1915 Train Wreck on Bridge at Thurmont," Frederick News-Post, 20 February 1975.

Harwood, Jr., Herbert H. Blue Ridge Trolley: The Hagerstown and Frederick Railway, Frederick, 1979.

Planning Commission of Thurmont MD, "Suggested Master Plan" 1964

Western Maryland Railroad. "Summering on the Western Maryland Railroad," Baltimore, 1913 .


Besley, F.W. The Forests of Frederick County. Baltimore, 1922.


Dunaway, Wilma. The First American Frontier: Transition to Capitalism in Southern Appalachia, 1700-1860, Chapel Hill, 1996.

Ergood, Bruce. "Toward a Definition of Appalachia" in Ergood, Bruce and Bruce Kuhre, eds., Appalachia: Social Context Past and Present. Athens, OH, 1976.

Kellner, Esther. Moonshine: Its History and Folklore. New York, 1971.

Marsh, John. The Land of the Living: The Story of Maryland's Green Ridge Forest. Cumberland, MD, 1996.

Shapiro, Henry. Appalachia on Our Mind. Chapel Hill, 1978.

The New Deal

Argersinger, Jo Ann E. Toward a New Deal in Baltimore. Chapel Hill, NC, 1988.

Board State Aid and Charities. Maryland's Emergency Relief Program, From April 1933 through December 1935. Baltimore, 1935.

Brown, Dorothy. "Maryland Between Wars." In Richard Walsh, ed. Maryland: A History, 1632-1974. Baltimore, 1974.

Hamilton, David E. From New Day to New Deal, American Farm Policy from Hoover to Roosevelt, 1928-1933. Chapel Hill, 1991.

Harry L. Hopkins. Spending to Save: The Complete Story of Relief. Seattle, 1962.

Ickes, Harold. The Secret Diary of Harold Ickes, The First Thousand Days, 1933-1936. New York, 1954.

Kendrick, J.F. A Survey of Frederick County, Maryland With Special Reference to Public Health, Medical Care, and Social Welfare. Baltimore, 1935.

Kimberly, Charles V. "The Depression in Maryland: The Failure of Voluntaryism." Maryland Historical Magazine 79 (Spring 1975).

Kirkconnell, Barbara. "Catoctin Mountain: An Administrative History." M.A. thesis, University of Maryland at College Park, 1988.

Land Planning Committee of the National Resources Board. Maladjustments in Land Use in the U.S. Washington, 1938.

Maryland Emergency Relief Administration. Relief--A Challenge to the State of Maryland, A Report of the First 21 Months of Maryland's Relief Administration, April 1933-December 1934. Baltimore, 1935.

Paige, John C. The CCC and the NPS, 1933-1942, An Administrative History. Washington, 1985.

Schlesinger, Jr., Arthur M. The Coming of the New Deal. Boston, 1959.

________The Politics of Upheaval, (Boston, 1960)

Saloutos, Theodore. The American Farmer and the New Deal. Ames, Iowa, 1982.

Sternsher, Bernard. Rexford Tugwell and the New Deal. New Brunswick, NJ, 1964.

Swain, Donald. "The National Park Service and the New Deal." Pacific Historical Review 41 (1972).

Szczygiel, Bonj. "The Recreational Demonstration Area Program of the New Deal." M.A. thesis, Pennsylvania State University, 1971.

Tugwell, Rexford. "The Resettlement Idea." Agricultural History 23 (October, 1959).

Weddle, C. Roy. Life in a Small Town. Frederick, 1996.

Wirth, Conrad. Parks, Politics and the People. Norman, Oklahoma, 1980.

Shangri-La and World War II

Burns, James MacGregor. Roosevelt: the Soldier of Freedom. New York 1970.

Callcott, George. Maryland and America, 1940-1980. Baltimore, 1985.

Churchill, Winston. The Hinge of Fate. Boston, 1950.

Glenn, Vicki. "Camp David: Presidents, Shang-gra-la and the Catoctins," Frederick Magazine, (February 1992).

Hammond, Helen. "The Year the Nazis Came to Frederick." Frederick Magazine, (June 1996).

Nelson, W. Dale. The President is at Camp David. Syracuse, NY: 1995.


Baltimore Gazette and Advertiser

The Baltimore Phoenix and Budget

Baltimore Sun

Frederick Examiner.

Frederick News

Frederick Post

Frederick Town Herald

Hagerstown Mail

Happy Days

The Mountaineer

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Last Updated: 21-Nov-2003