Success Meets Resistance
In the aftermath of the battles on the Rio Grande, many U.S. soldiers felt certain their success would yield an early end to war. However, Mexican leaders were determined to fight. Despite continuing U.S. pressure and a growing list of defeats, Mexican leaders came to view the conflict as a war of honor and resisted for almost two years.
The Campaign Continues
In the summer of 1846, the war shifted west as army and naval forces began the conquest of Mexico's New Mexico and Upper California territories. The takeover was complete by January 1847. But Zachary Taylor's forces would remain at the forefront of military activity. After adding thousands of volunteer soldiers to his once-tiny force, Taylor left Matamoros in August 1846 and advanced toward the Mexican interior.
"Rough & Ready" Replaced
Taylor's went on to victory at the Battle of Monterrey in September 1846 and would occupy the city of Saltillo two months later. Taylor and his men would then overcome two difficult days of combat and gain an unlikely victory over General Santa Anna at the Battle of Buena Vista in February 1847.
"Old Fuss & Feathers"
Winfield Scott's campaign became the key factor in the war. Scott's troops landed near Veracruz, on March 9, 1847. U.S. forces bombarded the city until Mexican officials surrendered on March 29th. Scott then pressed toward central Mexico. Along the way, Scott and his army defeated Mexican forces at Cerro Gordo (April 18, 1847), Contreras and Churubusco (August 20, 1847), and Molino del Rey (September 8, 1847).
Last updated: February 16, 2022