Three Sonoran pronghorn look out across the shrubland. Two of the animals have horns.
The Sonoran pronghorn is one of the most charismatic mammals in the monument. This species is one of many that finds refuge in the monument, allowing for unique opportunities of growth. Additionally, this is one of a few species that have been given a second chance in a rapidly changing world, with efforts made from multiple agencies to protect this species.

NPS photo


The Sonoran Desert may be a land of extremes, but the heat of the summer and the soaking rains of the winter create a suitable habitat for well adapted mammals. Under a creosote bush or along an arroyo, there is plenty of habitat to be occupied by the monument's many mammals. If you are lucky, you may spot one of these elusive creatures as they go about their day or night. Mammals in the monument possess many adaptations to deal with the heat and to utilize water. From differences in fur, to how they search for and consume food and water, these desert critters know how to make the best of scarce and extreme environments.

A coyote with large amber eyes looks toward the camera.
Canids & Felids

Learn more about canids and felids of the monument.

Three small black California leaf-nosed bats fly from their roost in a cave.

Learn more about bats in the monument.

A Harris antelope ground squirrel picks its way over cactus spines.
Other Small Mammals

Learn more about small mammals in the Monument.

A pair of male bighorn sheep with large horns face the camera.
Hoofed Mammals

Learn more about the hoofed mammals in the monument.


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Arizona Mammals

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    Last updated: August 19, 2023

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    Ajo, AZ 85321



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