Scientific information is the cornerstone of safe and successful fire management.
The field of fire ecology seeks to understand when fires occurred in the past, how plants and animals in various environments respond and adapt to fire, and how fires and their effects may change in the future.
National Park Service fire managers strive to ensure the most current science-based information is integrated into fire and land management goals, decisions, and practices. This work includes collaborating with resource managers and scientists to develop fire management objectives that meet land management goals, designing and implementing monitoring programs to determine if objectives are met, and identifying questions that need to be answered through research studies. Providing this type of information to managers is critical to ensuring a scientifically based fire management program that will continue to improve as new knowledge is gained.
The fire effects monitoring program allows park managers to document basic information, to detect trends, and to ensure that each park meets its fire and resource management objectives.